2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题卷第三套及答案解析

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题卷第三套及答案解析

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题卷写作第三套:

Part?I?Writing?(30?minutes)

Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?write?a?short?essay?on?how?to?best?handle?the?relationship?between?doctors?and?patients.?You?should?write?at?least?120?words?but?no?more?than?180?words.、________________________________________________________________________
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2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题卷第三套及答案解析

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题卷阅读第三套:

Part?Ⅲ?Reading?Comprehension?(40?minutes)

Section?A

Directions:?In?this?section,?there?is?a?passage?with?ten?blanks.?You?are?required?to?select?one?word?for?each?blank?from?a?list?of?choices?given?in?a?word?bank?following?the?passage.?Read?the?passage?through?carefully?before?making?your?choices.?Each?choice?in?the?bank?is?identified?by?a?letter.?Please?mark?the?corresponding?letter?for?each?item?on?Answer?Sheet?2?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.?You?may?not?use?any?of?the?words?in?the?bank?more?than?once.
We?all?know?there?exists?great?void?(空白)?in?the?public?educational?system?when?it?comes?to?26?to?STEMScience,?Technology,?Engineering?Mathematics)?courses.?One?educator?named?Dori?Roberts?decided?to?do?something?to?change?this?system.?Dori?taught?high?school?engineering?for?11?years.?She?noticed?there?was?a?real?void?in?quality?STEM?education?at?all?27?of?the?public?educational?system.?She?said, “I?started?Engineering?For?Kids?(EFK)?after?noticing?a?real?lack?of?math,?science?and?engineering?programs?to?28?my?own?kids?in.”
She?decided?to?start?an?afterschool?program?where?children?29?in?STEMbased?competitions.?The?club?grew?quickly?and?when?it?reached?180?members?and?the?kids?in?the?program?won?several?state?30?,?she?decided?to?devote?all?her?time?to?cultivating?and?31?it.?The?global?business?EFK?was?born.
Dori?began?operating?EFK?out?of?her?Virginia?home,?which?she?then?expanded?to?32?recreation?centers.?Today,?the?EFK?program?33?over?144?branches?in?32?states?within?the?United?States?and?in?21?countries.?Sales?have?doubled?from?$5?million?in?2014?to?$10?million?in?2015,?with?25?new?branches?planned?for?2016.?The?EFK?website?states, “Our?nation?is?not?34?enough?engineers.?Our?philosophy?is?to?inspire?kids?at?a?young?age?to?understand?that?engineering?is?a?great?35?.”
A)?attracted?B)?career?C)?championships?D)?degrees?E)?developing?F)?enroll?G)?exposure?H)?feasible?I)?feeding?J)?graduating?K)?interest?L)?levels?M)?local?N)?operates?O)?participated

Section?B

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?are?going?to?read?a?passage?with?ten?statements?attached?to?it.?Each?statement?contains?information?given?in?one?of?the?paragraphs.?Identify?the?paragraph?from?which?the?information?is?derived.?You?may?choose?a?paragraph?more?than?once.?Each?paragraph?is?marked?with?a?letter.?Answer?the?questions?by?marking?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2.

Why?aren’t?you?curious?about?what?happened?

