2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题卷第二套听力及答案

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题卷第二套听力及答案

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题写作第二套:

Part?I?Writing?(30?minutes)

Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?write?a?short?easy?on?how?to?best?handle?the?relationship?between?teachers?and?students.?You?should?write?at?least?120?words?but?no?more?than?180?words.
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2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题卷第二套听力及答案

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题听力第二套:

Part?II?Listening?Comprehension?(25?minutes)

Section?A

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?three?news?reports.?At?the?end?of?each?news?report,?you?will?hear?two?or?three?questions.?Both?the?news?report?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once.?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Questions?1?and?2?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.

1.?A)?It?tries?entertain?its?audience.
B)?It?tries?to?look?into?the?distance.
C)?It?wants?to?catch?people’s?attention.
D)?It?has?got?one?of?its?limbs?injured.
2.?A)?It?was?spotted?by?animal?protection?officials.
B)?It?was?filmed?by?a?local?television?reporter.
C)?Its?videos?Were?posted?on?social?media.
D)?Its?picture?won?a?photography?prize.

Questions?3?and?4?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.

3.?A)?The?distance?travelled.
B)?The?incidence?of?road?accidents.
C)?The?spending?on?gas.
D)?The?number?of?people?travelling.
4.?A)?Fewer?people?are?commuting.
B)?Gas?consumption?is?soaring.
C)?Job?growth?is?slowing?down.
D)?Rushhour?traffic?is?worsening.

Questions?5?to?7?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.

5.?A)?He?told?a?stranger?the?sad?story?about?himself.
B)?He?helped?a?stranger?to?carry?groceries?to?his?car.
C)?He?went?up?to?a?stranger?and?pulled?at?his?sleeves.
D)?He?washed?a?stranger’s?car?in?return?for?some?food.
6.?A)?He?ordered?a?lot?of?food?for?his?family.
B)?He?gave?him?a?job?at?his?own?company.
C)?He?raised?a?large?sum?of?money?for?him.
D)?He?offered?him?a?scholarship?for?college.
7.?A)?He?works?hard?to?support?his?family.
B)?He?is?an?excellent?student?at?school.
C)?He?is?very?good?at?making?up?stories.
D)?He?has?been?disabled?since?boyhood.

Section?B

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?two?long?conversations.?At?the?end?of?each?conversation,?you?will?hear?four?questions.?Both?the?conversation?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once.?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Questions?8?to?11?are?based?on?the?conversation?you?have?just?heard.

8.?A)?Attended?an?economics?lecture.
B)?Taken?a?walk?on?Charles?Street.
C)?Had?a?drink?at?Queen?Victoria.
D)?Had?dinner?at?a?new?restaurant.
9.?A)?Treat?a?college?friend?to?dinner.
B)?Make?preparations?for?a?seminar.
C)?Attend?his?brothers?birthday?party.
D)?Visit?some?of?his?high?school?friends.
10.?A)?Gather?statistics?for?his?lecture.
B)?Throw?a?surprise?birthday?party.
C)?Meet?with?Jonathan’s?friends?on?the?weekend.
D)?Join?him?in?his?brother’s?birthday?celebration.
11.?A)?By?car.
B)?By?train.
C)?By?taxi.
D)?By?bus.

Questions?12?to?15?are?based?on?the?conversation?you?have?just?heard.

12.?A)?Taking?a?vacation?abroad.
B)?Reviewing?for?his?last?exam.
C)?Saving?enough?money?for?a?rainy?day.
D)?Finding?a?better?way?to?earn?money.
13.?A)?Preparing?for?his?final?exams.
B)?Negotiating?with?his?boss?for?a?raise.
C)?Working?part?time?as?a?waiter.
D)?Helping?the?woman?with?her?courses.
14.?A)?Finish?her?term?paper.
B)?Save?enough?money.
C)?Learn?a?little?bit?of?Spanish.
D)?Ask?her?parent’s?permission.
15.?A)?He?has?rich?sailing?experience.
B)?He?speaks?Spanish?fluently.
C)?He?is?also?eager?to?go?to?Spain.
D)?He?is?easy?to?get?along?with.

