2017年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第二套听力及答案解析

2017年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第二套听力及答案解析

2017年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题写作第二套:

Part?I?Writing?(30?minutes)
Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?write?an?advertisement?on?your?campus?website?to?sell?a?you?used?at?college.?Your?advertisement?may?include?its?brand,?specifications/features,?condition?and?price,?and?your?contact?information.?You?should?write?at?least?120?words?but?no?more?than?180?words.

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2017年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第二套听力及答案解析

2017年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题听力第二套:

Section?A

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?three?news?reports.?At?the?end?of?each?news?report,?you?will?hear?two?or?three?questions.?Both?the?news?report?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once.?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A,?B,?C?and?D.?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre./

Questions?1?and?2?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.

1.?A)?The?majority?of?drivers?prefer?to?drive?and?park?themselves.
B)?Human?drivers?become?easily?distracted?or?tired?while?driving.
C)?Most?drivers?feel?uncertain?about?the?safety?of?selfdriving?cars.
D)?Most?drivers?have?test?driven?cars?with?automatic?braking?features.
2.?A)?Their?drivers?would?feel?safe?after?getting?used?to?the?automatic?devices.
B)?They?would?be?unpopular?with?drivers?who?only?trust?their?own?skills.
C)?Their?increased?comfort?levels?have?boosted?their?sales.
D)?They?are?not?actually?as?safe?as?automakers?advertise.

Questions?3?and?4?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.

3.?A)?Thefts?of?snowmobile?dogs?in?Alaska.
B)?A?series?of?injuries?to?snowmobile?drivers.
C)?Attacks?on?some?Iditarod?Race?competitors.
D)?A?serious?accident?in?the?Alaska?sports?event.
4.?A)?He?stayed?behind?to?look?after?his?injured?dogs.
B)?He?has?won?the?Alaska?Iditarod?Race?four?times.
C)?He?received?a?minor?injury?in?the?Iditarod?Race.
D)?He?has?quit?the?competition?in?Alaska?for?good.

Questions?5?to?7?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.

5.?A)?It?sank?into?the?sea?due?to?overloading.
B)?It?ran?into?Nicaragua’s?Big?Corn?Island.
C)?It?disappeared?between?two?large?islands.
D)?It?turned?over?because?of?strong?winds.
6.?A) 13.
B) 25.
C) 30.
D) 32.
7.?A)?He?has?helped?with?the?rescue?effort.
B)?He?is?being?investigated?by?the?police.
C)?He?was?drowned?with?the?passengers.
D)?He?is?among?those?people?missing.

Section?B

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?two?long?conversations.?At?the?end?of?each?conversation,?you?will?hear?four?questions.?Both?the?conversation?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once.?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A,?B,?C?and?D.?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Questions?8?to?11?are?based?on?the?conversation?you?have?just?heard.

8.?A)?At?a?shopping?centre.
B)?At?a?community?college.
C)?At?an?accountancy?firm.
D)?At?an?IT?company.
9.?A)?Helping?out?with?data?input.
B)?Arranging?interviews.
C)?Sorting?application?forms.
D)?Making?phone?calls.
10.?A)?He?enjoys?using?computers.
B)?He?needs?the?money?badly.
C)?He?wants?to?work?in?the?city?centre.
D)?He?has?relevant?working?experience.
11.?A)?Purchase?some?business?suits.
B)?Learn?some?computer?language.
C)?Improve?his?programming?skills.
D)?Review?some?accountancy?terms.

Questions?12?to?15?are?based?on?the?conversation?you?have?just?heard.

12.?A)?They?are?keen?on?high?technology.
B)?They?are?poor?at?technology?skills.
C)?They?often?listen?to?National?Public?Radio.
D)?They?feel?superior?in?science?and?technology.
13.?A)?Japanese.
B)?Germans.
C)?Poles.
D)?Americans.
14.?A)?Emailing.
B)?Texting.
C)?Science.
D)?Literacy.
15.?A)?It?is?undergoing?a?drastic?reform.
B)?It?lays?emphasis?on?creative?thinking.
C)?It?has?much?room?for?improvement.
D)?It?prioritizes?training?of?practical?skills.

