2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第一套听力及答案解析

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第一套听力及答案解析

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第一套:

Part?I?Writing?(30?minutes)

Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?write?a?short?essay?on?the?importance?of?reading?ability?and?how?to?develop?it.?You?should?write?at?least?120?words?but?no?more?than?180?words.________________________________________________________________________
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2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第一套听力及答案解析

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题听力第一套:点击收听:

Section?A

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?three?news?reports.?At?the?end?of?each?news?report,?you?will?hear?two?or?three?questions.?Both?the?news?report?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once.?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Questions?1?and?2?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.

1.?A)?The?return?of?a?bottled?message?to?its?owner’s?daughter.
B)?A?New?Hampshire?man’s?joke?with?friends?on?his?wife.
C)?A?father’s?message?for?his?daughter.
D)?The?history?of?a?centuryold?motel.
2.?A)?She?wanted?to?show?gratitude?for?his?kindness.
B)?She?wanted?to?honor?her?father’s?promise.
C)?She?had?been?asked?by?her?father?to?do?so.
D)?She?was?excited?to?see?her?father’s?handwriting.

Questions?3?and?4?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.

3.?A)?People?were?concerned?about?the?number?of?bees.
B)?Several?cases?of?Zika?disease?had?been?identified.
C)?Two?million?bees?were?infected?with?disease.
D)?Zika?virus?had?destroyed?some?bee?farms.
4.?A)?It?apologized?to?its?customers.
B)?It?was?forced?to?kill?its?bees.
C)?It?lost?a?huge?stock?of?bees.
D)?It?lost?2.5?million?dollars.

Questions?5?to?7?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.

5.?A)?It?stayed?in?the?air?for?about?two?hours.
B)?It?took?off?and?landed?on?a?football?field.
C)?It?proved?to?be?of?high?commercial?value.
D)?It?made?a?series?of?sharp?turns?in?the?sky.
6.?A)?Engineering?problems.
B)?The?air?pollution?it?produced.
C)?Inadequate?funding.
D)?The?opposition?from?the?military.
7.?A)?It?uses?the?latest?aviation?technology.
B)?It?flies?faster?than?a?commercial?jet.
C)?It?is?a?safer?means?of?transportation.
D)?It?is?more?environmentally?friendly.

Section?B

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?two?long?conversations.?At?the?end?of?each?conversation,?you?will?hear?four?questions.?Both?the?conversation?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once.?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Questions?8?to?11?are?based?on?the?conversation?you?have?just?heard.

8.?A)?It?seems?a?depressing?topic.
B)?It?sounds?quite?alarming.
C)?It?has?little?impact?on?our?daily?life.
D)?It?is?getting?more?serious?these?days.
9.?A)?The?man?doesn’t?understand?Spanish.
B)?The?woman?doesn’t?really?like?dancing.
C)?They?don’t?want?something?too?noisy.
D)?They?can’t?make?it?to?the?theatre?in?time.
10.?A)?It?would?be?more?fun?without?Mr.?Whitehead?hosting.
B)?It?has?too?many?acts?to?hold?the?audience’s?attention.
C)?It?is?the?most?amusing?show?he?has?ever?watched.
D)?It?is?a?show?inappropriate?for?a?night?of?charity.
11.?A)?Watch?a?comedy.
B)?Go?and?see?the?dance.
C)?Book?the?tickets?online.
D)?See?a?film?with?the?man.

Questions?12?to?15?are?based?on?the?conversation?you?have?just?heard.

12.?A)?Most?of?her?schoolmates?are?younger?than?she?is.
B)?She?simply?has?no?idea?what?school?to?transfer?to.
C)?There?are?too?many?activities?for?her?to?cope?with.
D)?She?worries?she?won’t?fit?in?as?a?transfer?student.
13.?A)?Seek?advice?from?senior?students.
B)?Pick?up?some?meaningful?hobbies.
C)?Participate?in?afterschool?activities.
D)?Look?into?what?the?school?offers.
14.?A)?Give?her?help?whenever?she?needs?it.
B)?Accept?her?as?a?transfer?student.
C)?Find?her?accommodation?on?campus.
D)?Introduce?her?to?her?roommates.
15.?A)?She?has?interests?similar?to?Mr.?Lee’s.
B)?She?has?become?friends?with?Catherine.
C)?She?has?chosen?the?major?Catherine?has.
D)?She?has?just?transferred?to?the?college.

Section?C

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?three?passages.?At?the?end?of?each?passage,?you?will?hear?three?or?four?questions.?Both?the?passage?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once.?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Questions?16?to?18?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.