Section?C

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?three?passages.?At?the?end?of?each?passage,?you?will?hear?three?or?four?questions.?Both?the?passage?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once.?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Questions?16?to?18?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.

16.?A)?She?went?to?the?same?university?as?her?mother.
B)?She?worked?as?a?nurse?in?the?First?World?War.
C)?She?won?the?Nobel?Prize?two?times.
D)?She?was?also?a?Nobel?Prize?winner.
17.?A)?She?fought?bravely?in?a?series?of?military?operations.
B)?She?developed?Xray?facilities?for?military?hospitals.
C)?She?helped?to?set?up?several?military?hospitals.
D)?She?made?donations?to?save?wounded?soldiers.
18.?A)?Both?died?of?blood?cancer.
B)?Both?fought?in?World?War?I.
C)?Both?won?military?medals.
D)?Both?married?their?assistants.

Questions?19?to?21?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.

19.?A)?They?were?the?first?settlers?in?Europe.
B)?They?were?the?conquerors?of?Norway.
C)?They?discovered?Iceland?in?the?ninth?century.
D)?They?settled?on?a?small?island?north?of?England.
20.?A)?It?was?some?five?hundred?miles?west?of?Norway.
B)?It?was?covered?with?green?most?time?of?the?year.
C)?It?was?the?Vikings’?most?important?discovery.
D)?It?was?a?rocky?mass?of?land?covered?with?ice.
21.?A)?The?Vikings’?ocean?explorations.
B)?The?making?of?European?nations.
C)?The?Vikings’?everyday?life.
D)?The?Europeans’?Arctic?discoveries.

Questions?22?to?25?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.

22.?A)?Work?hard?for?a?better?life.
B)?Make?mistakes?now?and?then.
C)?Dream?about?the?future.
D)?Save?against?a?rainy?day.
23.?A)?Teach?foreign?languages?for?the?rest?of?his?life.
B)?Change?what?he?has?for?his?past?imaginary?world.
C)?Exchange?his?twostory?house?for?a?beach?cottage.
D)?Dwell?on?the?dreams?he?had?dreamed?when?young.
24.?A)?Criminal?law.
B)?City?planning.
C)?Oriental?architecture.
D)?International?business.
25.?A)?Dream?and?make?plans.
B)?Take?things?easy?in?life.
C)?Be?content?with?what?you?have.
D)?Enjoy?whatever?you?are?doing.

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题听力答案第二套:

1.?D)?It?has?got?one?of?its?limbs?injured.
2.?C)?Its?videos?Were?posted?on?social?media.
3.?A)?The?distance?travelled.
4.?D)?Rushhour?traffic?is?worsening.
5.?B)?He?helped?a?stranger?to?carry?groceries?to?his?car.
6.?C)?He?raised?a?large?sum?of?money?for?him.
7.?B)?He?is?an?excellent?student?at?school.
8.?A)?Attended?an?economics?lecture.
9.?C)?Attend?his?brothers?birthday?party.
10.?D)?Join?him?in?his?brother’s?birthday?celebration.
11.?B)?By?train.
12.?A)?Taking?a?vacation?abroad.
13.?C)?Working?part?time?as?a?waiter.
14.?B)?Save?enough?money.
15.?A)?He?has?rich?sailing?experience.
16.?D)?She?was?also?a?Nobel?Prize?winner.
17.?B)?She?developed?Xray?facilities?for?military?hospitals.
18.?A)?Both?died?of?blood?cancer.
19.?C)?They?discovered?Iceland?in?the?ninth?century.
20.?D)?It?was?a?rocky?mass?of?land?covered?with?ice.
21.?A)?The?Vikings’?ocean?explorations.
22.?C)?Dream?about?the?future.
23.?B)?Change?what?he?has?for?his?past?imaginary?world.
24.?D)?International?business.
25.?C)?Be?content?with?what?you?have.