Section?C

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?three?passages.?At?the?end?of?each?passage,?you?will?hear?three?or?four?questions.?Both?the?passage?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once.?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A,?B,?C?and?D.?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre./

Questions?16?to?18?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.

16.?A)?They?have?small?roots.
B)?They?grow?white?flowers.
C)?They?taste?like?apples.
D)?They?come?from?Central?Africa.
17.?A)?They?turned?from?white?to?purple?in?color.
B)?They?became?popular?on?the?world?market.
C)?They?became?an?important?food?for?humans.
D)?They?began?to?look?like?modernday?carrots.
18.?A)?They?were?found?quite?nutritious.
B)?There?were?serious?food?shortages.
C)?People?discovered?their?medicinal?value.
D)?Farm?machines?helped?lower?their?prices.

Questions?19?to?21?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.

19.?A)?She?could?update?her?family?any?time?she?liked.
B)?She?could?call?up?her?family?whenever?she?liked
C)?She?could?locate?her?friends?wherever?they?were.
D)?She?could?download?as?many?pictures?as?she?liked.
20.?A)?She?liked?to?inform?her?friends?about?her?success.
B)?She?enjoyed?reading?her?friends’?status?updates.
C)?She?felt?quite?popular?among?them.
D)?She?felt?she?was?a?teenager?again.
21.?A)?She?could?barely?respond?to?all?her?500?Facebook?friends.
B)?She?spent?more?time?updating?her?friends?than?her?family.
C)?She?could?barely?balance?Facebook?updates?and?her?work.
D)?She?didn’t?seem?to?be?doing?as?well?as?her?Facebook?friends.

Questions?22?to?25?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.

22.?A)?They?have?strong?muscles.
B)?They?live?a?longer?life?than?horses.
C)?They?eat?much?less?in?winter.
D)?They?can?work?longer?than?donkeys.
23.?A)?It?was?a?pet?of?a?Spanish?king.
B)?It?was?bought?by?George?Washington.
C)?It?was?brought?over?from?Spain.
D)?It?was?donated?by?a?U.S.?Ambassador.
24.?A)?They?met?and?exchanged?ideas?on?animal?breeding.
B)?They?participated?in?a?muledriving?competition.
C)?They?showed?and?traded?animals?in?the?market.
D)?They?fed?mules?with?the?best?food?they?could?find.
25.?A)?The?wider?use?of?horses.
B)?The?arrival?of?tractors.
C)?A?shrinking?animal?trade.
D)?A?growing?donkey?population.

2017年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题听力答案第二套:

1.?C.Most?drivers?feel?uncertain?about?the?safety?of?selfdriving?cars.
2.?A.Their?drivers?would?feel?safe?after?getting?used?to?the?automatic?devices.
3.?C.Attacks?on?some?Iditarod?race?competitors.
4.?B.He?has?won?the?Alaska?Iditarod?Race?four?times.
5.?D.It?turned?over?because?of?strong?winds.
6.?D.32.
7.?B.He?is?being?investigated?by?the?police.
8.?C.At?an?accountancy?firm.
9.?A.Helping?out?with?data?input.
10.?B.He?needs?the?money?badly.
11.?D.Review?some?accountancy?terms.
12.?B.They?are?poor?at?technology?skills.
13.?A.Japanese.
14.?D.Literacy.
15.?C.It?has?much?room?for?improvement.
16.?A.They?have?small?roots.
17.?D.They?began?to?look?like?modernday?carrots.
18.?B.There?were?serious?food?shortages.
19.?A.She?could?update?her?family?any?time?she?liked.
20.?B.She?enjoyed?reading?her?friends’?status?updates.
21.?D.She?didn’t?seem?to?be?doing?as?well?as?her?Facebook?friends.
22.?A.They?have?strong?muscles.
23.?C.It?was?brought?over?from?Spain.
24.?C.They?showed?and?traded?animals?in?the?market.
25.?B.The?arrival?of?tractors.