A)”You?suspended?Ray?Rice?after?our?video,”?a?reporter?from?TMZ?challenged?National?Football?League?Commissioner?Roger?Goodell?the?other?day. “Why?didn’t?you?have?the?curiosity?to?go?to?the?casino?(赌场)?yourself?”?The?implication?of?the?question?is?that?a?more?curious?commissioner?would?have?found?a?way?to?get?the?tape.
B)?The?accusation?of?incuriosity?is?one?that?we?hear?often,?carrying?the?suggestion?that?there?is?something?wrong?with?not?wanting?to?search?out?the?truth. “I?have?been?bothered?for?a?long?time?about?the?curious?lack?of?curiosity,”?said?a?Democratic?member?of?the?New?Jersey?legislature?back?in?July,?referring?to?an?insufficiently?inquiring?attitude?on?the?part?of?an?assistant?to?New?Jersey?Governor?Chris?Christie?who?chose?not?to?ask?hard?question?about?the?George?Washington?Bridge?traffic?scandal. “Isn’t?the?mainstream?media?the?least?bit?curious?about?what?happened?”?wrote?conservative?writer?Jennifer?Rubin?earlier?this?year,?referring?to?the?attack?on?Americans?in?Benghazi,?Libya.
C)?The?implication,?in?each?case,?is?that?curiosity?is?a?good?thing,?and?a?lack?of?curiosity?is?a?problem.?Are?such?accusations?simply?efforts?to?score?political?points?for?one’s?party??Or?is?there?something?of?particular?value?about?curiosity?in?and?of?itself?
D)?The?journalist?Ian?Leslie,?in?his?new?and?enjoyable?book?Curious:?The?Desire?to?Know?and?Why?Your?Future?Depends?on?It,?insists?that?the?answer?to?that?last?question?is?‘Yes’.?Leslie?argues?that?curiosity?is?a?muchoverlooked?human?virtue,?crucial?to?our?success,?and?that?we?are?losing?it.
E)?We?are?suffering,?he?writes,?from?a?“serendipity?deficit.”?The?word?“serendipity”?was?coined?by?Horace?Walpole?in?an?1854?letter,?from?a?tale?of?three?princes?who?“were?always?making?discoveries,?by?accident,?of?things?they?were?not?in?search?of.”?Leslie?worries?that?the?rise?of?the?Internet,?among?other?social?and?technological?changes,?has?reduced?our?appetite?for?aimless?adventures.?No?longer?have?we?the?inclination?to?let?ourselves?wander?through?fields?of?knowledge,?ready?to?be?surprised.?Instead,?we?seek?only?the?information?we?want.
F)?Why?is?this?a?problem??Because?without?curiosity?we?will?lose?the?spirit?of?innovation?and?entrepreneurship.?We?will?see?unimaginative?governments?and?dying?corporations?make?disastrous?decisions.?We?will?lose?a?vital?part?of?what?has?made?humanity?as?a?whole?so?successful?as?a?species.
G)?Leslie?presents?considerable?evidence?for?the?proposition?that?the?society?as?a?whole?is?growing?less?curious.?In?the?U.S?and?Europe,?for?example,?the?rise?of?the?Internet?has?led?to?a?declining?consumption?of?news?from?outside?the?reader’s?borders.?But?not?everything?is?to?be?blamed?on?technology.?The?decline?in?interest?in?literary?fiction?is?also?one?of?the?causes?identified?by?Leslie.?Reading?literary?fiction,?he?says,?make?us?more?curious.
H)?Moreover,?in?order?to?be?curious, “you?have?to?be?aware?of?a?gap?in?your?knowledge?in?the?first?place.”?Although?Leslie?perhaps?paints?a?bit?broadly?in?contending?that?most?of?us?are?unaware?of?how?much?we?don’t?know,?he’s?surely?right?to?point?out?that?the?problem?is?growing: “Google?can?give?us?the?powerful?illusion?that?all?questions?have?definite?answers.”
I)?Indeed,?Google,?for?which?Leslie?expresses?admiration,?is?also?his?frequent?whipping?body?(替罪羊).?He?quotes?Google?cofounder?Larry?Page?to?the?effect?that?the?“perfect?search?engine”?will?“understand?exactly?what?I?mean?and?give?me?back?exactly?what?I?want.”?Elsewhere?in?the?book,?Leslie?writes: “Google?aims?to?save?you?from?the?thirst?of?curiosity?altogether.”