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题阅读第二套:

Part?Ⅲ?Reading?Comprehension?(40?minutes)

Section?A

Directions:?In?this?section,?there?is?a?passage?with?ten?blanks.?You?are?required?to?select?one?word?for?each?blank?from?a?list?of?choices?given?in?a?word?bank?following?the?passage.?Read?the?passage?through?carefully?before?making?your?choices.?Each?choice?in?the?bank?is?identified?by?a?letter.?Please?mark?the?corresponding?letter?for?each?item?on?Answer?Sheet?2?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.?You?may?not?use?any?of?the?words?in?the?bank?more?than?once.

Technological?changes?brought?dramatic?new?options?to?Americans?living?in?the?1990s.?During?this?decade?new?forms?of?entertainment,?commerce,?research,?and?communication?became?commonplace?in?the?U.S.?The?driving?force?behind?much?of?this?change?was?a(n)?26?popularly?known?as?the?Internet.
The?Internet?was?developed?during?the?1970s?by?the?Department?of?Defense.?In?the?case?of?an?attack,?military?advisers?suggested?the?27?of?being?able?to?operate?one?computer?from?another?terminal.?In?the?early?days,?the?Internet?was?used?mainly?by?scientists?to?communicate?with?other?scientists.?The?Internet?28?under?government?control?until?1984.
One?early?problem?faced?by?Internet?users?was?speed.?Phone?lines?could?only?transmit?information?at?a?29?rate.?The?development?of?fiberoptic?(光纤)?cables?allowed?for?billions?of?bits?of?information?to?be?received?every?minute.?Companies?like?Intel?developed?faster?microprocessors,?so?personal?computers?could?process?the?30?signals?at?a?more?rapid?rate.
In?the?early?1990s,?the?World?Wide?Web?was?developed,?in?large?part,?for?31?purposes.Corporations?created?home?pages?where?they?could?place?text?and?graphics?to?sell?products.?Soon?airline?tickets,?hotel?32?,?and?even?cars?and?homes?could?be?purchased?online.?Universities?33?research?data?on?the?Internet,?so?students?could?find?34?information?without?leaving?their?dormitories.?Companies?soon?discovered?that?work?could?be?done?at?home?and?35?online,?so?a?whole?new?class?of?telecommuters?began?to?earn?a?living?from?home?offices?unshaven?and?wearing?pajamas?(睡衣).

A)?advantage?B)?commercial?C)?conservation?D)?equipped?E)?incoming?F)?innovation?G)?limited?H)?local?I)?maintained?J)?occupations?K)?posted?L)?remained?M)?reservations?N)?submitted?O)?valuable

Section?B

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?are?going?to?read?a?passage?with?ten?statements?attached?to?it.?Each?statement?contains?information?given?in?one?of?the?paragraphs.?Identify?the?paragraph?from?which?the?information?is?derived.?You?may?choose?a?paragraph?more?than?once.?Each?paragraph?is?marked?with?a?letter.?Answer?the?questions?by?marking?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2.

The?Health?Benefits?of?Knitting

A)?About?15?years?ago,?I?was?invited?to?join?a?knitting?group.?I?agreed?to?give?it?a?try.