2017年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题阅读第二套:

Part?III?Reading?Comprehension?(40?minutes)
Section?A

Directions:?In?this?section,?there?is?a?passage?with?ten?blanks.?You?are?required?to?select?one?word?for?each?blank?from?a?list?of?choices?given?in?a?word?bank?following?the?passage.?Read?the?passage?through?carefully?before?making?your?choices.?Each?choice?in?the?bank?is?identified?by?a?letter.?Please?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.?You?may?not?use?any?of?the?words?in?the?bank?more?than?once.

As?if?you?needed?another?reason?to?hate?the?gym,?it?now?turns?out?that?exercise?can?exhaust?not?only?your?muscles,?but?also?your?eyes.?Fear?not,?however,?for?coffee?can?stimulate?them?again.?During?__26__?exercise,?our?muscles?tire?as?they?run?out?of?fuel?and?build?up?waste?products.?Muscle?performance?can?also?be?affected?by?a?__27__?called?“central?fatigue,”?in?which?an?imbalance?in?the?body’s?chemical?messengers?prevents?the?central?nervous?system?from?directing?muscle?movements?__28__.?It?was?not?known,?however,?whether?central?fatigue?might?also?affect?motor?systems?not?directly?__29__?in?the?exercise?itself,?such?as?those?that?move?the?eyes.?To?find?out,?researchers?gave?11?volunteer?cyclists?a?carbohydrate?(碳水化合物的)__30__?either?with?a?moderate?dose?of?caffeine?(咖啡因),which?is?known?to?stimulate?the?central?nervous?system,?or?as?a?placebo?(快慰剂)without,?during?3?hours?of?__31__.?After?exercising,?the?scientists?tested?the?cyclists?with?eyetracking?cameras?to?see?how?well?their?brains?could?still?__32__?their?visual?system.?The?team?found?that?exercise?reduced?the?speed?of?rapid?eye?movements?by?about?8%, __33__?their?ability?to?capture?new?visual?information.?The?caffeine,?the?equivalent?of?two?strong?cups?of?coffee,?was?__34__?to?reverse?this?effect,?with?some?cyclists?even?displaying?__35__?eye?movement?speeds.?So?it?might?be?a?good?idea?to?get?someone?else?to?drive?you?home?after?that?marathon.

A)?cautiously?B)?commit?C)?control?D)?cycling?E)?effectively?F)?increased?G)?involved?H)?limited?I)?phenomenon?J)?preventing?K)?sensitive?L)?slowing?M)?solution?N)?sufficient?O)?vigorous

Section?B
Directions:?In?this?section,?you?are?going?to?read?a?passage?with?ten?statements?attached?to?it.?Each?statement?contains?information?given?in?one?of?the?paragraphs?Identify?the?paragraph?from?which?the?information?is?derived.?You?may?choose?a?paragraph?more?than?once.?Each?paragraph?is?marked?with?a?letter.?Answer?the?questions?by?marking?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2.

Team?spirit

ATeams?have?become?the?basic?building?blocks?of?organisations.?Recruitment?advertisements?routinely?call?for?“team?players“.?Business?schools?grade?their?students?in?part?on?their?performance?in?group?projects.?Office?managers?knock?down?walls?to?encourage?team?building.?Teams?are?as?old?as?civilisation,?of?course:?even?Jesus?had?12?coworkers.?But?a?new?report?by?Deloitte, “Global?Human?Capital?Trends“,based?on?a?survey?of?more?than?7,000?executives?in?over?130?countries,?suggests?that?the?fashion?for?teamwork?has?reached?a?new?high.?Almost?half?of?those?surveyed?said?their?companies?were?either?in?the?middle?of?restructuring?or?about?to?embark?on?(最先)it;?and?for?the?most?part,?restructuring?meant?putting?more?emphasis?on?teams.

