2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第一套听力及答案

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第一套听力及答案

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题写作第一套:

Part?I?Writing?(30?minutes)

Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?write?a?short?essay?on?how?to?best?handle?the?relationship?between?parents?and?children.?You?should?write?at?least?120?words?but?no?more?than?180?words.、________________________________________________________________________
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2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第一套听力及答案

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题听力第一套:

Part?II?Listening?Comprehension?(25?minutes)

Section?A

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?three?news?reports.?At?the?end?of?each?news?report,?you?will?hear?two?or?three?questions.?Both?the?news?report?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once.?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Questions?1?and?2?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.

1.?A)?Her?grandfather.
B)?Her?grandmother.
C)?Her?friend?Erika.
D)?Her?little?brother.
2.?A)?By?taking?pictures?for?passersby.
B)?By?selling?lemonade?and?pictures.
C)?By?working?part?time?at?a?hospital.
D)?By?asking?for?help?on?social?media.

Questions?3?and?4?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.

3.?A)?Testing?the?efficiency?of?the?new?solar?panel.
B)?Providing?clean?energy?to?five?million?people.
C)?Generating?electric?power?for?passing?vehicles.
D)?Finding?cheaper?ways?of?highway?construction.
4.?A)?They?are?made?from?cheap?materials.
B)?They?are?only?about?half?an?inch?thick.
C)?They?can?be?laid?right?on?top?of?existing?highways.
D)?They?can?stand?the?wear?and?tear?of?natural?elements.

Questions?5?to?7?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.

5.?A)?The?lack?of?clues?about?the?species.
B)?Inadequate?funding?for?research.
C)?Endless?fighting?in?the?region.
D)?The?hazards?from?the?desert.
6.?A)?To?observe?the?wildlife?in?the?two?national?parks.
B)?To?study?the?habitat?of?lions?in?Sudan?and?Ethiopia.
C)?To?identify?the?reasons?for?the?lions’?disappearance.
D)?To?find?evidence?of?the?existence?of?the?“lost?lions“.
7.?A)?Lions’?tracks.
B)?Lions?walking.
C)?Some?camping?facilities.
D)?Traps?set?by?local?hunters.

Section?B

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?two?long?conversations.?At?the?end?of?each?conversation,?you?will?hear?four?questions.?Both?the?conversation?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once.?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Questions?8?to?11?are?based?on?the?conversation?you?have?just?heard.

8.?A)?A?special?gift?from?the?man.
B)?Her?wedding?anniversary.
C)?A?call?from?her?dad.
D)?Her?‘lucky?birthday’.
9.?A)?Threw?her?a?surprise?party.
B)?Took?her?on?a?trip?overseas.
C)?Bought?her?a?good?necklace.
D)?Gave?her?a?big?model?plane.
10.?A)?What?her?husband?and?the?man?are?up?to.
B)?What?has?been?troubling?her?husband.
C)?The?trip?her?husband?has?planned.
D)?The?gift?her?husband?has?bought.
11.?A)?He?wants?to?find?out?about?the?couple’s?holiday?plan.
B)?He?is?eager?to?learn?how?the?couple’s?holiday?turns?out.
C)?He?will?tell?the?women?the?secret?if?her?husband?agrees.
D)?He?will?be?glad?to?be?a?guide?for?the?couple’s?holiday?trip.

Questions?12?to?15?are?based?on?the?conversation?you?have?just?heard.

12.?A)?They?take?the?rival’s?attitude?into?account.
B)?They?know?when?to?adopt?a?tough?attitude.
C)?They?see?the?importance?of?making?compromises.
D)?They?are?sensitive?to?the?dynamics?of?a?negotiation.
13.?A)?They?know?when?to?stop.
B)?They?know?how?to?adapt.
C)?They?know?when?to?make?compromises.
D)?They?know?how?to?control?their?emotion.
14.?A)?They?are?patient.
B)?They?learn?quickly.
C)?They?are?good?at?expression.
D)?They?uphold?their?principles.
15.?A)?Clarify?items?of?negotiation.
B)?Make?clear?one’s?intentions.
C)?Get?to?know?the?other?side.
D)?Formulate?one’s?strategy.

Section?C

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?three?passages.?At?the?end?of?each?passage,?you?will?hear?three?or?four?questions.?Both?the?passage?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once.?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Questions?16?to?18?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.