16.?A)?To?investigate?how?being?overweight?impacts?on?health.
B)?To?find?out?which?physical?drive?is?the?most?powerful.
C)?To?discover?what?most?mice?like?to?eat.
D)?To?determine?what?feelings?mice?have.
17.?A)?When?they?are?hungry.
B)?When?they?are?thirsty.
C)?When?they?smell?food.
D)?When?they?want?company.
18.?A)?They?search?for?food?in?groups.
B)?They?are?overweight?when?food?is?plenty.
C)?They?prefer?to?be?with?other?mice.
D)?They?enjoy?the?company?of?other?animals.

Questions?19?to?21?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.

19.?A)?Its?construction?started?before?World?War?I.
B)?Its?construction?cost?more?than?$ 40?billion.
C)?It?is?efficiently?used?for?transport.
D)?It?is?one?of?the?best?in?the?world.
20.?A)?To?improve?transportation?in?the?countryside.
B)?To?move?troops?quickly?from?place?to?place.
C)?To?enable?people?to?travel?at?a?higher?speed.
D)?To?speed?up?the?transportation?of?goods.
21.?A)?In?the?1970s.
B)?In?the?1960s.
C)?In?the?1950s.
D)?In?the?1940s.

Questions?22?to?25?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.

22.?A)?Chatting?while?driving.
B)?Messaging?while?driving.
C)?Driving?under?age.
D)?Speeding?on?highways.
23.?A)?A?gadget?to?hold?a?phone?on?the?steering?wheel.
B)?A?gadget?to?charge?the?phone?in?a?car.
C)?A?device?to?control?the?speed?of?a?vehicle.
D)?A?device?to?ensure?people?drive?with?both?hands.
24.?A)?The?car?keeps?flashing?its?headlights.
B)?The?car?slows?down?gradually?to?a?halt.
C)?They?are?alerted?with?a?light?and?a?sound.
D)?They?get?a?warning?on?their?smart?phone.
25.?A)?Installing?a?camera.
B)?Using?a?connected?app.
C)?Checking?their?emails.
D)?Keeping?a?daily?record.

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题听力答案:

1.?A)?The?return?of?a?bottled?message?to?its?owner’s?daughter.
2.?B)?She?wanted?to?honor?her?father’s?promise.
3.?B)?Several?cases?of?Zika?disease?had?been?identified.
4.?C)?It?lost?a?huge?stock?of?bees.
5.?A)?It?stayed?in?the?air?for?about?two?hours.
6.?C)?Inadequate?funding.
7.?D)?It?is?more?environmentally?friendly.
8.?A)?It?seems?a?depressing?topic.
9.?D)?They?can’t?make?it?to?the?theatre?in?time.
10.?C)?It?is?the?most?amusing?show?he?has?ever?watched.
11.?B)?Go?and?see?the?dance.
12.?D)?She?worries?she?won’t?fit?in?as?a?transfer?student.
13.?C)?Participate?in?afterschool?activities.
14.?A)?Give?her?help?whenever?she?needs?it.
15.?D)?She?has?just?transferred?to?the?college.
16.?B)?To?find?out?which?physical?drive?is?the?most?powerful.
17.?A)?When?they?are?hungry.
18.?C)?They?prefer?to?be?with?other?mice.
19.?D)?It?is?one?of?the?best?in?the?world.
20.?B)?To?move?troops?quickly?from?place?to?place.
21.?A)?In?the?1970s.
22.?B)?Messaging?while?driving.
23.?D)?A?device?to?ensure?people?drive?with?both?hands.
24.?C)?They?are?alerted?with?a?light?and?a?sound.
25.?B)?Using?a?connected?app.

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验阅读第一套:

Part?Ⅲ?Reading?Comprehension?(40?minutes)

Section?A

Directions:?In?this?section,?there?is?a?passage?with?ten?blanks.?You?are?required?to?select?one?word?for?each?blank?from?a?list?of?choices?given?in?a?word?bank?following?the?passage.?Read?the?passage?through?carefully?before?making?your?choices.?Each?choice?in?the?bank?is?identified?by?a?letter.?Please?mark?the?corresponding?letter?for?each?item?on?Answer?Sheet?2?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.?You?may?not?use?any?of?the?words?in?the?bank?more?than?once./