BCompanies?are?abandoning?conventional?functional?departments?and?organising?employees?into?cross–?disciplinary?teams?that?focus?on?particular?products,?problems?or?customers.?These?teams?are?gaining?more?power?to?run?their?own?affairs.?They?are?also?spending?more?time?working?with?each?other?rather?than?reporting?upwards.?Deloitte?argues?that?a?new?organisational?form?is?on?the?rise:?a?network?of?teams?is?replacing?the?conventional?hierarchy?(等第系统体例).

CThe?fashion?for?teams?is?driven?by?a?sense?that?the?old?way?of?organising?people?is?too?rigid?for?both?the?modern?marketplace?and?the?expectations?of?employees.?Technological?innovation?places?greater?value?on?agility(矫捷性).?John?Chambers,?chairman?of?Cisco?Systems?Inc.,?a?worldwide?leader?in?electronics?products,?says?that?“we?compete?against?market?transitions(过渡),?not?competitors.?Product?transitions?used?to?take?five?or?seven?years;?now?they?take?one?or?two. ”?Digital?technology?also?makes?it?easier?for?people?to?coordinate?their?activities?without?resorting?to?hierarchy.?The?”?millennials” (千禧一代)who?will?soon?make?up?half?the?workforce?in?rich?countries?were?raised?from?nursery?school?onwards?to?work?in?groups./

DThe?fashion?for?teams?is?also?spreading?from?the?usual?corporate?suspects?(such?as?GE?and?IBM)?to?some?more?unusual?ones.?The?Cleveland?Clinic,?a?hospital?operator,?has?reorganised?its?medical?staff?into?teams?to?focus?on?particular?treatment?areas;?consultants,?nurses?and?others?collaborate?closely?instead?of?being?separated?by?speciality?(专业)and?rank.?The?US?Army?has?gone?the?same?way.?In?his?book,?Team?of?Teams,?General?Stanley?McChrystal?describes?how?the?army’s?hierarchical?structure?hindered?its?operations?during?the?early?stages?of?the?Iraq?war.?His?solution?was?to?learn?something?from?the?rebels?it?was?fighting:?decentralising?authority?to?selforganising?teams.

EA?good?rule?of?thumb?is?that?as?soon?as?generals?and?hospital?administrators?jump?on?a?management?bandwagon?(跟从一种治理潮流),?it?is?time?to?ask?questions.?Leigh?Thompson?of?Kellogg?School?of?Management?in?Illinois?warns?that, “Teams?are?not?always?the?answerteams?may?provide?insight,?creativity?and?knowledge?in?a?way?that?a?person?working?independently?cannot;?but?teamwork?may?also?lead?to?confusion,?delay?and?poor?decisionmaking. ”?The?late?Richard?Hackman?of?Harvard?University?once?argued, “I?have?no?question?that?when?you?have?a?team,?the?possibility?exists?that?it?will?generate?magic,?producing?something?extraordinary?…?But?don’t?count?on?it. ”

FHackman?(who?died?in?2013)?noted?that?teams?are?hindered?by?problems?of?coordination?and?motivation?that?chip?away?at?the?benefits?of?collaboration.?Highflyers?(能干的人)who?are?forced?to?work?in?teams?may?be?undervalued?and?freeriders?empowered.?Groupthink?may?be?unavoidable.?In?a?study?of?120?teams?of?senior?executives,?he?discovered?that?less?than?10%?of?their?supposed?members?agreed?on?who?exactly?was?on?the?team.?If?it?is?hard?enough?to?define?a?team’s?membership,?agreeing?on?its?purpose?is?harder?still.

GProfound?changes?in?the?workforce?are?making?teams?trickier?to?manage.?Teams?work?best?if?their?members?have?a?strong?common?culture.?This?is?hard?to?achieve?when,?as?is?now?the?case?in?many?big?firms,?a?large?proportion?of?staff?are?temporary?contractors.?Teamwork?improves?with?time:?America’s?National?Transportation?Safety?Board?found?that?73%?of?the?incidents?in?its?civilaviation?database?occurred?on?a?crew’s?first?day?of?flying?together.?However,?as?Amy?Edmondson?of?Harvard?points?out,?organisations?increasingly?use?“team”?as?a?verb?rather?than?a?noun:?they?form?teams?for?specific?purposes?and?then?quickly?disband?them.