16.?A)?How?space?research?benefits?people?on?Earth.
B)?When?the?International?Space?Station?was?built.
C)?How?many?space?shuttle?missions?there?will?be.
D)?When?America’s?earliest?space?program?started.
17.?A)?They?tried?to?make?best?use?of?the?latest?technology.
B)?They?tried?to?meet?astronauts’?specific?requirements.
C)?They?developed?objects?for?astronauts?to?use?in?outer?space.
D)?They?accurately?calculated?the?speed?of?the?orbiting?shuttles.
18.?A)?They?are?expensive?to?make.
B)?They?are?extremely?accurate.
C)?They?were?first?made?in?space.
D)?They?were?invented?in?the?1970s.

Questions?19?to?21?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.

19.?A)?Everything?was?natural?and?genuine?then.
B)?People?had?plenty?of?land?to?cultivate?then.
C)?It?marked?the?beginning?of?something?new.
D)?It?was?when?her?ancestors?came?to?America.
20.?A)?They?were?known?to?be?creative.
B)?They?enjoyed?living?a?life?of?ease.
C)?They?had?all?kinds?of?entertainment.
D)?They?believed?in?working?for?goals.
21.?A)?Chatting?with?her?ancestors.
B)?Doing?needlework?by?the?fire.
C)?Furnishing?her?country?house.
D)?Polishing?all?the?silver?work.

Questions?22?to?25?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.

22.?A)?Sit?down?and?try?to?calm?yourself.
B)?Call?your?family?or?friends?for?help.
C)?Use?a?map?to?identify?your?location.
D)?Try?to?follow?your?footprints?back.
23.?A)?You?may?end?up?entering?a?wonderland.
B)?You?may?get?drowned?in?a?sudden?flood.
C)?You?may?expose?yourself?to?unexpected?dangers.
D)?You?may?find?a?way?out?without?your?knowing?it.
24.?A)?Walk?uphill.
B)?Look?for?food.
C)?Start?a?fire.
D)?Wait?patiently.
25.?A)?Check?the?local?weather.
B)?Find?a?map?and?a?compass.
C)?Prepare?enough?food?and?drink.
D)?Inform?somebody?of?your?plan.

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题阅读第一套:

Part?Ⅲ?Reading?Comprehension?(40?minutes)

Section?A

Directions:?In?this?section,?there?is?a?passage?with?ten?blanks.?You?are?required?to?select?one?word?for?each?blank?from?a?list?of?choices?given?in?a?word?bank?following?the?passage.?Read?the?passage?through?carefully?before?making?your?choices.?Each?choice?in?the?bank?is?identified?by?a?letter.?Please?mark?the?corresponding?letter?for?each?item?on?Answer?Sheet?2?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.?You?may?not?use?any?of?the?words?in?the?bank?more?than?once.

A?rat?or?pigeon?might?not?be?the?obvious?choice?to?tend?to?someone?who?is?sick,?but?these?creatures?have?some?26?skills?that?could?help?the?treatment?of?human?diseases.
Pigeons?are?often?seen?as?dirty?birds?and?an?urban?27?,?but?they?are?just?the?latest?in?a?long?line?of?animals?that?have?been?found?to?have?abilities?to?help?humans.?Despite?having?a?brain?no?bigger?than?the?28?of?your?index?finger,?pigeons?have?a?very?impressive?29?memory.?Recently?it?was?shown?that?they?could?be?trained?to?be?as?accurate?as?humans?at?detecting?breast?cancer?in?images.
Rats?are?often?30?with?spreading?disease?rather?than?31?it,?but?this?longtailed?animal?is?highly?32?.?Inside?a?rat’s?nose?are?up?to?1,000?different?types?of?olfactory?receptors?(嗅觉感应传染器),?whereas?humans?only?have?100?to?200?types.?This?gives?rats?the?ability?to?detect?33?smells.?As?a?result,?some?rats?are?being?put?to?work?to?detect?TB?(肺结核).?When?the?rats?detect?the?smell,?they?stop?and?rub?their?legs?to?34?a?sample?is?infected.
Traditionally,?a?hundred?samples?would?take?lab?technicians?more?than?two?days?to?35?,?but?for?a?rat?it?takes?less?than?20?minutes.?This?rat?detection?method?doesn’t?rely?on?specialist?equipment.?It?is?also?more?accuratethe?rats?are?able?to?find?more?TB?infections?and,?therefore,?save?more?lives.

