2018年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第二套试卷听力附答案

2018年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第二套试卷听力附答案?

2018年12月大年夜学英语四级测验第2套阅读真题写作: Part?I?Writing?(30?minutes)
Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?write?a?short?essay?on?the?challenges?of?studying?abroad.?You?should?write?at?least?120?words?but?no?more?than?180?words.

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2018年12月英语四级测验真题试卷附答案(完整版 第2套)
2018年12月英语四级听力真题及答案:第2套 点击收听:

2018年12月英语四级听力真题:第2套

Part?II?Listening?Comprehension?(30?minutes)

Section?A?News?Report
Directions?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?three?news?reports。?At?the?end?of?each?news?report,?you?will?hear?two?or?three?questions。?Both?the?news?report?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once。?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D)。?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre。www.hyundaipaint.com

Questions?1?and?2?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.
1.A)?A?man?was?pulled?to?safety?after?a?building?collapse.
B)?A?beam?about?ten?feet?long?collapsed?to?the?ground.
C)?A?rescue?worker?got?trapped?in?the?basement.
D)?A?deserted?100-yearold?building?caught?fire.
2.A)?He?suffered?a?fatal?injury?in?an?accident.
B)?He?once?served?in?a?fire?department.
C)?He?was?collecting?building?materials.
D)?He?moved?into?his?neighbor’s?old?house.

Questions?3?and?4?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.
3.A)?Improve?the?maths?skills?of?high?school?teachers.
B)?Change?British?people’s?negative?view?of?maths.
C)?Help?British?people?understand?their?paychecks.
D)?Launch?a?campaign?to?promote?maths?teaching.
4.A)?Children?take?maths?courses?at?an?earlier?age.
B)?The?public?sees?the?value?of?maths?in?their?life.
C)?British?people?know?how?to?do?elementary?calculations.
D)?Primary?school?teachers?understand?basic?maths?concepts.

Questions?5?and?7?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.
5.A)?He?owns?a?fleet?of?aircraft.
B)?He?is?learning?to?be?a?pilot.
C)?He?regards?his?royal?duties?as?a?burden.
D)?He?held?a?parttime?job?for?over?20?years.
6.A)?He?can?demonstrate?his?superior?piloting?skills.
B)?He?can?change?his?focus?of?attention?and?relax.
C)?He?can?show?his?difference?from?other?royalty.
D)?He?can?come?into?closer?contact?with?his?people.
7.A)?They?enjoyed?his?company.
B)?They?liked?him?in?his?uniform.
C)?They?rarely?recognised?him.
D)?They?were?surprised?to?see?him.

Section?B?Conversation
Directions?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?two?long?conversations。?At?the?end?of?each?conversations?you?will?hear?four?questions。?Both?the?conversations?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once。?After?you?hear?a?question。?You?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),B),Cand?D)。?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Questions?8?to?11?are?based?on?the?conversation?you?have?just?heard.
8.A)?They?were?skilled?carpenters?themselves.
B)?It?didn’t?need?much?capital?to?start?with.
C)?Wood?supply?was?plentiful?in?Romania.
D)?They?saw?a?business?opportunity?there.
9.A)?Provide?quality?furniture?at?affordable?prices.
B)?Attract?foreign?investment?to?expand?business.
C)?Enlarge?their?company?by?hiring?more?workers.
D)?Open?some?more?branch?companies?in?Germany.
10.A)?They?are?from?her?hometown.
B)?They?are?imported?from?Germany.
C)?They?all?come?from?Romania.
D)?They?come?from?all?over?the?continent.
11.A)?All?across?Europe.
B)?Throughout?the?world.
C)?Mostly?in?Bucharest.
D)?In?Romania?only.

Questions?12?to?15?are?based?on?the?conversation?you?have?just?heard.
12.A)?Go?to?a?concert?with?him?and?his?girlfriend.
B)?Try?out?a?new?restaurant?together?in?town.
C)?Go?with?him?to?choose?a?pearl?for?Susan.
D)?Attend?the?opening?of?a?local?restaurant.
13.A)?It?is?sponsored?by?local?restaurants.
B)?It?specializes?in?food?advertizing.
C)?It?is?especially?popular?with?the?young.
D)?It?provides?information?on?local?events.
14.A)?They?design?a?special?set?of?menus?for?themselves.
B)?They?treat?themselves?to?various?entertainments.
C)?They?go?to?eat?at?different?stylish?restaurants.
D)?They?participate?in?a?variety?of?social?events.
15.A)?More?restaurants?will?join?Restaurant?Week.
B)?This?year’s?Restaurant?Week?will?start?soon.
C)?Bigger?discounts?will?be?offered?this?Restaurant?Week.
D)?More?types?of?food?will?be?served?this?Restaurant?Week.