HThe?least?that?can?be?concluded?from?this?research?is?that?companies?need?to?think?harder?about?managing?teams.?They?need?to?rid?their?minds?of?sentimentalism(豪情用事):the?most?successful?teams?have?leaders?who?are?able?to?set?an?overall?direction?and?take?immediate?action.?They?need?to?keep?teams?small?and?focused:?giving?in?to?pressure?to?be?more?“inclusive”?is?a?guarantee?of?dysfunction.?Jeff?Bezos,?Amazon’s?boss,?says?that?“If?I?see?more?than?two?pizzas?for?lunch,?the?team?is?too?big.”?They?need?to?immunise?teams?against?groupthink:?Hackman?argued?that?the?best?ones?contain?“deviant” (离经叛道者)who?are?willing?to?do?something?that?may?be?upsetting?to?others.

IA?new?study?of?12,000?workers?in?17?countries?by?Steelcase,?a?furnituremaker?which?also?does?consulting,?finds?that?the?best?way?to?ensure?employees?are?“engaged”?is?to?give?them?more?control?over?where?and?how?they?do?their?workwhich?may?mean?liberating?them?from?having?to?do?everything?in?collaboration?with?others.

JHowever,?organisations?need?to?learn?something?bigger?than?how?to?manage?teams?better:?they?need?to?be?in?the?habit?of?asking?themselves?whether?teams?are?the?best?tools?for?the?job.?Teambuilding?skills?are?in?short?supply:?Deloitte?reports?that?only?12%?of?the?executives?they?contacted?feel?they?understand?the?way?people?work?together?in?networks?and?only?21%?feel?confident?in?their?ability?to?build?crossfunctional?teams.?Loosely?managed?teams?can?become?hotbeds?of?distractionemployees?routinely?complain?that?they?can’t?get?their?work?done?because?they?are?forced?to?spend?too?much?time?in?meetings?or?compelled?to?work?in?noisy?offices.?Even?in?the?age?of?openplan?offices?and?social?networks?some?work?is?best?left?to?the?individual.

36.Successful?team?leaders?know?exactly?where?the?team?should?go?and?are?able?to?take?prompt?action.

37.Decentralisation?of?authority?was?also?found?to?be?more?effective?in?military?operations.
38.In?many?companies,?the?conventional?form?of?organisation?is?giving?way?to?a?network?of?teams.
39.Members?of?poorly?managed?teams?are?easily?distracted?from?their?work.
40.Teamwork?is?most?effective?when?team?members?share?the?same?culture.
41.According?to?a?report?by?Deloitte,?teamwork?is?becoming?increasingly?popular?among?companies.
42.Some?team?members?find?it?hard?to?agree?on?questions?like?membership?and?the?team’s?purpose.
43.Some?scholars?think?teamwork?may?not?always?be?reliable,?despite?its?potential?to?work?wonders.
44.To?ensure?employees’?commitment,?it?is?advisable?to?give?them?more?flexibility?as?to?where?and?how?they?work.
45.Product?transitions?take?much?less?time?now?than?in?the?past.

Section?C

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?a?passage?three?times.?When?the?passage?is?read?for?the?first?timeyou?should?listen?carefully?for?its?general?idea.When?the?passage?is?read?for?the?second?timeyou?are?required?to?fill?in?the?blanks?with?the?exact?words?you?have?just?heard.?Finallywhen?the?passage?is?read?for?the?third?timeyou?should?check?what?you?have?written.

Passage?One
Questions?46?to?50?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

Shoppers?in?the?UK?are?spending?less?money?on?toilet?paper?to?save?money,?research?has?shown.

Pennypinching?UK?consumers?choose?cheaper?products?from?discounters?such?as?Aldi?and?Lidl?rather?than?luxury?alternatives.