A)?associated?B)?examine?C)?indicate?D)?nuisance?E)?peak?F)?preventing?G)?prohibiting?H)?sensitive?I)?slight?J)?specify?K)?superior?L)?suspicious?M)?tip?N)?treated?O)visual

Section?B
Directions:
?In?this?section,?you?are?going?to?read?a?passage?with?ten?statements?attached?to?it.?Each?statement?contains?information?given?in?one?of?the?paragraphs.?Identify?the?paragraph?from?which?the?information?is?derived.?You?may?choose?a?paragraph?more?than?once.?Each?paragraph?is?marked?with?a?letter.?Answer?the?questions?by?marking?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2.

Do?InClass?Exams?Make?Students?Study?Harder?

Research?suggests?they?may?study?more?broadly?for?the?unexpected?rather?than?search?for?answers.
[A]?I?have?always?been?a?poor?testtaker.?So?it?may?seem?rather?strange?that?I?have?returned?to?college?to?finish?the?degree?I?left?undone?some?four?decades?ago.?I?am?making?my?way?through?Columbia?University,?surrounded?by?students?who?quickly?supply?the?verbal?answer?while?I?am?still?processing?the?question.
[B]?Since?there?is?no?way?for?me?to?avoid?exams,?I?am?currently?questioning?what?kind?are?the?most?taxing?and?ultimately?beneficial.?I?have?already?sweated?through?numerous?inclass?midterms?and?finals,?and?now?I?have?a?professor?who?issues?takehome?ones.?I?was?excited?when?I?learned?this,?figuring?I?had?a?full?week?to?do?the?research,?read?the?texts,?and?write?it?all?up.?In?fact,?I?was?still?rewriting?my?midterm?the?morning?it?was?due.?To?say?I?had?lost?the?thread?is?putting?it?mildly.
[C]?As?I?was?suffering?through?my?week?of?anxiety,?overthinking?the?material?and?guessing?my?grasp?of?it,?I?did?some?of?my?own?polling?among?students?and?professors.?David?Eisenbach,?who?teaches?a?popular?class?on?U.S.?presidents?at?Columbia,?prefers?the?inclass?variety.?He?believes?students?ultimately?learn?more?and?encourages?them?to?form?study?groups. “That?way?they?socialize?over?history?outside?the?class,?which?wouldn’t?happen?without?the?pressure?of?an?inclass?exam,”?he?explained, “Furthermore,?inclass?exams?force?students?to?learn?how?to?perform?under?pressure,?an?essential?work?skill.”
[D]?He?also?says?there?is?less?chance?of?cheating?with?the?inclass?variety.?In?2012, 125?students?at?Harvard?were?caught?up?in?a?scandal?when?it?was?discovered?they?had?cheated?on?a?takehome?exam?for?a?class?entitled?“Introduction?To?Congress.”?Some?colleges?have?what?they?call?an?“honor?code,”?though?if?you?are?smart?enough?to?get?into?these?schools,?you?are?either?smart?enough?to?get?around?any?codes?or?hopefully,?too?ethical?to?consider?doing?so.?As?I?sat?blocked?and?clueless?for?two?solid?days,?I?momentarily?wondered?if?I?couldn’t?just?call?an?expert?on?the?subject?matter?which?I?was?tackling,?or?someone?who?took?the?class?previously,?to?get?me?going.
[E]?Following?the?Harvard?scandal,?Mary?Miller,?the?former?dean?of?students?at?Yale,?made?an?impassioned?appeal?to?her?school’s?professors?to?refrain?from?takehone?exams. “Students?risk?health?and?well?being,?as?well?as?performance?in?other?endofterm?work,?when?faculty?offers?takehome?exams?without?clear,?timelimited?boundaries,”?she?told?me. “Research?now?shows?that?regular?quizzes,?short?essays,?and?other?assignments?over?the?course?of?a?term?better?enhance?learning?and?retention.”