Section?C?Passage
Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?three?passages。?At?the?end?of?each?passage,?you?will?hear?three?or?four?questions。?Both?the?passage?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once。?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),B),Cand?D)。Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

 

Questions?16?to?18?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.
16.A)?Rewarding?them?for?eating?vegetables.
B)?Exposing?them?to?vegetables?repeatedly.
C)?Improving?the?taste?of?vegetable?dishes?for?them.
D)?Explaining?the?benefits?of?eating?vegetables?to?them.
17.A)?They?were?disliked?most?by?children.
B)?They?were?considered?most?nutritious.
C)?They?were?least?used?in?Belgian?cooking.
D)?They?were?essential?to?children’s?health.
18.A)?Vegetables?differ?in?their?nutritional?value.
B)?Children’s?eating?habits?can?be?changed.
C)?Parents?watch?closely?what?children?eat.
D)?Children’s?choices?of?food?vary?greatly.

Questions?19?to?21?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.
19.A)?Space?exploration?has?serious?consequences.
B)?India?has?many?space?exploration?programs.
C)?There?is?quite?a?lot?to?learn?about?the?moon.
D)?A?lot?of?garbage?has?been?left?on?the?moon.
20.A)?It?is?costly?to?bring?back.
B)?It?is?risky?to?destroy.
C)?It?is?of?no?use?on?Earth.
D)?It?is?damaged?by?radiation.
21.A)?Record?details?of?space?exploration.
B)?Monitor?the?change?of?lunar?weather.
C)?Study?the?effect?of?radiation?and?vacuum?on?its?materials.
D)?Explore?the?possibility?of?human?settlement?on?the?moon.

Questions?22?to?25?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.
22.A)?It?is?likely?to?remain?a?means?of?business?communication.
B)?It?is?likely?to?be?a?competitor?of?various?messaging?apps.
C)?It?will?gradually?be?replaced?by?social?media.
D)?It?will?have?to?be?governed?by?specific?rules.
28.A)?Save?the?message?in?their?file.
B)?Make?a?timely?response.
C)?Examine?the?information?carefully.
D)?See?if?any?action?needs?to?be?taken.
24.A)?It?is?to?be?passed?on.
B)?It?is?mostly?junk.
C)?It?requires?no?reply.
D)?It?causes?no?concern.
25.A)?Make?it?as?short?as?possible.
B)?Use?simple?and?clear?language.
C)?Adopt?an?informal?style?of?writing.
D)?Avoid?using?capitals?for?emphasis.

2018年12月英语四级听力真题:第2套阅读

Part?III?Reading?Comprehension?(40?minutes)
Section?A

Directions:?In?this?section,?there?is?a?passage?with?ten?blanks.?You?are?required?to?select?one?word?for?each?blank?from?a?list?of?choices?given?in?a?word?bank?following?the?passage.?Read?the?passage?through?carefully?before?making?your?choices.?Each?choice?in?the?bank?is?identified?by?a?letter.?Please?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.?You?may?not?use?any?of?the?words?in?the?bank?more?than?once.www.hyundaipaint.com

Have?you?ever?used?email?to?apologize?to?a?colleague??Delivered?a?__26__?to?a?subordinate(属下)with?a?voicemail?message??Flown?by?plane?across?the?country?just?to?deliver?important?news?in?person??The?various?communication?options?at?our?fingertips?today?can?be?good?for?__27__?and?productivityand?at?the?same?time?very?troublesome.?With?so?many?ways?to?communicate,?how?should?a?manager?choose?the?one?that’s?best— __28__?when?the?message?to?be?delivered?is?bad?or?unwelcome?news?for?the?recipient??We’ve?__29__?business?communication?consultants?and?etiquette(礼节)experts?to?come?up?with?the?following?guidelines?for?__30__?using?the?alternative?ways?of?delivering?difficult?messages.