J)?Somewhat?nostalgically?(怀旧地),?he?quotes?John?Maynard?Keynes’s?justly?famous?words?of?praise?to?the?bookstore: “One?should?enter?it?vaguely,?almost?in?a?dream,?and?allow?what?is?there?freely?to?attract?and?influence?the?eye.?To?walk?the?rounds?of?the?bookshops,?dipping?in?as?curiosity?dictates,?should?be?an?afternoon’s?entertainment.”?If?only!
K)?Citing?the?work?of?psychologists?and?cognitive?(认知的)?scientists,?Leslie?criticizes?the?received?wisdom?that?academic?success?is?the?result?of?a?combination?of?intellectual?talent?and?hard?work.?Curiosity,?he?argues,?is?the?third?key?factorand?a?difficult?one?to?preserve.?If?not?cultivated,?it?will?not?survive: “Childhood?curiosity?is?a?collaboration?between?child?and?adult.?The?surest?way?to?kill?it?is?to?leave?it?alone.”
L)?School?education,?he?warns,?is?often?conducted?in?a?way?that?makes?children?incurious.?Children?of?educated?and?uppermiddleclass?parents?turn?out?to?be?far?more?curious,?even?at?early?ages,?than?children?of?working?class?and?lower?class?families.?That?lack?of?curiosity?produces?a?relative?lack?of?knowledge,?and?the?lack?of?knowledge?is?difficult?if?not?impossible?to?compensate?for?later?on
M)?Although?Leslie’s?book?isn’t?about?politics,?he?doesn’t?entirely?shy?away?from?the?problem.?Political?leaders,?like?leaders?of?other?organizations,?should?be?curious.?They?should?ask?questions?at?crucial?moments.?There?are?serious?consequence,?he?warns,?in?not?wanting?to?know.
N)?He?presents?as?an?example?the?failure?of?the?George?W.?Bush?administration?to?prepare?properly?for?the?aftereffects?of?the?invasion?of?Iraq.?According?to?Leslie,?those?who?ridiculed?former?Defense?Secretary?Donald?Rumsfeld?for?his?2002?remark?that?we?have?to?be?wary?of?the?“unknown?unknowns”?were?mistaken.?Rumsfeld’s?idea,?Leslie?writes, ”?wasn’t?absurdit?was?smart.”?He?adds, “The?tragedy?is?that?he?didn’t?follow?his?own?advice.”
O)?All?of?which?brings?us?back?to?Goodell?and?the?Christie?case?and?Benghazi.?Each?critic?in?those?examples?is?charging,?in?a?different?way,?that?someone?in?authority?is?intentionally?being?curious.?I?leave?it?to?the?reader’s?political?preference?to?decide?which,?if?any,?charges?should?stick.?But?let’s?be?careful?about?demanding?curiosity?about?the?other?side’s?weaknesses?and?remanding?determinedly?incurious?about?our?own.?We?should?be?delighted?to?pursue?knowledge?for?its?own?sakeeven?when?what?we?find?out?is?something?we?didn’t?particularly?want?to?know.
36.?To?be?curious,?we?need?to?realize?first?of?all?that?there?are?many?things?we?don’t?know.
37.?According?to?Leslie,?curiosity?is?essential?to?one’s?success.
38.?We?should?feel?happy?when?we?pursue?knowledge?for?knowledge’s?sake.
39.?Political?leaders’?lack?of?curiosity?will?result?in?bad?consequences.
40.?There?are?often?accusations?about?politicians’?and?the?media’s?lack?of?curiosity?to?find?out?the?truth
41.?The?less?curious?a?child?is,?the?less?knowledge?the?child?may?turn?out?to?have.
42.?It?is?widely?accepted?that?academic?accomplishment?lies?in?both?intelligence?and?diligence.
43.?Visiting?a?bookshop?as?curiosity?leads?us?can?be?a?good?way?to?entertain?ourselves.
44.?Both?the?rise?of?the?Internet?and?reduced?appetite?for?literary?fiction?contribute?to?people’s?declining?curiosity.
45.?Mankind?wouldn’t?be?so?innovative?without?curiosity.