This?has?wiped?6%?off?the?value?of?the?soft?tissue?paper?market?in?the?UK.?It?has?shrunk?from?1.19?billion?pounds?in?2011?to?1.12?billion?pounds?in?2015,?according?to?a?new?report?from?market?research?company?Mintel.?Furthermore,?the?future?of?the?market?looks?far?from?rosy,?with?sales?expected?to?fall?further?to?1.11?billion?pounds?in?2016.

In?the?last?year?alone,?despite?an?increase?in?the?UK?population?and?a?subsequent?rise?in?the?number?of?households,?sales?of?toilet?paper?fell?by?2%,?with?the?average?household?reducing?their?toilet?roll?spending?from?43?pounds?in?2014?to?41?pounds?in?2015.

Overall,?almost?three?in?five?people?say?they?try?to?limit?their?usage?of?paperincluding?facial?tissue?and?kitchen?rollto?save?money. “Strength,?softness?and?thickness?remain?the?leading?indicators?of?toilet?paper?quality,?with?just?a?small?proportion?of?consumers?preferring?more?luxurious?alternatives,?such?as?those?with?flower?patterns?or?perfume,”?said?Mintel?analyst?Jack?Duckett. “These?extra?features?are?deemed?unnecessary?by?the?majority?of?shoppers,?which?probably?reflects?how?these?types?of?products?are?typically?more?expensive?than?regular?toilet?paper,?even?when?on?special?offer.”

While?consumers?are?spending?less?on?toilet?paper,?they?remain?fussyin?theory?at?leastwhen?it?comes?to?paper?quality.?Top?of?Britons’?toilet?paper?wish?list?is?softness?(57%)?followed?by?strength?(45%)?and?thickness?(36%).

One?in?10?buyers?rank?toilet?rolls?made?from?recycled?paper?among?their?top?considerations,?highlighting?how?overall?the?environment?is?much?less?of?a?consideration?for?shoppers?than?product?quality.?In?a?challenge?for?manufacturers, 81%?of?paper?product?users?said?they?would?consider?buying?recycled?toilet?tissue?if?it?were?comparable?in?quality?to?standard?paper.

46.?The?market?sales?of?toilet?paper?have?decreased?because?______.
A.?Britons?have?cut?their?spending?on?it.
B.?its?prices?have?gone?up?over?the?years.
C.?its?quality?has?seen?marked?improvement.
D.?Britons?have?developed?the?habit?of?saving.
47.?What?does?the?author?think?of?the?future?of?the?tissue?paper?market?in?the?UK?
A.?It?will?expand?in?time.
B.?It?will?remain?gloomy.
C.?It?will?experience?ups?and?downs.
D.?It?will?recover?as?population?grows.
48.?What?does?Jack?Duckett?say?about?toilet?paper?
A.?Special?offers?would?promote?its?sales.
B.?Consumers?are?loyal?to?certain?brands.
C.?Luxurious?features?add?much?to?the?price.
D.?Consumers?have?a?variety?to?choose?from.
49.?What?do?we?learn?about?Britons?concerning?toilet?paper?
A.?They?are?particular?about?the?quality?of?toilet?paper.
B.?They?emphasize?the?strength?of?toilet?paper?the?most.
C.?They?prefer?cheap?toilet?paper?to?recycled?toilet?paper.
D.?They?reject?using?toilet?paper?with?unnecessary?features.
50.?What?can?we?infer?from?the?last?paragraph?
A.?More?and?more?Britons?buy?recycled?toilet?paper?to?protect?the?environment.
B.?Toilet?paper?manufacturers?are?facing?a?great?challenge?in?promoting?its?sales.
C.?Toilet?paper?manufacturers?compete?with?one?another?to?improve?product?quality.
D.?Environmental?protection?is?not?much?of?a?concern?when?Britons?buy?toilet?paper.

Passage?Two
Questions?51?to?55?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

One?of?the?reasons?I?find?this?topic?very?interesting?is?because?my?mom?was?a?smoker?when?I?was?younger,”?says?LindsonHawley,?who?studies?tobacco?and?health?at?the?University?of?Oxford.