First?of?all,?choose?how?personal?you?want?to?be.?A?facetoface?communication?is?the?most?__31__.?Other?choices,?in?descending?order?of?personalization,?are;?a?realtime?phone?call,?a?voicemail?message,?a?handwritten?note,?a?typewritten?letter,?and?the?most?__32__?is?email.?Some?of?these?may?change?order?according?to?the?__33__?situation?or?your?own?preferences;?for?example,?a?handwritten?note?might?seem?more?personal?than?voicemail.?How?do?you?decide?on?the?best?choice?for?the?difficult?message?you’ve?got?to?deliver? “My?__34__?concern?is:?How?can?I?soften?or?civilize?this?message?”?says?etiquette?expert?Dana?Casperson. “So?when?I?apologize,?usually?choose?inperson?first,?or?a?phone?conversation?as?my?top?alternative,?and?maybe?a?handwritten?note?next.?Apologizing?by?email?is?something?I?now?totally?__35__.”

Aavoid
Bconvenience
Ceffectively
Descape
Eintimate
Fparticularly
Gprimary
Hprompt
Ireward
Jsilent
Kspecific
Lsurveyed
Munfriendly
Nwarning
Owitnessed

Section?B
Directions:?In?this?section,?you?are?going?to?read?a?passage?with?ten?statements?attached?to?it.?Each?statement?contains?information?given?in?one?of?the?paragraphs?Identify?the?paragraph?from?which?the?information?is?derived.?You?may?choose?a?paragraph?more?than?once.?Each?paragraph?is?marked?with?a?letter.?Answer?the?questions?by?marking?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2.

 

How?a?PoorAbandoned?Parisian?Boy?Became?a?Top?Chef

A)?The?busy?streets?in?Paris?were?uneven?and?caked?in?thick?mud,?but?there?was?always?a?breathtaking?sight?to?see?in?the?shop?windows?of?Patisserie?de?la?Rue?de?la?Paix.?By?1814,?people?crowded?outside?the?bakery,?straining?for?a?glimpse?of?the?latest?sweet?food?created?by?the?young?chef?who?worked?inside.

B)?His?name?was?MarieAntoine?Carême,?and?he?had?appeared,?one?day,?almost?out?of?nowhere.?But?in?his?short?lifetime,?which?ended?exactly?184?years?ago?today,?he?would?forever?revolutionize?French?gourmet?food(美食),?write?bestselling?cook?books?and?think?up?magical?dishes?for?royals?and?other?important?people.

C)?Carême’s?childhood?was?one?part?tragedy,?equal?part?mystery.?Born?the?16th?child?to?poor?parents?in?Paris?in?either?1783?or?1784,?a?young?Carême?was?suddenly?abandoned?at?the?height?of?the?French?Revolution.?At?8?years?old,?he?worked?as?a?kitchen?boy?for?a?restaurant?in?Paris?in?exchange?for?room?and?board.?By?age?15,?he?had?become?an?apprentice(学徒)to?Sylvain?Bailly,?a?wellknown?dessert?chef?with?a?successful?bakery?in?one?of?Paris’s?most?fashionable?neighborhoods.

D)?Carême?was?quick?at?learning?in?the?kitchen.?Bailly?encouraged?his?young?apprentice?to?learn?to?read?and?write.?Carême?would?often?spend?his?free?afternoons?at?the?nearby?National?Library?reading?books?on?art?and?architecture.?In?the?back?room?of?the?little?bakery,?his?interest?in?design?and?his?baking?talent?combined?to?work?wondershe?shaped?delicious?masterpieces?out?of?flour,?butter?and?sugar.

E)?In?his?teenage?years,?Carême?fashioned?eatable?copies?of?the?late?18th?century’s?most?famous?buildingscookies?in?the?shape?of?ruins?of?ancient?Athens?and?pies?in?the?shape?of?ancient?Chinese?palaces?and?temples.?Sylvain?Bailly,?his?master,?displayed?these?luxuriant?creationsoften?as?large?as?4?feet?tallin?his?bakery?windows.

F)?Carême’s?creations?soon?captured?the?discriminating?eye?of?a?French?diplomat,?Charles?Maurice?de

TalleyrandPerigord.?Around?1804,?Talleyrand?challenged?Carême?to?produce?a?full?menu?for?his?personal?castle,?instructing?the?young?baker?to?use?local,?seasonal?fruits?and?vegetables?and?to?avoid?repeating?main?dishes?over?the?course?of?an?entire?year.?The?experiment?was?a?grand?success?and?Talleyrand’s?association?with?French?nobility?would?prove?a?profitable?connection?for?Carême.