B)?My?mother?had?taught?me?to?knit?at?15,?and?I?knitted?in?class?throughout?college?and?for?a?few?years?thereafter.?Then?decades?passed?without?my?touching?a?knitting?needle.?But?within?two?Mondays?in?the?group,?I?was?hooked,?not?only?on?knitting?but?also?on?crocheting?(钩织),?and?I?was?on?my?way?to?becoming?a?highly?productive?crafter.
C)?I’ve?made?countless?baby?blankets,?sweaters,?scarves,?hats,?caps?for?newborns.?I?take?a?knitting?project?with?me?everywhere,?especially?when?I?have?to?sit?still?and?listen.?As?I?discovered?in?college,?when?my?hands?are?busy,?my?mind?stays?focused?on?the?here?and?now.
D)?It?seems,?too,?that?I’m?part?of?a?national?renewal?of?interest?in?needle?and?other?handicrafts?(手工艺).?The?Craft?Yarn?Council?reports?that?a?third?of?women?ages?25-35?now?knit?or?crochet.?Even?men?and?schoolchildren?are?swelling?the?ranks,?among?them?my?friend’s?three?small?grandsons.?Last?April,?the?council?created?a?“Stitch?Away?Stress”?campaign?in?honor?of?National?Stress?Awareness?Month.?Dr.?Herbert?Benson,?a?pioneer?in?mind/body?medicine?and?author?of?The?Relaxation?Response,?says?that?the?repetitive?action?of?needlework?can?induce?a?relaxed?state?like?that?associated?with?meditation?(寻思)?and?yoga.?Once?you?get?beyond?the?initial?learning?curve,?knitting?and?crocheting?can?lower?heart?rate?and?blood?pressure.
E)?But?unlike?meditation,?craft?activities?result?in?tangible?and?often?useful?products?that?can?enhance?selfesteem.?I?keep?photos?of?my?singular?accomplishments?on?my?cellphone?to?boost?my?spirits?when?needed.
F)?Since?the?1990s,?the?council?has?surveyed?hundreds?of?thousands?of?knitters?and?crocheters,?who?routinely?list?stress?relief?and?creative?fulfillment?as?the?activities’?main?benefits.?Among?them?is?the?father?of?a?prematurely?born?daughter?who?reported?that?during?the?baby’s?five?weeks?in?the?intensive?care?unit, “learning?how?to?knit?infant?hats?gave?me?a?sense?of?purpose?during?a?time?that?I?felt?very?helpless.?It’s?a?hobby?that?I’ve?stuck?with,?and?it?continues?to?help?me?cope?with?stress?at?work,?provide?a?sense?of?order?in?hectic?(慌乱的)?days,?and?allow?my?brain?time?to?solve?problems.”
G)?A?recent?email?from?the?yarn?(纺纱)?company?Red?Heart?titled?“Health?Benefits?of?Crocheting?and?Knitting”?prompted?me?to?explore?what?else?might?be?known?about?the?health?value?of?activities?like?knitting.?My?research?revealed?that?the?rewards?go?well?beyond?replacing?stress?and?anxiety?with?the?satisfaction?of?creation.
H)?For?example,?Karen?Hayes,?a?life?coach?in?Toronto,?conducts?knitting?therapy?programs,?including?Knit?to?Quit?to?help?smokers?give?up?the?habit,?and?Knit?to?Heal?for?people?coping?with?health?crises,?like?a?cancer?diagnosis?or?serious?illness?of?a?family?member.?Schools?and?prisons?with?craft?programs?report?that?they?have?a?calming?effect?and?enhance?social?skills.?And?having?to?follow?instructions?on?complex?craft?projects?can?improve?children’s?math?skills.
I)?Some?people?find?that?craftwork?helps?them?control?their?weight.?Just?as?it’s?challenging?to?smoke?while?knitting,?when?hands?are?holding?needles?and?hooks,?there’s?less?snacking?and?mindless?eating?out?of?boredom.
J)?I’ve?found?that?my?handiwork?with?yarn?has?helped?my?arthritic?(患关节炎的)?fingers?remain?more?dexterous?(工整的)?as?I?age.?A?woman?encouraged?to?try?knitting?and?crocheting?after?developing?an?autoimmune?disease?that?caused?a?lot?of?hand?pain?reported?on?the?Craft?Yarn?Council?site?that?her?hands?are?now?less?stiff?and?painful.