[F]?Most?college?professors?agree?the?kind?of?exam?they?choose?largely?depends?on?the?subject.?A?quantitativebased?one,?for?example,?is?unlikely?to?be?sent?home,?where?one?could?ask?their?older?brothers?and?sisters?to?help.?Vocationaltype?classes,?such?as?computer?science?or?journalism,?on?the?other?hand,?are?often?more?researchoriented?and?lend?themselves?to?takehome?testing.?Chris?Koch,?who?teaches?“History?of?Broadcast?Journalism”?at?Montgomery?Community?College?in?Rockville,?Maryland,?points?out?that?reporting?is?about?investigation?rather?than?the?memorization?of?minute?details. “In?my?field,?it’s?not?what?you?knowit’s?what?you?know?how?to?find?out,”?says?Koch. “There?is?way?too?much?information,?and?more?coming?all?the?time,?for?anyone?to?remember.?I?want?my?students?to?search?out?the?answers?to?questions?by?using?all?the?resources?available?to?them.”
[G]?Students’?testform?preferences?vary,?too,?often?depending?on?the?subject?and?course?difficulty. “I?prefer?takehome?essays?because?it?is?then?really?about?the?writing,?so?you?have?time?to?edit?and?do?more?research,”?says?Elizabeth?Dresser,?a?junior?at?Barnard.?Then?there?is?the?stress?factor.?Francesca?Haass,?a?senior?at?Middlebury,?says, “I?find?the?inclass?ones?are?more?stressful?in?the?short?term,?but?there?is?immediate?relief?as?you?swallow?information?like?mad,?and?then?you?get?to?forget?it?all.?Takehomes?require?thoughtful?engagement?which?can?lead?to?longer?term?stress?as?there?is?never?a?moment?when?the?time?is?up.”?Meanwhile,?Olivia?Rubin,?a?sophomore?at?Emory,?says?she?hardly?even?considers?takehomes?true?exams. “If?you?understand?the?material?and?have?the?ability?to?articulate?(说出)?your?thoughts,?they?should?be?a?breeze.”
[H]?How?students?ultimately?handle?stress?may?depend?on?their?personal?testtaking?abilities.?There?are?people?who?always?wait?until?the?last?minute,?and?make?it?much?harder?than?it?needs?to?be.?And?then?there?those?who,?not?knowing?what?questions?are?coming?at?them,?and?having?no?resources?to?refer?to,?can?freeze.?And?then?there?are?we?rare?folks?who?fit?both?those?descriptions.
[I]?Yes,?my?advanced?age?must?factor?into?the?equation?(等式),?in?part?because?of?my?inability?to?access?the?information?as?quickly.?As?another?returning?student?at?Columbia,?Kate?Marber,?told?me, “We?are?learning?not?only?all?this?information,?but?essentially?how?to?learn?again.?Our?fellow?students?have?just?come?out?of?high?school.?A?lot?has?changed?since?we?were?last?in?school.”
[J]?If?nothing?else,?the?situation?has?given?my?college?son?and?me?something?to?share.?When?I?asked?his?opinion?on?this?matter,?he?responded, “I?like?inclass?exams?because?the?time?is?already?reserved,?as?opposed?to?using?my?free?time?at?home?to?work?on?a?test,”?he?responded.?It?seems?to?me?that?a?compromise?would?be?receiving?the?exam?questions?a?day?or?two?in?advance,?and?then?doing?the?actual?test?in?class?the?ticking?clock?overhead.
[K]?Better?yet,?how?about?what?one?Hunter?College?professor?reportedly?did?recently?for?her?final?exam:?She?encouraged?the?class?not?to?stress?or?even?study,?promising?that, “It?is?going?to?be?apiece?of?cake.”?When?the?students?came?in,?sharpened?pencils?in?hand,?there?was?not?a?blue?book?in?sight.?Rather,?they?saw?a?large?chocolate?cake?and?they?each?were?given?a?slice.
36.?Elderly?students?find?it?hard?to?keep?up?with?the?rapid?changes?in?education.
37.?Some?believe?takehome?exams?may?affect?students’?performance?in?other?courses.
38.?Certain?professors?believe?inclass?exams?are?ultimately?more?helpful?to?students.
39.?Inclass?exams?are?believed?to?discourage?cheating?in?exams.
40.?The?author?was?happy?to?learn?she?could?do?some?exams?at?home.
41.?Students?who?put?off?their?work?until?the?last?moment?often?find?the?exams?more?difficult?than?they?actually?are.
42.?Different?students?may?prefer?different?types?of?exams.
43.?Most?professors?agree?whether?to?give?an?inclass?or?a?takehome?exam?depends?on?type?of?course?being?taught.
44.?The?author?dropped?out?of?college?some?forty?years?ago.
45.?Some?students?think?takehome?exams?will?eat?up?their?free?time.