G)?French?Emperor?Napoleon?Bonaparte?was?known?to?be?unimpressed?by?the?declining?taste?of?early

18th?century?cooking,?but?under?pressure?to?entertain?Paris’s?high?society,?he?too?called?Carême?to?his?kitchen?at?Tuileries?Palace.?In?1810,?Carême?designed?the?extraordinary?cake?for?the?wedding?of?Napoleon?and?his?second?bride,?MarieLouise?of?Austria.?He?became?one?of?the?first?modern?chefs?to?focus?on?the?appearance?of?his?table,?not?just?the?flavor?of?his?dishes. “I?want?order?and?taste.?A?welldisplayed?meal?is?enhanced?one?hundred?percent?in?my?eyes,”?he?later?wrote?in?one?of?his?cook?books.

H)?In?1816,?Carême?began?a?culinary(烹调的)journey?which?would?forever?mark?his?place?as?history’s?first?top?chef.?He?voyaged?to?England?to?cook?in?the?modern?Great?Kitchen?of?the?prince?regent(摄政王),?George?IV,?and?crossed?continents?to?prepare?grand?banquets?for?the?tables?of?Tsar?Alexander?I?of?Russia.?Never?afraid?to?talk?up?his?own?accomplishments,?a?boastful?Carême?made?a?fortune?as?wealthy?families?with?social?ambitions?invited?him?to?their?kitchens.?Later,?in?his?cook?books,?he?would?often?include?a?sketch?of?himself,?so?that?people?on?the?street?would?be?able?to?recognizeand?admirehim.

I)?Carême’s?cooking?displays?became?the?symbol?of?fine?French?dining;?they?were?plentiful,?beautiful?and?imposing.?Guests?would?fall?silent?in?wonder?as?servants?carried?Carême’s?fancy?creations?into?the?dining?hall.?For?a?banquet?celebrating?the?Grand?Duke?Nicholas?of?Russia’s?visit?to?George?IV’s?Brighton?Pavillion?on?Jan. 18, 1817,?the?menu?featured?120?different?dishes,?highlighting?eight?different?soups, 40?main?courses,?and?32?desserts.

J)?As?he?traveled?through?the?homes?of?early?19th?century?nobility,?Carême?forged?the?new?art?of?French?gourmet?food.?Locked?in?hot?kitchens,?Carême?created?his?four?“mother?sauces.”?These?saucesbéchamel,?velouté,?espagnole?and?allemandeformed?the?central?building?blocks?for?many?French?main?courses.?He?also?perfected?the?soufflé-a?baked?egg?dish,?and?introduced?the?standard?chef’s?uniformthe?same?doublebreasted?white?coat?and?tall?white?hat?still?worn?by?many?chefs?today.?The?white?clothing?conveyed?an?image?of?cleanliness,?according?to?Carêmeand?in?his?realm,?appearance?was?everything.

K)?Between?meals,?Carême?wrote?cook?books?that?would?be?used?in?European?kitchens?for?the?next?century.?His?manuals?including?The?Royal?Parisian?Baker?and?the?massive?fivevolume?Art?of?French?Cooking?Series?(1833-1847,?completed?after?his?death)?first?systematized?many?basic?principles?of?cooking,?complete?with?drawings?and?stepbystep?directions.?Long?before?television?cooking?shows,?Carême?walked?readers?through?common?kitchen?tasks,?instructing?them?to?“try?this?for?yourself,?at?home”?as?famous?American?Chef?Julia?Child?might?do,?many?years?later.

L)?In?the?end,?however,?it?was?the?kitchen?that?did?Carême?in.?Decades?of?working?over?coal?fires?in?tight,?closed?spaces?with?little?fresh?air?(to?ensure?his?dishes?would?not?get?cold)?had?fatally?damaged?his?lungs.?On?Jan.12, 1883,?Carême?died?just?before?he?turned?50.www.hyundaipaint.com

M)?But?in?his?lifetime,?Carême,?ever?confident,?could?see?beyond?his?short?domination?in?the?kitchen.

He?wanted?to?“set?the?standard?for?beauty?in?classical?and?modern?cooking,?and?prove?to?the?distant?future?that?the?French?chefs?of?the?19th?century?were?the?most?famous?in?the?world,”?as?he?wrote?in?his?papers.