An?office?tower?on?Miller?Street?in?Manchester?is?completely?covered?in?solar?panels.?They?are?used?to?create?some?of?the?energy?used?by?the?insurance?company?inside.?When?the?tower?was?first?26?in?1962,?it?was?covered?with?thin?square?stones.?These?small?square?stones?became?a?problem?for?the?building?and?continued?to?fall?off?the?face?for?40?years?until?a?major?renovation?was?27?.?During?this?renovation?the?building’s?owners,?CIS,?28?the?solar?panel?company,?Solarcentury.?They?agreed?to?cover?the?entire?building?in?solar?panels.?In?2004,?the?completed?CIS?tower?became?Europe’s?largest?29?of?vertical?solar?panels.?A?vertical?solar?project?on?such?a?large?30?has?never?been?repeated?since.
Covering?a?skyscraper?with?solar?panels?had?never?been?done?before,?and?the?CIS?tower?was?chosen?as?one?of?the?“10?best?green?energy?projects“.?For?a?long?time?after?this?renovation?project,?it?was?the?tallest?building?in?the?United?Kingdom,?but?it?was?31?overtaken?by?the?Millbank?Tower.
Green?buildings?like?this?aren’t?32?costefficient?for?the?investor,?but?it?does?produce?much?less?pollution?than?that?caused?by?energy?33?through?fossil?fuels.?As?solar?panels?get?34?,?the?world?is?likely?to?see?more?skyscrapers?covered?in?solar?panels,?collecting?energy?much?like?trees?do.?Imagine?a?world?where?building?the?tallest?skyscraper?wasn’t?a?race?of?35?,?but?rather?one?to?collect?the?most?solar?energy.
A)?cheaper?B)?cleaner?C)?collection?D)?competed?E)?constructed?F)?consulted?G)?dimension?H)?discovered?I)?eventually?J)?height?K)?necessarily?L)?production?M)?range?N)?scale?O)?undertaken

Section?B
Directions:
?In?this?section,?you?are?going?to?read?a?passage?with?ten?statements?attached?to?it.?Each?statement?contains?information?given?in?one?of?the?paragraphs.?Identify?the?paragraph?from?which?the?information?is?derived.?You?may?choose?a?paragraph?more?than?once.?Each?paragraph?is?marked?with?a?letter.?Answer?the?questions?by?marking?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2.