K)?A?2009?University?of?British?Columbia?study?of?38?women?with?an?eating?disorder?who?were?taught?to?knit?found?that?learning?the?craft?led?to?significant?improvements.?Seventyfour?percent?of?the?women?said?the?activity?lessened?their?fears?and?kept?them?from?thinking?about?their?problem.
L)?Betsan?Corkhill,?a?wellness?coach?in?Bath,?England,?and?author?of?the?book?Knit?for?Health?&?Wellness,?established?a?website,?Stitchlinks,?to?explore?the?value?of?what?she?calls?therapeutic?knitting.?Among?her?respondents, 54?percent?of?those?who?were?clinically?depressed?said?that?knitting?made?them?feel?happy?or?very?happy.?In?a?study?of?60?selfselected?people?with?persistent?pain,?Ms.?Corkhill?and?colleagues?reported?that?knitting?enabled?them?to?redirect?their?focus,?reducing?their?awareness?of?pain.?She?suggested?that?the?brain?can?process?just?so?much?at?once,?and?that?activities?like?knitting?and?crocheting?make?it?harder?for?the?brain?to?register?pain?signals.?Perhaps?most?exciting?is?research?that?suggests?that?crafts?like?knitting?and?crocheting?may?help?to?keep?off?a?decline?in?brain?function?with?age.?In?a?2011?study,?researchers?led?by?Dr.?Yonas?Geda?at?the?Mayo?Clinic?in?Rochester?interviewed?a?random?(随机的)?sample?of?1,321?people?ages?70-89,?most?of?whom?were?cognitively?(在认知方面)?normal,?about?the?cognitive?activities?they?engaged?in?late?in?life.?The?study,?published?in?the?Journal?of?Neuropsychiatry?&?Clinical?Neurosciences,?found?that?those?who?engaged?in?crafts?like?knitting?and?crocheting?had?a?diminished?chance?of?developing?mild?cognitive?disorder?and?memory?loss./
M)?Although?it?is?possible?that?only?people?who?are?cognitively?healthy?would?pursue?such?activities,?those?who?read?newspapers?or?magazines?or?played?music?did?not?show?similar?benefits.?The?researchers?speculate?that?craft?activities?promote?the?development?of?nerve?pathways?in?the?brain?that?help?to?maintain?cognitive?health.
N)?In?support?of?that?suggestion,?a?2014?study?by?Denise?C.?Park?of?the?University?of?Texas?at?Dallas?and?colleagues?demonstrated?that?learning?to?knit?or?do?digital?photography?enhanced?memory?function?in?older?adults.?Those?who?engaged?in?activities?that?were?not?intellectually?challenging,?either?in?a?social?group?or?alone,?did?not?show?such?improvements.
O)?Given?that?sustained?social?contacts?have?been?shown?to?support?health?and?a?long?life,?those?wishing?to?maximize?the?health?value?of?crafts?might?consider?joining?a?group?of?likeminded?folks.?I?for?one?try?not?to?miss?a?single?weekly?meeting?of?my?knitting?group.
36.?When?the?author?was?a?college?student,?she?found?that?knitting?helped?her?concentrate.
37.?Knitting?can?help?people?stay?away?from?tobacco.
38.?Even?men?and?children?are?now?joining?the?army?of?knitters.
39.?Being?a?member?of?a?crafts?group?enhances?one’s?health?and?prolongs?one’s?life.
40.?Knitting?diverts?people’s?attention?from?their?pain.
41.?The?author?learnt?to?knit?as?a?teenager,?but?it?was?not?until?she?was?much?older?that?she?became?keenly?interested.
42.?When?people?are?knitting,?they?tend?to?eat?fewer?snacks.
43.?Survey?findings?show?that?knitting?can?help?people?relieve?stress.
44.?According?to?a?study,?knitters?and?crocheters?are?less?likely?to?suffer?mild?cognitive?damage.
45.?The?products?of?knitting?can?increase?one’s?sense?of?selfrespect.