N)?Decades?later,?chef?Auguste?Escoffier?would?build?upon?Carême’s?concept?of?French?cuisine(烹调).But?in?the?very?beginning,?there?was?just?Carême,?the?top?chef?who?elevated?dining?into?art.

36.?Carême?was?among?the?first?chefs?who?stressed?both?the?appearance?and?flavor?of?dishes.
37.?Carême?wanted?to?show?to?later?generations?that?French?chefs?of?his?time?were?most?outstanding?in?the?world.
38.?Carême?benefited?greatly?from?serving?a?French?diplomat?and?his?connections.
39.?Carême?learned?his?trade?from?a?famous?dessert?chef?in?Paris.
40.?Carême’s?creative?works?were?exhibited?in?the?shop?windows?by?his?master.
41.?Carême’s?knowledge?of?art?and?architecture?helped?him?create?extraordinary?desserts?out?of?ordinary?ingredients.
42 .?Many?people?in?Paris?were?eager?to?have?a?look?at?the?latest?sweet?food?made?by?Carême.
43.?Carême?became?extremely?wealthy?by?cooking?for?rich?and?socially?ambitious?families.
44.?Carême’s?writings?dealt?with?fundamental?cooking?principles?in?a?systematic?way.
45.?Carême’s?contribution?to?French?cooking?was?revolutionary.

Section?C

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?a?passage?three?times.?When?the?passage?is?read?for?the?first?timeyou?should?listen?carefully?for?its?general?idea.When?the?passage?is?read?for?the?second?timeyou?are?required?to?fill?in?the?blanks?with?the?exact?words?you?have?just?heard.?Finallywhen?the?passage?is?read?for?the?third?timeyou?should?check?what?you?have?written.

Passage?One
Questions?46?to?50?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

Roughly?the?size?of?a?soda?can,?sitting?on?a?bookshelf,?a?relatively?harmless?gadget?may?be?turning?friends?away?from?your?home.?The?elephant?in?your?living?room?is?your?Internetconnected?security?camera,?a?device?people?are?increasingly?using?for?peace?of?mind?in?their?homes.?But?few?stop?to?think?about?the?effect?these?devices?may?have?on?house?guests.?Should?you?tell?your?friends,?for?instance,?that?they’re?being?recorded?while?you?all?watch?the?big?game?together?

It’s?certainly?new?territory,?especially?as?home?security?cameras?become?easier?to?install, “says?Lizzie?Post,?president?of?the?Emily?Post?Institute,?America’s?foremost?manners?advisors. “I?think?it?will?be?very?interesting?to?see?what?etiquette(礼节)emerges?in?terms?of?whether?you?tell?people?you?have?a?camera?or?not,?and?whether?guests?have?a?right?to?ask?that?it?be?turned?off,?if?it’s?not?a?security?issue.”

Post?wants?to?make?clear?that?she’s?not?talking?about?legal?rights,?but?rather?personal?preferences.?She?also?wants?to?explain?that?there?are?no?right?or?wrong?answers?regarding?manners?on?this?front?yet,?because?the?technology?is?just?now?becoming?mainstream.?Besides,?the?Emily?Post?Institute?doesn’t?dictate?manners.

When?it?comes?to?security?cameras,?Post?says?it’s?a?host’s?responsibility?to?make?sure?guests?feel?comfortable?within?their?home. “I’m?always?a?fan?of?being?open?and?honest.”?For?instance,?if?the?host?casually?acknowledges?that?there?is?a?camera?in?the?room?by?telling?a?story?about?it,?that?may?be?enough?to?provide?an?opening?for?a?guest?to?say?if?they?are?uncomfortable.

However,?if?a?contractor?is?working?in?your?home,?you?don’t?need?to?tell?them?that?there?are?cameras?watching.?Then?again,?the?air?of?accountability?that?the?camera?generates?can?also?work?in?contractors’?favor. “If?anything?does?go?wrong?while?they’re?in?the?house,?they?don’t?want?to?be?blamed?for?it,”?she?says. “In?fact,?the?camera?could?be?the?thing?that?proves?that?they?didn’t?steal?the?$20,?or?knock?the?vase?off?the?table.”