Section?C

Directions:?There?are?2?passages?in?this?section.?Each?passage?is?followed?by?some?questions?or?unfinished?statements.?For?each?of?them?there?are?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?You?should?decide?on?the?best?choice?and?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Passage?One

Questions?46?to?50?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

Aging?happens?to?all?of?us,?and?is?generally?thought?of?as?a?natural?part?of?life.?It?would?seem?silly?to?call?such?a?thing?a?“disease.”/
On?the?other?hand,?scientists?are?increasingly?learning?that?aging?and?biological?age?are?two?different?things,?and?that?the?former?is?a?key?risk?factor?for?conditions?such?as?heart?disease,?cancer?and?many?more.?In?that?light,?aging?itself?might?be?seen?as?something?treatable,?the?way?you?would?treat?high?blood?pressure?or?a?vitamin?deficiency.
Biophysicist?Alex?Zhavoronkov?believes?that?aging?should?be?considered?a?disease.?He?said?that?describing?aging?as?a?disease?creates?incentives?to?develop?treatments.
It?unties?the?hands?of?the?pharmaceutical?(制药的)?industry?so?that?they?can?begin?treating?the?disease?and?not?just?the?side?effects,”?he?said.
Right?now,?people?think?of?aging?as?natural?and?something?you?can’t?control,”?he?said. “In?academic?circles,?people?take?aging?research?as?just?an?interest?area?where?they?can?try?to?develop?interventions.?The?medical?community?also?takes?aging?for?granted,?and?can?do?nothing?about?it?except?keep?people?within?a?certain?health?range.”
But?if?aging?were?recognized?as?a?disease,?he?said, “It?would?attract?funding?and?change?the?way?we?do?health?care.?What?matters?is?understanding?that?aging?is?curable.”
It?was?always?known?that?the?body?accumulates?damage,”?he?added. “The?only?way?to?cure?aging?is?to?find?ways?to?repair?that?damage.?I?think?of?it?as?preventive?medicine?for?agerelated?conditions.”
Leonard?Hayflick,?a?professor?at?the?University?of?California,?San?Francisco,?said?the?idea?that?aging?can?be?cured?implies?the?human?lifespan?can?be?increased,?which?some?researchers?suggest?is?possible.?Hayflick?is?not?among?them.
There’re?many?people?who?recover?from?cancer,?stroke,?or?heart?disease.?But?they?continue?to?age,?because?aging?is?separate?from?their?disease,”?Hayflick?said. “Even?if?those?causes?of?death?were?eliminated,?life?expectancy?would?still?not?go?much?beyond?92?years.”
46.?What?do?people?generally?believe?about?aging?
A)?It?should?cause?no?alarm?whatsoever.
B)?They?just?cannot?do?anything?about?it.
C)?It?should?be?regarded?as?a?kind?of?disease.
D)?They?can?delay?it?with?advances?in?science.
47.?How?do?many?scientists?view?aging?now?
A)?It?might?be?prevented?and?treated.
B)?It?can?be?as?risky?as?heart?disease.
C)?It?results?from?a?vitamin?deficiency.
D)?It?is?an?irreversible?biological?process.
48.?What?does?Alex?Zhavoronkov?think?of?“describing?aging?as?a?disease“?
A)?It?will?prompt?people?to?take?aging?more?seriously.
B)?It?will?greatly?help?reduce?the?side?effects?of?aging.
C)?It?will?free?pharmacists?from?the?conventional?beliefs?about?aging.
D)?It?will?motivate?doctors?and?pharmacists?to?find?ways?to?treat?aging.
49.?What?do?we?learn?about?the?medical?community?
A)?They?now?have?a?strong?interest?in?research?on?aging.
B)?They?differ?from?the?academic?circles?in?their?view?on?aging.
C)?They?can?contribute?to?people’s?health?only?to?a?limited?extent.
D)?They?have?ways?to?intervene?in?people’s?aging?process.
50.?What?does?professor?Leonard?Hayflick?believe?
A)?The?human?lifespan?cannot?be?prolonged.
B)?Aging?is?hardly?separable?from?disease.
C)?Few?people?live?up?to?the?age?of?92.
D)?Heart?disease?is?the?major?cause?of?aging.