Section?C

Directions:?There?are?2?passages?in?this?section.?Each?passage?is?followed?by?some?questions?or?unfinished?statements.?For?each?of?them?there?are?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?You?should?decide?on?the?best?choice?and?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Passage?One

Questions?46?and?50?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

That?people?often?experience?trouble?sleeping?in?a?different?bed?in?unfamiliar?surroundings?is?a?phenomenon?known?as?the?“firstnight”?effect.?If?a?person?stays?in?the?same?room?the?following?night?they?tend?to?sleep?more?soundly.?Yuka?Sasaki?and?her?colleagues?at?Brown?University?set?out?to?investigate?the?origins?of?this?effect.
Dr.?Sasaki?knew?the?firstnight?effect?probably?has?something?to?do?with?how?humans?evolved.?The?puzzle?was?what?benefit?would?be?gained?from?it?when?performance?might?be?affected?the?following?day.?She?also?knew?from?previous?work?conducted?on?birds?and?dolphins?that?these?animals?put?half?of?their?brains?to?sleep?at?a?time?so?that?they?can?rest?while?remaining?alert?enough?to?avoid?predators?(捕食者).?This?led?her?to?wonder?if?people?might?be?doing?the?same?thing.?To?take?a?closer?look,?her?team?studied?35?healthy?people?as?they?slept?in?the?unfamiliar?environment?of?the?university’s?Department?of?Psychological?Sciences.?The?participants?each?slept?in?the?department?for?two?nights?and?were?carefully?monitored?with?techniques?that?looked?at?the?activity?of?their?brains.?Dr.?Sasaki?found,?as?expected,?the?participants?slept?less?well?on?their?first?night?than?they?did?on?their?second,?taking?more?than?twice?as?long?to?fall?asleep?and?sleeping?less?overall.?During?deep?sleep,?the?participants’?brains?behaved?in?a?similar?manner?seen?in?birds?and?dolphins.?On?the?first?night?only,?the?left?hemispheres?(半球)?of?their?brains?did?not?sleep?nearly?as?deeply?as?their?right?hemispheres?did.

Curious?if?the?left?hemispheres?were?indeed?remaining?awake?to?process?information?detected?in?the?surrounding?environment,?Dr.?Sasaki?reran?the?experiment?while?presenting?the?sleeping?participants?with?a?mix?of?regularly?timed?beeps?(蜂鸣声)?of?the?same?tone?and?irregular?beeps?of?a?different?tone?during?the?night.?She?worked?out?that,?if?the?left?hemisphere?was?staying?alert?to?keep?guard?in?a?strange?environment,?then?it?would?react?to?the?irregular?beeps?by?stirring?people?from?sleep?and?would?ignore?the?regularly?timed?ones.?This?is?precisely?what?she?found.

46.?What?did?researchers?find?puzzling?about?the?firstnight?effect?
A)?To?what?extent?it?can?trouble?people.
B)?What?role?it?has?played?in?evolution.
C)?What?circumstances?may?trigger?it.
D)?In?what?way?it?can?be?beneficial.
47.?What?do?we?learn?about?Dr.?Yuka?Sasaki?doing?her?research?
A)?She?found?birds?and?dolphins?remain?alert?while?asleep.
B)?She?found?birds?and?dolphins?sleep?in?much?the?same?way.
C)?She?got?some?idea?from?previous?studies?on?birds?and?dolphins.
D)?She?conducted?studies?on?birds’?and?dolphins’?sleeping?patterns.
48.?What?did?Dr.?Sasaki?do?when?she?first?did?her?experiment?
A)?She?monitored?the?brain?activity?of?participants?sleeping?in?a?new?environment.
B)?She?recruited?35?participants?from?her?Department?of?Psychological?Sciences.
C)?She?studied?the?differences?between?the?two?sides?of?participants’?brains.
D)?She?tested?her?findings?about?birds?and?dolphins?on?human?subjects.
49.?What?did?Dr.?Sasaki?do?when?rerunning?her?experiment?
A)?She?analyzed?the?negative?effect?of?irregular?tones?on?brains.
B)?She?recorded?participants’?adaptation?to?changed?environment.
C)?She?exposed?her?participants?to?two?different?stimuli.
D)?She?compared?the?responses?of?different?participants.
50.?What?did?Dr.?Sasaki?find?about?the?participants?in?her?experiment?
A)?They?tended?to?enjoy?certain?tones?more?than?others.
B)?They?tended?to?perceive?irregular?beeps?as?a?threat.
C)?They?felt?sleepy?when?exposed?to?regular?beeps.
D)?They?differed?in?their?tolerance?of?irregular?tones.