46.?For?what?reason?may?your?friends?feel?reluctant?to?visit?your?home?
A)?The?security?camera?installed?may?intrude?into?their?privacy.
B)?They?don’t?want?their?photos?to?be?circulated?on?the?Internet.
C)?The?security?camera?may?turn?out?to?be?harmful?to?their?health.
D)?They?may?not?be?willing?to?interact?with?your?family?members.
47.?What?does?Lizzie?Post?say?is?new?territory?
A)?The?effect?of?manners?advice?on?the?public.
B)?Cost?of?applying?new?technologies?at?home.
C)?The?increasing?use?of?home?security?devices.
D)?Etiquette?around?home?security?cameras.
48.?What?is?Lizzie?Post?mainly?discussing?with?regard?to?the?use?of?home?security?cameras?
A)?Legal?rights.
B)?Moral?issues.
C)?Likes?and?dislikes?of?individuals.
D)?The?possible?impact?on?manners.
49.?What?is?a?host’s?responsibility?regarding?security?cameras,?according?to?Lizzie?Post?
A)?Making?their?guests?feel?at?ease.
B)?Indicating?where?they?are.
C)?Turning?them?off?in?time.
D)?Ensuring?their?guests’?privacy.
50.?In?what?way?can?the?home?security?camera?benefit?visitors?to?your?home?
A)?It?can?satisfy?their?curiosity.
B)?It?can?prove?their?innocence.
C)?It?can?help?them?learn?new?technology.
D)?It?can?make?their?visit?more?enjoyable.

Passage?Two
Questions?51?to?55?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

PepsiCo?is?to?spend?billions?of?dollars?to?develop?drinks?and?snacks?and?reformulate?existing?ones?with?lower?sugar,?salt?and?fat,?as?consumers?demand?healthier?options?and?regulatory?pressure?intensifies?amid?an?obesity?epidemic(盛行病).

The?maker?of?Mountain?Dew?and?Gatorade?has?been?one?of?the?earlier?movers?in?the?industry?to?offer?products?with?reduced?levels?of?unhealthy?ingredientsPepsiCo?claims?a?packet?of?its?chips?now?contains?less?salt?than?a?slice?of?white?bread.?However,?its?new?10-year?plan?makes?clear?it?believes?it?still?has?a?long?way?to?go.

Shifting?eating?habits,?including?a?sharp?drop?in?consumption?of?sparkling?drinks,?have?forced?radical?change?on?the?industry.?But?those?shifts?have?yet?to?be?reflected?in?record?obesity?levels,?which?stand?at?36.5%overall?in?the?US.

Indra?Nooyi,?PepsiCo?chairman,?said?the?plan?to?make?its?products?healthier?was?important?for?the?company’s?growth.?But?on?the?subject?of?obesity,?she?pointed?out?that?consumers’?lifestyles?have?changed?significantly,?with?many?people?being?more?sedentary(久坐不动的)not?least?because?more?time?is?spent?in?front?of?computers.?She?said?PepsiCo’s?contribution?was?to?produce?healthier?snacks?that?still?tasted?good.

Society?has?to?change?its?habits,”?she?added. “We?can’t?do?much?to?alter?sedentary?lifestyles,?but?we?can?provide?consumers?with?greattasting?products,?low?in?salt,?sugar?and?fat.?In?the?past?we?had?to?have?a?taste?tradeoff.?But?we’re?breaking?that?tradeoff.”

PepsiCo’s?plan?for?its?foods?and?drinks?is?based?on?guidelines?from?the?World?Health?Organisation,?which?last?week?backed?using?taxes?on?sparkling?drinks?to?reduce?sugar?consumption.?Initiatives?also?include?efforts?to?reduce?its?environmental?impact,?water?consumption?and?materials?used?in?packaging?by?2025.

PepsiCo?did?not?say?exactly?how?much?it?planned?to?invest?to?reach?its?goals.?However,?Dr?Mehmood?Khan,?chief?scientific?officer,?said?the?company?had?doubled?research?and?development?spending?in?the?past?five?years?and?was?“committed?to?sustaining?investment“,?adding?that?companies?cannot?costcut?their?way?to?increasing?sales.?PepsiCo’s?research?and?development?budget?in?2015?was?$754?million.