Section?C

Directions:?There?are?2?passages?in?this?section.?Each?passage?is?followed?by?some?questions?or?unfinished?statements.?For?each?of?them?there?are?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?You?should?decide?on?the?best?choice?and?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Passage?One

Questions?46?and?50?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

Nobody?really?knows?how?big?Lagos?is.?What’s?indisputable?is?that?it’s?growing?very?quickly.?Between?now?and?2050,?the?urban?population?of?Africa?could?triple.?Yet?cities?in?subSaharan?Africa?are?not?getting?richer?the?way?cities?in?the?rest?of?the?world?have.?Most?urban?Africans?live?in?slums?(贫平易近窟);?migrants?are?often?not?much?better?off?than?they?were?in?the?countryside.?Why?
The?immediate?problem?is?poverty.?Most?of?Africa?is?urbanising?at?a?lower?level?of?income?than?other?regions?of?the?world?did.?That?means?there’s?little?money?around?for?investment?that?would?make?cities?liveable?and?more?productive.?Without?upgrades?and?new?capacity,?bridges,?roads?and?power?systems?are?unable?to?cope?with?expanding?populations.?With?the?exception?of?South?Africa,?the?only?light?rail?metro?system?in?subSaharan?Africa?is?in?Addis?Ababa,?Ethiopia.?Traffic?jam?leads?to?expense?and?unpredictability,?things?that?keep?investors?away.
In?other?parts?of?the?world,?increasing?agricultural?productivity?and?industrialisation?went?together.?More?productive?farmers?meant?there?was?a?surplus?that?could?feed?cities;?in?turn,?that?created?a?pool?of?labour?for?factories.?But?African?cities?are?different.?They?are?too?often?built?around?consuming?natural?resources.?Government?is?concentrated?in?capitals,?so?is?the?money.?Most?urban?Africans?work?for?a?small?minority?of?the?rich,?who?tend?to?be?involved?in?either?cronyish?(有裙带关系的)?businesses?or?politics.?Since?African?agriculture?is?still?broadly?unproductive,?food?is?imported,?consuming?a?portion?of?revenue./
So?what?can?be?done??Though?African?countries?are?poor,?not?all?African?cities?are.?In?Lagos,?foreign?oil?workers?can?pay?as?much?as?$65,000?per?year?in?rent?for?a?modest?apartment?in?a?safe?part?of?town.?If?that?income?were?better?taxed,?it?might?provide?the?revenue?for?better?infrastructure.?If?city?leaders?were?more?accountable?to?their?residents,?they?might?favour?projects?designed?to?help?them?more.?Yet?even?as?new?roads?are?built,?new?people?arrive.?When?a?city’s?population?grows?by?5%?a?year,?it?is?difficult?to?keep?up.
46.?What?do?we?learn?from?the?passage?about?cities?in?subSaharan?Africa?
A)?They?have?more?slums?than?other?cities?in?the?world.
B)?They?are?growing?fast?without?becoming?richer.
C)?They?are?as?modernised?as?many?cities?elsewhere.
D)?They?attract?migrants?who?want?to?be?better?off.
47.?What?does?the?author?imply?about?urbanisation?in?other?parts?of?the?world?
A)?It?benefited?from?the?contribution?of?immigrants.
B)?It?started?when?people’s?income?was?relatively?high.
C)?It?benefited?from?the?accelerated?rise?in?productivity.
D)?It?started?with?the?improvement?of?peopled?livelihood.
48.?Why?is?subSaharan?Africa?unappealing?to?investors?
A)?It?lacks?adequate?transport?facilities.
B)?The?living?expenses?there?are?too?high.
C)?It?is?on?the?whole?too?densely?populated.
D)?The?local?governments?are?corrupted.
49.?In?what?way?does?the?author?say?African?cities?are?different?
A)?They?have?attracted?huge?numbers?of?farm?labourers.
B)?They?still?rely?heavily?on?agricultural?productivity.
C)?They?have?developed?at?the?expense?of?nature.
D)?They?depend?far?more?on?foreign?investment.
50.?What?might?be?a?solution?to?the?problems?facing?African?cities?
A)?Lowering?of?apartment?rent.
B)?Better?education?for?residents.
C)?More?rational?overall?planning.
D)?A?more?responsible?government.