Some?College?Students?Are?Angry?That?They?Have?to?Pay?to?Do?Their?Homework

A)?Digital?learning?systems?now?charge?students?for?access?codes?needed?to?complete?coursework,?take?quizzes,?and?turn?in?homework.?As?universities?go?digital,?students?are?complaining?of?a?new?hit?to?their?finances?that’s?replacingand?sometimes?joiningexpensive?textbooks:?pricey?online?access?codes?that?are?required?to?complete?coursework?and?submit?assignments.
B)?The?codeswhich?typically?range?in?price?from?$ 80?to?$ 155?per?coursegive?students?online?access?to?systems?developed?by?education?companies?like?McGraw?Hill?and?Pearson.?These?companies,?which?long?reaped?big?profits?as?textbook?publishers,?have?boasted?that?their?new?online?offerings,?when?pushed?to?students?through?universities?they?partner?with,?represent?the?future?of?the?industry.
C)?But?critics?say?the?digital?access?codes?represent?the?same?profitseeking?ethos?(不美不雅念)?of?the?textbook?business,?and?are?even?harder?for?students?to?opt?out?of.?While?they?could?once?buy?secondhand?textbooks,?or?share?copies?with?friends,?the?digital?systems?are?essentially?impossible?to?avoid.
D) “When?we?talk?about?the?access?code?we?see?it?as?the?new?face?of?the?textbook?monopoly?(垄断),?a?new?way?to?lock?students?around?this?system,”?said?Ethan?Senack,?the?higher?education?advocate?for?the?U.S.?Public?Interest?Research?Group,?to?BuzzFeed?News. “Rather?than?$250 (for?a?print?textbook)?you’re?paying?$ 120,”?said?Senack. “But?because?it’s?all?digital?it?eliminates?the?used?book?market?and?eliminates?any?sharing?and?because?homework?and?tests?are?through?an?access?code,?it?eliminates?any?ability?to?opt?out.”
E)?Sarina?Harpet,?a?19-yearold?student?at?Virginia?Tech,?was?faced?with?a?tough?dilemma?when?she?first?started?college?in?2015—pay?rent?or?pay?to?turn?in?her?chemistry?homework.?She?told?BuzzFeed?News?that?her?freshman?chemistry?class?required?her?to?use?Connect,?a?system?provided?by?McGraw?Hill?where?students?can?submit?homework,?take?exams?and?track?their?grades.?But?the?code?to?access?the?program?cost?$ 120—a?big?sum?for?Harper,?who?had?already?put?down?$ 450?for?textbooks,?and?had?rent?day?approaching.
F)?She?decided?to?wait?for?her?next?workstudy?paycheck,?which?was?typically?$ 150- $ 200,?to?pay?for?the?code.?She?knew?that?her?chemistry?grade?may?take?a?dive?as?a?result. “It’s?a?balancing?act,”?she?said. “Can?I?really?afford?these?access?codes?now?”?She?didn’t?hand?in?her?first?two?assignments?for?chemistry,?which?started?her?out?in?the?class?with?a?failing?grade.
G)?The?access?codes?may?be?another?financial?headache?for?students,?but?for?textbook?businesses,?they’re?the?future.?McGraw?Hill,?which?controls?21%?of?the?higher?education?market,?reported?in?March?that?its?digital?content?sales?exceeded?print?sales?for?the?first?time?in?2015.?The?company?said?that?45%?of?its?$ 140?million?revenue?in?2015 “was?derived?from?digital?products.”
H)?A?Pearson?spokesperson?told?BuzzFeed?News?that?“digital?materials?are?less?expensive?and?a?good?investment”?that?offer?new?features,?like?audio?texts,?personalized?knowledge?checks?and?expert?videos.?Its?digital?course?materials?save?students?up?to?60%?compared?to?traditional?printed?textbooks,?the?company?added.?McGraw?Hill?didn’t?respond?to?a?request?for?comment,?but?its?CEO?David?Levin?told?the?Financial?Times?in?August?that?“in?higher?education,?the?era?of?the?printed?textbook?is?now?over.”
I)?The?textbook?industry?insists?the?online?systems?represent?a?better?deal?for?students. “These?digital?products?aren’t?just?mechanisms?for?students?to?submit?homework,?they?offer?all?kinds?of?features,”?David?Anderson,?the?executive?director?of?higher?education?with?the?Association?of?American?Publishers,?told?BuzzFeed?News. “It?helps?students?understand?in?a?way?that?you?can’t?do?with?print?homework?assignments.”
J)?David?Hunt,?an?associate?professor?in?sociology?at?Augusta?University,?which?has?rolled?out?digital?textbooks?across?its?math?and?psychology?departments,?told?BuzzFeed?News?that?he?understands?the?utility?of?using?systems?that?require?access?codes.?But?he?doesn’t?require?his?students?to?buy?access?to?a?learning?program?that?controls?the?class?assignments. “I?try?to?make?things?as?inexpensive?as?possible,”?said?Hunt,?who?uses?free?digital?textbooks?for?his?classes?but?designs?his?own?curriculum. “The?online?systems?may?make?my?life?a?lot?easier?but?I?feel?like?I’m?giving?up?control.?The?discussions?are?the?things?where?my?expertise?can?benefit?the?students?most.”
K)?A?20-yearold?junior?at?Georgia?Southern?University?told?BuzzFeed?News?that?she?normally?spends?$ 500-$ 600?on?access?codes?for?class.?In?one?case,?the?professor?didn’t?require?students?to?buy?a?textbook,?just?an?access?code?to?turn?in?homework.?This?year?she?said?she?spent?$ 900?on?access?codes?to?books?and?programs. “That’s?two?months?of?rent,”?she?said. “You?can’t?sell?any?of?it?back.?With?a?traditional?textbook?you?can?sell?it?for?$ 30 – $ 50?and?that?helps?to?pay?for?your?new?semester’s?books.?With?an?access?code,?you’re?out?of?that?money. ”
L)?Benjamin?Wolverton,?a?19-yearold?student?at?the?University?of?South?Carolina,?told?BuzzFeed?News?that?“it’s?ridiculous?that?after?paying?tens?of?thousands?in?tuition?we?have?to?pay?for?all?these?access?codes?to?do?our?homework.”?Many?of?the?access?codes?he’s?purchased?have?been?required?simply?to?complete?homework?or?quizzes. “Often?it’s?only?10%?of?your?grade?in?class.”?he?said. “You’re?paying?so?much?money?for?something?that?hardly?affects?your?gradebut?if?you?didn’t?have?it,?it?would?affect?your?grades?enough.?It?would?be?bad?to?start?out?at?a?B?or?C.”?Wolverton?said?he?spent?$ 500?on?access?codes?for?digital?books?and?programs?this?semester.
M)?Harper,?a?poultry?(家禽)?science?major,?is?taking?chemistry?again?this?year?and?had?to?buy?a?new?access?code?to?hand?in?her?homework.?She?rented?her?economics?and?statistics?textbooks?for?about?$ 20?each.?But?her?access?codes?for?homework,?which?can’t?be?rented?or?bought?secondhand,?were?her?most?expensive?purchases: $ 120?and?$ 85.
N)?She?still?remembers?the?sting?of?her?first?experience?skipping?an?assignment?due?to?the?high?prices. “We?don’t?really?have?a?missed?assignment?policy,”?she?said. “If?you?miss?it,?you?just?miss?it.?I?just?got?zeros?on?a?couple?of?first?assignments.?I?managed?to?pull?everything?back?up.?But?as?a?scared?freshman?looking?at?their?grades,?it’s?not?fun.”
36.?A?student’s?yearly?expenses?on?access?codes?may?amount?to?their?rent?for?two?months.
37.?The?online?access?codes?may?be?seen?as?a?way?to?tie?the?students?to?the?digital?system.
38.?If?a?student?takes?a?course?again,?they?may?have?to?buy?a?new?access?code?to?submit?their?assignments.
39.?McGraw?Hill?accounts?for?over?onefifth?of?the?market?share?of?college?textbooks.
40.?Many?traditional?textbook?publishers?are?now?offering?online?digital?products,?which?they?believe?will?be?the?future?of?the?publishing?business.
41.?One?student?complained?that?they?now?had?to?pay?for?access?codes?in?addition?to?the?high?tuition.
42.?Digital?materials?can?cost?students?less?than?half?the?price?of?traditional?printed?books?according?to?a?publisher.
43.?One?student?decided?not?to?buy?her?access?code?until?she?received?the?pay?for?her?parttime?job.
44.?Online?systems?may?deprive?teachers?of?opportunities?to?make?the?best?use?of?their?expertise?for?their?students.
45.?Digital?access?codes?are?criticized?because?they?are?profitdriven?just?like?the?textbook?business.