By?studying?about?700?adult?smokers,?she?found?out?that?her?mom?quit?the?right?wayby?stopping?abruptly?and?completely./

In?her?study,?participants?were?randomly?(随机地)assigned?to?two?groups.?One?had?to?quit?abruptly?on?a?given?day,?going?from?about?a?pack?a?day?to?zero.?The?other?cut?down?gradually?over?the?course?of?two?weeks.?People?in?both?groups?used?nicotine?(尼古丁)patches?before?they?quit,?in?addition?to?a?second?form?of?nicotine?replacement,?like?gum?or?spray.?They?also?had?talk?therapy?with?a?nurse?before?and?after?quit?day.

Six?months?out,?more?people?who?had?quit?abruptly?had?stuck?with?itmore?than?onefifth?of?them,?compared?to?about?oneseventh?in?the?other?group.?Although?these?numbers?appear?low,?it?is?much?higher?than?if?people?try?without?support.

And?the?quit?rates?were?particularly?convincing?given?that?before?the?study?started,?most?of?the?people?had?said?they’d?rather?cut?down?gradually?before?quitting. “If?you’re?training?for?a?marathon,?you?wouldn’t?expect?to?turn?up?and?just?be?able?to?run?it.?And?I?think?people?see?that?for?smoking?as?well.?They?think,?‘Well,?if?I?gradually?reduce,?it’s?like?practice,”?says?LindsonHawley.?But?that?wasn’t?the?case.?Instead?of?giving?people?practice,?the?gradual?reduction?likely?gave?them?cravings?(瘾)and?withdrawal?symptoms?before?they?even?reached?quit?day,?which?could?be?why?fewer?people?in?that?group?actually?made?it?to?that?Point. “Regardless?of?your?stated?preference,?if?you’re?ready?to?quit,?quitting?abruptly?is?more?effective,”?says?Dr.?Gabriela?Ferreira. “When?you?can?quote?a?specific?number?like?a?fifth?of?the?patients?were?able?to?quit,?that’s?compelling.?It?gives?them?the?encouragement,?I?think,?to?really?go?for?it,”?Ferreira?says.

People?rarely?manage?to?quit?the?first?time?they?try.?But?at?least,?she?says,?they?can?maximize?the?odds?of?success.

51.?What?does?LindsonHawley?say?about?her?mother?
A.?She?quit?smoking?with?her?daughter’s?help.
B.?She?succeeded?in?quitting?smoking?abruptly.
C.?She?was?also?a?researcher?of?tobacco?and?health.
D.?She?studied?the?smoking?patterns?of?adult?smokers.

52.?What?kind?of?support?did?smokers?receive?to?quit?smoking?in?LindsonHawley’s?study?
A.?They?were?given?physical?training.
B.?They?were?looked?after?by?physicians.
C.?They?were?encouraged?by?psychologists.
D.?They?were?offered?nicotine?replacements.

53.?How?does?Dr.?Gabriela?Ferreira?view?the?result?of?LindsonHawley’s?experiment?
A.?It?is?idealized.
B.?It?is?unexpected.
C.?It?is?encouraging.
D.?It?is?misleading.

54.?The?idea?of?“a?marathon” (Line?2,Para. 5)?illustrates?the?popular?belief?that?quitting?smoking?_____.
A.?is?something?few?can?accomplish
B.?needs?some?practice?first
C.?requires?a?lot?of?patience
D.?is?a?challenge?at?the?beginning

55.?What?happens?when?people?try?to?quit?smoking?gradually?
A.?They?find?it?even?more?difficult.
B.?They?are?simply?unable?to?make?it.
C.?They?show?fewer?withdrawal?symptoms.
D.?They?feel?much?less?pain?in?the?process.

2017年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题翻译第二套:

Part?Ⅳ?Translation?(30?minutes)

Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?translate?a?passage?from?Chinese?into?English.?You?should?write?your?answer?on?Answer?Sheet?2.