Passage?Two

Questions?51?to?55?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

For?the?past?several?decades,?it?seems?there’s?been?a?general?consensus?on?how?to?get?ahead?in?America:?Get?a?college?education,?find?a?reliable?job,?and?buy?your?own?home.?But?do?Americans?still?believe?in?that?path,?and?if?they?do,?is?it?attainable?
The?most?recent?National?Journal?poll?asked?respondents?about?the?American?dream,?what?it?takes?to?achieve?their?goals,?and?whether?or?not?they?felt?a?significant?amount?of?control?over?their?ability?to?be?successful.?Overwhelmingly,?the?results?show?that?today,?the?idea?of?the?American?dreamand?what?it?takes?to?achieve?itlooks?quite?different?than?it?did?in?the?late?20th?century.
By?and?large,?people?felt?that?their?actions?and?hard?worknot?outside?forceswere?the?deciding?factor?in?how?their?lives?turned?out.?But?respondents?had?decidedly?mixed?feelings?about?what?actions?make?for?a?better?life?in?the?current?economy.
In?the?last?seven?years,?Americans?have?grown?more?pessimistic?about?the?power?of?education?to?lead?to?success.?Even?though?they?see?going?to?college?as?a?fairly?achievable?goal,?a?majority—52?percentthink?that?young?people?do?not?need?a?fouryear?college?education?in?order?to?be?successful.
Miguel?Maeda, 42,?who?has?a?master’s?degree?and?works?in?public?health,?was?the?first?in?his?family?to?go?to?college,?which?has?allowed?him?to?achieve?a?sense?of?financial?stability?his?parents?and?grandparents?never?did.
While?some,?like?Maeda,?emphasized?the?value?of?the?degree?rather?than?the?education?itself,?others?still?see?college?as?a?way?to?gain?new?perspectives?and?life?experiences.?Sixtyyearold?Will?Fendley,?who?had?a?successful?career?in?the?military?and?never?earned?a?college?degree,?thinks?“personal?drive”?is?far?more?important?than?just?going?to?college.?To?Fendley,?a?sense?of?drive?and?purpose,?as?well?as?an?effective?highschool?education,?and?basic?life?skills,?like?balancing?a?checkbook,?are?the?necessary?ingredients?for?a?successful?life?in?America.
51.?It?used?to?be?commonly?acknowledged?that?to?succeed?in?America,?one?had?to?have?.
A)?an?advanced?academic?degree
B)?an?ambition?to?get?ahead
C)?a?firm?belief?in?their?dream
D)?a?sense?of?drive?and?purpose
52.?What?is?the?finding?of?the?latest?National?Journal?poll?concerning?the?American?dream?
A)?More?and?more?Americans?are?finding?it?hard?to?realize.
B)?It?remains?alive?among?the?majority?of?American?people.
C)?Americans’?idea?of?it?has?changed?over?the?past?few?decades.
D)?An?increasing?number?of?young?Americans?are?abandoning?it.
53.?What?do?Americans?now?think?of?the?role?of?college?education?in?achieving?success?
A)?It?still?remains?open?to?debate.
B)?It?has?proved?to?be?beyond?doubt.
C)?It?is?no?longer?as?important?as?it?used?to?be.
D)?It?is?much?better?understood?now?than?ever.
54.?How?do?some?people?view?college?education?these?days?
A)?It?promotes?gender?equality.
B)?It?needs?to?be?strengthened.
C)?It?adds?to?cultural?diversity.
D)?It?helps?broaden?their?minds.
55.?What?is?one?factor?essential?to?success?in?America,?according?to?Will?Fendley?
A)?A?desire?to?learn?and?to?adapt.
B)?A?strong?sense?of?responsibility.
C)?A?willingness?to?commit?oneself.
D)?A?clear?aim?and?high?motivation.

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题翻译第二套:

Part?IV?Translation?(30?minutes)

Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?translate?a?passage?from?Chinese?into?English.?You?should?write?your?answer?on?Answer?Sheet?2.