51.?Why?is?PepsiCo?making?a?policy?change?
A)?To?win?support?from?the?federal?government.
B)?To?be?more?competitive?in?the?global?market.
C)?To?satisfy?the?growing?needs?for?healthy?foods.
D)?To?invest?more?wisely?in?the?soft?drink?industry.
52.?What?does?PepsiCo?think?it?will?have?to?do?in?the?future?
A)?Invest?more?to?develop?new?snacks.
B)?Reduce?levels?of?obesity?in?the?US.
C)?Change?consumers’?eating?habits.
D)?Keep?on?improving?its?products.
58.?Why?does?PepsiCo?plan?to?alter?its?products,?according?to?Indra?Nooyi?
A)?To?ensure?the?company’s?future?development.
B)?To?adapt?to?its?customers’?changed?taste.
C)?To?help?improve?its?consumers’?lifestyles.
D)?To?break?the?tradeoff?in?its?product?design.
54.?What?does?Indra?Nooyi?say?about?the?obesity?epidemic?
A)?It?is?mainly?caused?by?overconsumption?of?snacks.
B)?It?results?from?high?sugar?and?salt?consumption.
C)?It?is?attributable?to?people’s?changed?lifestyles.
D)?It?has?a?lot?to?do?with?longer?working?hours.
55.What?has?PepsiCo?been?doing?to?achieve?its?objective?
A)?Studying?WHO’s?guidelines.
B)?Increasing?its?research?funding.
C)?Expanding?its?market?overseas.
D)?Cutting?its?production?costs.

2018年12月英语四级听力真题:第2套翻译

Part?Ⅳ?Translation?(30?minutes)

Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?translate?a?passage?from?Chinese?into?English.?You?should?write?your?answer?on?Answer?Sheet?2.

越来越多的中国人此刻的确离不开手机了。他们中的很多人,搜罗老年人,都使用手机应用法度榜样(apps)保持联系并拓宽伴侣圈。他们也用手机购物、查找信息,因为手机便于携带。别的,使用手机应用法度榜样通信比传统德律风便宜。但是,这种新趋势致使人们在社交时过度依靠手机。事实上,一些年青人已经变得十分上瘾,以至于忽视了与家人和伴侣面对面的交换。

2018年12月四级部分真题参考答案(完整版)

Part?Ⅰ?Writing

The?Challenges?of?Studying?Abroad

As?is?universally?acknowledged,?it?is?by?no?means?easy?to?study?abroad?②?since?you?could?come?across?a?list?of?unexpected?difficulties?and?setbacks?which?you?cannot?imagine?before?going?abroad.

First?of?all,?the?top?challenge?is?the?culture?shock,?which?means?you?may?not?adapt?to?the?exotic?life?during?the?first?few?days?or?even?months.www.hyundaipaint.com ④?secondly,?the?language?barrier?could?be?a?nightmare?for?many?foreign?students?who?possess?poor?mastery?of?the?official?language?of?the?country?where?they?study.⑤?Last?but?not?least,?you?could?be?overwhelmed?by?the?academic?requirements?if?you?are?not?well?prepared.?Long?lists?of?reference?books,?numerous?projects,?papers?and?professors?with?varying?personalities?could?wear?you?out.

⑥?Despite?all?these?terrifying?challenges,?you?will?finally?manage?to?come?through?this?“dark?age”?with?your?hard?work,?persistence?and?endurance.?And?then?a?bright?future?will?await?you.

Part?Ⅱ?Listening?Comprehension

1.?A
2.?C
3.?B
4.?D
5.?D
6.?B
7.?C
8.?D
9.?A
10.?C
11.?A
12.?B
13.?D
14.?C
15.?B
16.?B
17.?A
18.?B
19.?D
20.?A
21.?C
22.?A
23.?B
24.?C
25.?D

Part?III?Reading?Comprehension

26-35:NBFLC?EMKGA
36-45:GMFCE?DAHKB
46-55:ADCAB?CDACB

Part?IV?Translation

It?is?a?fact?that?more?and?more?Chinese?can?hardly?live?without?their?mobile?phones?nowadays.?Many?of?them,?including?senior?citizens,?use?mobile?apps?to?keep?in?touch?with?others?and?expand?their?circles?of?friends.?They?also?use?mobile?phones?to?shop?online?and?search?for?information?because?they?are?portable.?What’s?more,?communication?through?mobile?apps?costs?less?than?traditional?phone?calls.?However,?this?new?trend?results?in?the?overreliance?on?mobile?phones?when?people?are?socializing.?As?a?matter?of?fact,?some?young?people?have?become?so?addicted?to?mobile?phones?that?they?have?neglected?the?facetoface?communication?with?their?family?and?friends.

原创文┞仿,作者:刘青,如若转载,请注明出处:/127049.html

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