长江是亚洲最长、世界上第三长的河道。长江流经多种不合的生态系统,是诸多濒危物种的栖息地,浇灌了中国五分之一的土地。长江流域(river?basin)居住着中国三分之一的生齿。长江在中国汗青、文化和经济上起着很大年夜的浸染。长江三角洲(delta)产出多大年夜20%的中国国平易近生产总值。几千年来,长江一向被用于供水、运输和工业生产。长江上还坐落着世界最大年夜的水电站。

2017年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题答案第二套:

Part?Ⅰ?Writing

Sale?ItemsEnglish?Course?Books

Some?English?course?books?are?waiting?for?their?new?owners!

This?is?a?collection?of?College?English?Books?ranging?from?book?1?to?book?4?with?CD?attached?behind.?Many?useful?articles,?either?interesting?or?thought?provoking,?are?incorporated?in?the?books,?followed?by?some?practical?and?diversified?exercises.?Therefore,?it?is?of?great?use?to?help?you?pass?CET?4?and?can?also?be?a?good?choice?of?self?study?aside?from?being?textbooks.?Considering?being?used?once,?frankly?speaking,?they?are?not?brand?new,?but?with?some?necessary?notes?on?the?margins.?Therefore,?they?are?not?charged?high,?only?10?yuan?for?each?book.?There?will?be?a?discount?and?a?surprise?gift?offered?to?you?if?you?buy?them?altogether.

English?plays?a?critically?important?role?in?our?college?study?as?well?as?in?society.?I?hope?you?won’t?miss?this?good?chance?to?buy?some?useful?books?with?a?low?price.?If?you?are?interested,?please?call?me?at?12345678900.

Part?Ⅱ?Listening?Comprehension

1.?C.Most?drivers?feel?uncertain?about?the?safety?of?selfdriving?cars.
2.?A.Their?drivers?would?feel?safe?after?getting?used?to?the?automatic?devices.
3.?C.Attacks?on?some?Iditarod?race?competitors.
4.?B.He?has?won?the?Alaska?Iditarod?Race?four?times.
5.?D.It?turned?over?because?of?strong?winds.
6.?D.32.
7.?B.He?is?being?investigated?by?the?police.
8.?C.At?an?accountancy?firm.
9.?A.Helping?out?with?data?input.
10.?B.He?needs?the?money?badly.
11.?D.Review?some?accountancy?terms.
12.?B.They?are?poor?at?technology?skills.
13.?A.Japanese.
14.?D.Literacy.
15.?C.It?has?much?room?for?improvement.
16.?A.They?have?small?roots.
17.?D.They?began?to?look?like?modernday?carrots.
18.?B.There?were?serious?food?shortages.
19.?A.She?could?update?her?family?any?time?she?liked.
20.?B.She?enjoyed?reading?her?friends’?status?updates.
21.?D.She?didn’t?seem?to?be?doing?as?well?as?her?Facebook?friends.
22.?A.They?have?strong?muscles.
23.?C.It?was?brought?over?from?Spain.
24.?C.They?showed?and?traded?animals?in?the?market.
25.?B.The?arrival?of?tractors.

Part?III?Reading?Comprehension

26-35:OIEGM?DCJNF
36-45:HDBJG?AFEIC
46-55:ABCAD?BDCBA

Part?IV?Translation

The?Yangtze?River?is?the?longest?in?Asia?and?the?third?longest?in?the?world.?The?river,?which?flows?through?varied?ecosystems?along?its?passage,?offers?habitats?for?many?endangered?species?and?provides?irrigation?for?1/5?of?China’s?land.?The?Yangtze?River?basin?is?home?to?1/3?of?China’s?population.?The?river?plays?a?very?important?role?in?China?historically,?culturally?and?economically.?The?Yangtze?River?Delta?contributes?up?to?20%?of?China’s?GDP.?For?millennia,?the?Yangtze?River?has?been?used?for?water?supply,?shipment?and?industrial?activities.?The?world’s?largest?hydropower?station?is?also?built?on?the?river.

原创文┞仿,作者:刘青,如若转载,请注明出处:/14354.html

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