西岳位于华阴市,据西安120千米。西岳是秦岭的一部分,秦岭不但豆割陕南与陕北,也分隔华南与华北。与畴前人们常去朝拜的泰山不合,西岳畴昔很少有人惠临,因为上山的道路极其危险。但是,希望长命的人却常常上山,因为山上成长着很多草药,特殊是一些罕有的药草。自上世纪90年代安装缆车以来,参不美不雅人数大年夜大年夜增添。

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题答案第二套:

Part?Ⅰ?Writing

Teacherstudent?Relationship?Is?Never?Complex

The?relationship?between?teachers?and?students?has?been?hotly?discussed?in?recent?years?in?China,?for?more?and?more?attention?is?paid?to?education.?Today?I?would?like?to?share?some?tips?on?how?to?get?along?well?with?teachers?from?students’?perspective./
First?and?foremost,?make?a?good?first?impression?on?your?teachers.?As?the?saying?goes,?well?begun?is?half?done.?A?good?first?impression?is?important?for?teachers?to?remember?your?name?among?your?fellow?students.?Secondly,?study?hard?and?be?active?in?class.?A?student?who?loves?studying?and?cooperates?with?teachers?in?class?can?definitely?impress?teachers?deeply.?Finally,?communicate?with?your?teachers?often?after?class?so?that?you?could?make?good?friends?with?them.
To?conclude,?teacherstudent?relationship?is?never?complex?if?you?could?have?excellent?academic?performance,?be?cooperative?in?class?or?make?friends?with?your?teachers.

Part?Ⅱ?Listening?Comprehension

1.?D)?It?has?got?one?of?its?limbs?injured.
2.?C)?Its?videos?Were?posted?on?social?media.
3.?A)?The?distance?travelled.
4.?D)?Rushhour?traffic?is?worsening.
5.?B)?He?helped?a?stranger?to?carry?groceries?to?his?car.
6.?C)?He?raised?a?large?sum?of?money?for?him.
7.?B)?He?is?an?excellent?student?at?school.
8.?A)?Attended?an?economics?lecture.
9.?C)?Attend?his?brothers?birthday?party.
10.?D)?Join?him?in?his?brother’s?birthday?celebration.
11.?B)?By?train.
12.?A)?Taking?a?vacation?abroad.
13.?C)?Working?part?time?as?a?waiter.
14.?B)?Save?enough?money.
15.?A)?He?has?rich?sailing?experience.
16.?D)?She?was?also?a?Nobel?Prize?winner.
17.?B)?She?developed?Xray?facilities?for?military?hospitals.
18.?A)?Both?died?of?blood?cancer.
19.?C)?They?discovered?Iceland?in?the?ninth?century.
20.?D)?It?was?a?rocky?mass?of?land?covered?with?ice.
21.?A)?The?Vikings’?ocean?explorations.
22.?C)?Dream?about?the?future.
23.?B)?Change?what?he?has?for?his?past?imaginary?world.
24.?D)?International?business.
25.?C)?Be?content?with?what?you?have.

Part?III?Reading?Comprehension

26-35:FALGE?BMKON
36-45:CHDOL?BIFLE
46-55:BBACD?ACCDD

Part?IV?Translation

Mount?Hua?is?located?in?Huayin?City?(Shaanxi,?China), 120?kilometers?away?from?Xi’an.?It?is?part?of?the?Qin?Mountains,?which?divide?not?only?northern?and?southern?Shaanxi,?but?also?south?and?north?China.?Unlike?Mount?Tai?that?used?to?be?frequented?by?pilgrims,?Mount?Hua?was?not?well?visited?by?pilgrims?as?the?roads?up?the?mountain?were?extremely?dangerous.?Back?then,?however,?those?who?wished?to?enjoy?longevity?ventured?in?Mount?Hua?quite?a?lot?because?numerous?herbs,?rare?ones?in?particular,?grew?in?the?mountain.?Since?cable?cars?were?installed?in?Mount?Hua?in?the?1990s,?the?number?of?visitors?has?increased?dramatically.

原创文┞仿,作者:刘青,如若转载,请注明出处:/15349.html

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