Passage?Two

Questions?51?to?55?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

It’s?time?to?reevaluate?how?women?handle?conflict?at?work.?Being?overworked?or?overcommitted?at?home?and?on?the?job?will?not?get?you?where?you?want?to?be?in?life.?It?will?only?slow?you?down?and?hinder?your?career?goals./
Did?you?know?women?are?more?likely?than?men?to?feel?exhausted??Nearly?twice?as?many?women?than?men?ages?18-44?reported?feeling?“very?tired”?or?“exhausted“,?according?to?a?recent?study.
This?may?not?be?surprising?given?that?this?is?the?age?range?when?women?have?children.?It’s?also?the?age?range?when?many?women?are?trying?to?balance?careers?and?home.?One?reason?women?may?feel?exhausted?is?that?they?have?a?hard?time?saying?“no.”?Women?want?to?be?able?to?do?it?all—?volunteer?for?school?parties?or?cook?delicious?mealsand?so?their?answer?to?any?request?is?often?“Yes,?I?can.”
Women?struggle?to?say?“no”?in?the?workplace?for?similar?reasons,?including?the?desire?to?be?liked?by?their?colleagues.?Unfortunately,?this?inability?to?say?“no”?may?be?hurting?women’s?heath?as?well?as?their?career.
At?the?workplace,?men?use?conflict?as?a?way?to?position?themselves,?while?women?often?avoid?conflict?or?strive?to?be?the?peacemaker,?because?they?don’t?want?to?be?viewed?as?aggressive?or?disruptive?at?work.?For?example,?there’s?a?problem?that?needs?to?be?addressed?immediately,?resulting?in?a?dispute?over?who?should?be?the?one?to?fix?it.?Men?are?more?likely?to?face?that?dispute?from?the?perspective?of?what?benefits?them?most,?whereas?women?may?approach?the?same?dispute?from?the?perspective?of?what’s?the?easiest?and?quickest?way?to?resolve?the?problemeven?if?that?means?doing?the?boring?work?themselves.
This?difference?in?handling?conflict?could?be?the?deciding?factor?on?who?gets?promoted?to?a?leadership?position?and?who?does?not.?Leaders?have?to?be?able?to?delegate?and?manage?resources?wiselyincluding?staff?expertise.?Shouldering?more?of?the?workload?may?not?earn?you?that?promotion.?Instead,?it?may?highlight?your?inability?to?delegate?effectively.

51.?What?does?the?author?say?is?the?problem?with?women?

A)?They?are?often?unclear?about?the?career?goals?to?reach.
B)?They?are?usually?more?committed?at?home?than?on?the?job.
C)?They?tend?to?be?overoptimistic?about?how?far?they?could?go.
D)?They?tend?to?push?themselves?beyond?the?limits?of?their?ability.
52.?Why?do?working?women?of?childbearing?age?tend?to?feel?drained?of?energy?
A)?They?struggle?to?satisfy?the?demands?of?both?work?and?home.
B)?They?are?too?devoted?to?work?and?unable?to?relax?as?a?result.
C)?They?do?their?best?to?cooperate?with?their?workmates.
D)?They?are?obliged?to?take?up?too?many?responsibilities.
53.?What?may?hinder?the?future?prospects?of?career?women?
A)?Their?unwillingness?to?say?“no“.
B)?Their?desire?to?be?considered?powerful.
C)?An?underestimate?of?their?own?ability.
D)?A?lack?of?courage?to?face?challenges.
54.?Men?and?woman?differ?in?their?approach?to?resolving?workplace?conflicts?in?that?______.
A)?women?tend?to?be?easily?satisfied
B)?men?are?generally?more?persuasive
C)?men?tend?to?put?their?personal?interests?first
D)?women?are?much?more?ready?to?compromise
55.?What?is?important?to?a?good?leader?
A)?A?dominant?personality.
B)?The?ability?to?delegate.
C)?The?courage?to?admit?failure.
D)?A?strong?sense?of?responsibility.