Passage?Two

Questions?51?to?55?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

Female?applicants?to?postdoctoral?positions?in?geosciences?were?nearly?half?as?likely?to?receive?excellent?letters?of?recommendation,?compared?with?their?male?counterparts.?Christopher?Intagliata?reports.
As?in?many?other?fields,?gender?bias?is?widespread?in?the?sciences.?Men?score?higher?starting?salaries,?have?more?mentoring?(指导),?and?have?better?odds?of?being?hired.?Studies?show?they’re?also?perceived?as?more?competent?than?women?in?STEM?(Science,?Technology,?Engineering,?and?Mathematics)?fields.?And?new?research?reveals?that?men?are?more?likely?to?receive?excellent?letters?of?recommendation,?too.
Say,?you?know,?this?is?the?best?student?I’ve?ever?had,”?says?Kuheli?Dutt,?a?social?scientist?and?diversity?officer?at?Columbia?University’s?Lamont?campus./ “Compare?those?excellent?letters?with?a?merely?good?letter:?‘The?candidate?was?productive,?or?intelligent,?or?a?solid?scientist?or?something?that’s?clearly?solid?praise,?but?nothing?that?singles?out?the?candidate?as?exceptional?or?one?of?a?kind.”
Dutt?and?her?colleagues?studied?more?than?1,200?letters?of?recommendation?for?postdoctoral?positions?in?geoscience.?They?were?all?edited?for?gender?and?other?identifying?information,?so?Dutt?and?her?team?could?assign?them?a?score?without?knowing?the?gender?of?the?student.?They?found?that?female?applicants?were?only?half?as?likely?to?get?outstanding?letters,?compared?with?their?male?counterparts.?That?includes?letters?of?recommendation?from?all?over?the?world,?and?written?by,?yes,?men?and?women.?The?findings?are?in?the?journal?Nature?Geoscience.
Dutt?says?they?were?not?able?to?evaluate?the?actual?scientific?qualifications?of?the?applicants?using?the?data?in?the?files.?But?she?says?the?results?still?suggest?women?in?geoscience?are?at?a?potential?disadvantage?from?the?very?beginning?of?their?careers?starting?with?those?less?than?outstanding?letters?of?recommendation.
We’re?not?trying?to?assign?blame?or?criticize?anyone?or?call?anyone?conscious?sexist.?Rather,?the?point?is?to?use?the?results?of?this?study?to?open?up?meaningful?dialogues?on?implicit?gender?bias,?be?it?at?a?departmental?level?or?an?institutional?level?or?even?a?discipline?level.”?Which?may?lead?to?some?recommendations?for?the?letter?writers?themselves.
51.?What?do?we?learn?about?applicants?to?postdoctoral?positions?in?geosciences?
A)?There?are?many?more?men?applying?than?women.
B)?Chances?for?women?to?get?the?positions?are?scare.
C)?More?males?than?females?are?likely?to?get?outstanding?letters?of?recommendation.
D)?Male?applicants?have?more?interest?in?these?positions?than?their?female?counterparts.
52.?What?do?studies?about?men?and?women?in?scientific?research?show?
A)?Women?engaged?in?postdoctoral?work?are?quickly?catching?up.
B)?Fewer?women?are?applying?for?postdoctoral?positions?due?to?gender?bias.
C)?Men?are?believed?to?be?better?able?to?excel?in?STEM?disciplines.
D)?Women?who?are?keenly?interested?in?STEM?fields?are?often?exceptional.
53.?What?do?the?studies?find?about?the?recommendation?letters?for?women?applicants?
A)?They?are?hardly?ever?supported?by?concrete?examples.
B)?They?contain?nothing?that?distinguishes?the?applicants.
C)?They?provide?objective?information?without?exaggeration.
D)?They?are?often?filled?with?praise?for?exceptional?applicants.
54.?What?did?Dutt?and?her?colleagues?do?with?the?more?than?1,200?letters?of?recommendation?
A)?They?asked?unbiased?scholars?to?evaluate?them.
B)?They?invited?women?professionals?to?edit?them.
C)?They?assigned?them?randomly?to?reviewers.
D)?They?deleted?all?information?about?gender.
55.?What?does?Dutt?aim?to?do?with?her?study?
A)?Raise?recommendation?writers’?awareness?of?gender?bias?in?their?letters.
B)?Open?up?fresh?avenues?for?women?postdoctors?to?join?in?research?work.
C)?Alert?women?researchers?to?all?types?of?gender?bias?in?the?STEM?disciplines.
D)?Start?a?public?discussion?on?how?to?raise?women’s?status?in?academic?circles.