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题翻译第一套:

Part?IV?Translation?(30?minutes)

Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?translate?a?passage?from?Chinese?into English.?You?should?write?your?answer?on?Answer?Sheet?2.
泰山位于山东省西部。海拔1,500余米,方圆约400平方千米。泰山不但雄伟壮不美不雅,并且是一座汗青文化名山,畴昔3,000多年一向是人们前去朝拜的处所。据记实,共有72位帝王曾来此游览。很多作家到泰山获得灵感,写诗作文,艺术家也来此绘画。山上是以留下了许很多多的文物事业。泰山现在已成为中国一处首要的旅游景点。

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题答案第一套:

Part?Ⅰ?Writing

Good?Communication?Is?the?Best?Policy

The?relationship?between?parents?and?children?is?an?eternal?and?universal?topic?for?the?mankind.?Our?relationship?with?parents?might?be?different?at?different?ages.?And?for?young?people?at?their?20s,?I?think?it?will?more?depend?on?what?children?do.
The?reason?why?I?say?so?is?that?as?we?grow?up,?our?parents?who?were?our?idols?before?gradually?get?old?and?even?outdated.?However?hard?efforts?they?make,?they?could?not?catch?up?with?our?steps,?leading?to?the?socalled?invisible?generation?gap?between?us.?Thus,?if?we?cannot?slow?down?our?pace,?there?will?definitely?be?an?awkward?silence?between?parents?and?us,?which?is?not?rare?now.?As?a?result,?we?young?people?should?talk?more?with?parents?to?share?our?feelings?and?to?know?each?other?better.
Everyone?wants?loving?parents?who?are?open?and?supportive.?Only?through?frequent?communication?with?each?other?can?we?establish?such?a?harmonious?relationship?with?our?parents.

Part?Ⅱ?Listening?Comprehension

1.?D)?Her?little?brother.
2.?B)?By?selling?lemonade?and?pictures.
3.?B)?Providing?clean?energy?to?five?million?people.
4.?C)?They?can?be?laid?right?on?top?of?existing?highways.
5.?C)?Endless?fighting?in?the?region.
6.?D)?To?find?evidence?of?the?existence?of?the?“lost?lions“.
7.?A)?Lions’?tracks.
8.?D)?Her?‘lucky?birthday’.
9.?A)?Threw?her?a?surprise?party.
10.?C)?The?trip?her?husband?has?planned.
11.?B)?He?is?eager?to?learn?how?the?couple’s?holiday?turns?out.
12.?D)?They?are?sensitive?to?the?dynamics?of?a?negotiation.
13.?A)?They?know?when?to?stop.
14.?B)?They?learn?quickly.
15.?C)?Get?to?know?the?other?side.
16.?A)?How?space?research?benefits?people?on?Earth.
17.?C)?They?developed?objects?for?astronauts?to?use?in?outer?space.
18.?B)?They?are?extremely?accurate.
19.?C)?It?marked?the?beginning?of?something?new.
20.?D)?They?believed?in?working?for?goals.
21.?B)?Doing?needlework?by?the?fire.
22.?A)?Sit?down?and?try?to?calm?yourself.
23.?C)?You?may?expose?yourself?to?unexpected?dangers.
24.?A)?Walk?uphill.
25.?D)?Inform?somebody?of?your?plan.

Part?III?Reading?Comprehension

26-35:KDMOA?FHICB
36-45:IECDB?HGFAJ
46-55:DCACB?DAACB

Part?IV?Translation

Located?in?western?Shandong?province,?Mount?Tai?stands?over?1500?meters?above?sea?level?and?covers?an?area?of?about?400?square?kilometers.?It?is?a?renowned?mountain?which?is?not?only?spectacular?but?also?of?historical?and?cultural?significance.?Pilgrims?have?been?visiting?Mount?Tai?for?the?last?over?3000?years.?In?recorded?history, 72?emperors?once?came?here?to?make?a?tour.?Mount?Tai?has?seen?many?writers?who?have?traveled?here?for?inspiration?to?make?poems?and?compositions.?Artists?also?come?here?for?painting.?That?explains?why?Mount?Tai?features?numerous?cultural?relics?and?historic?sites.?It?has?now?become?one?of?the?leading?tourist?attractions?in?China.

原创文┞仿,作者:刘青,如若转载,请注明出处:/15104.html

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