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题卷翻译第三套:

Part?IV?Translation?(30?minutes)

Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?translate?a?passage?from?Chinese?into English.?You?should?write?your?answer?on?Answer?Sheet?2.
黄山位于安徽省南部。它风光奇特,尤以其日出和云海著称。要赏识大年夜山的雄伟绚丽,凡是得向上看。但要赏识黄山美景,得向下看。黄山的湿润天色有利于茶树生成,是中国首要产茶地之一。这里还有很多温泉,其泉水有助于防治皮肤病。黄山是中国首要旅游目标地之一,也是摄影和传统国画最受欢迎的主题。

2017年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题卷答案第三套:

Part?Ⅰ?Writing

Mutual?Understanding?Is?Most?Important

When?we?talk?about?the?relationship?between?doctors?and?patients,?what?comes?into?my?mind?is?generally?negative?news.?However,?I?believe?there?is?a?way?for?doctors?and?patients?to?get?along?harmoniouslythat?is?mutual?understanding./
On?the?one?hand,?patients?are?helpless?and?worried?when?they?go?to?hospital.?So?doctor’s?attitude?or?response?is?critically?important?for?them?and?their?family.?On?the?other?hand,?doctors?have?to?face?so?many?patients?every?day?that?they?even?have?no?time?to?take?a?rest.?Such?a?high?intensity?of?work?could?drive?a?man?crazy.?Thus,?if?they?can?stand?in?each?other’s?shoes,?most?problems?could?be?solved.?Otherwise,?a?doctor’s?brief?conclusion?about?the?condition?of?patients?might?be?regarded?as?cold?blood?and?result?in?conflicts.
Nowadays,?much?effort?has?been?made?to?case?the?tension?of?doctorpatient?relationship.?But?I?think?the?most?effective?one?is?mutual?understanding?and?trust.

 

Part?II?Listening?Comprehension

声名:因为2017年12月四级测验全国共考了两套听力,本套真题听力与前两套内容不异,只是选项依次不合,是以在本套真题中不再一再显现。

Part?III?Reading?Comprehension

26-35:GLFOC?EMNJB
36-45:HDOMB?LKJGF
46-55:BADCA?CCBDA

Part?IV?Translation

Located?in?southern?Anhui?province?in?eastern?China,?Huangshan?is?known?for?its?unique?natural?scenery,?particularly?sunrises?and?sea?of?clouds.?To?appreciate?the?magnificence?of?the?mountain,?you?have?to?look?upward?in?most?cases;?while?to?enjoy?the?fascinating?landscape?of?Huangshan,?you’ve?got?to?look?downward.?The?humid?climate?of?the?area?offers?favorable?conditions?for?tea?trees?to?grow,?which?makes?the?surrounding?area?of?Huangshan?one?of?the?major?producers?of?tea.?The?mountain?is?also?home?to?numerous?hot?springs,?which?are?helpful?for?preventing?skin?disease.?As?one?of?the?top?tourist?destinations?in?China,?Huangshan?represents?the?most?popular?theme?of?photographic?works?and?traditional?Chinese?paintings.

原创文┞仿,作者:刘青,如若转载,请注明出处:/15516.html

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