Section?C

Directions:?There?are?2?passages?in?this?section.?Each?passage?is?followed?by?some?questions?or?unfinished?statements.?For?each?of?them?there?are?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?You?should?decide?on?the?best?choice?and?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Passage?One

Questions?46?and?50?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

Losing?your?ability?to?think?and?remember?is?pretty?scary.?We?know?the?risk?of?dementia?(痴呆症)?increases?with?age.?But?if?you?have?memory?slips,?you?probably?needn’t?worry.?There?are?pretty?clear?differences?between?signs?of?dementia?and?agerelated?memory?loss.
After?age?50,?it’s?quite?common?to?have?trouble?remembering?the?names?of?people,?places?and?things?quickly,?says?Dr.?Kirk?Daffner?of?Brigham?and?Women’s?Hospital?in?Boston.
The?brain?ages?just?like?the?rest?of?the?body.?Certain?parts?shrink,?especially?areas?in?the?brain?that?are?important?to?learning,?memory?and?planning.?Changes?in?brain?cells?can?affect?communication?between?different?regions?of?the?brain.?And?blood?flow?can?be?reduced?as?blood?vessels?narrow.
Forgetting?the?name?of?an?actor?in?a?favorite?movie,?for?example,?is?nothing?to?worry?about.?But?if?you?forget?the?plot?of?the?movie?or?don’t?remember?even?seeing?it,?that’s?far?more?concerning,?Daffner?says./
When?you?forget?entire?experiences,?he?says,?that’s?“a?red?flag?that?something?more?serious?may?be?involved.”?Forgetting?how?to?operate?a?familiar?object?like?a?microwave?oven,?or?forgetting?how?to?drive?to?the?house?of?a?friend?you’ve?visited?many?times?before?can?also?be?signs?of?something?going?wrong.
But?even?then,?Daffner?says,?people?shouldn’t?panic.?There?are?many?things?that?can?cause?confusion?and?memory?loss,?including?health?problems?like?temporary?stoppage?of?breathing?during?sleep,?high?blood?pressure,?or?depression,?as?well?as?medications?(药物)?like?antidepressants.
You?don’t?have?to?figure?this?out?on?your?own.?Daffner?suggests?going?to?your?doctor?to?check?on?medications,?health?problems?and?other?issues?that?could?be?affecting?memory.?And?the?best?defense?against?memory?loss?is?to?try?to?prevent?it?by?building?up?your?brain’s?cognitive?(认知的)?reserve,?Daffner?says.
Read?books,?go?to?movies,?take?on?new?hobbies?or?activities?that?force?one?to?think?in?novel?ways,”?he?says.?In?other?words,?keep?your?brain?busy?and?working.?And?also?get?physically?active,?because?exercise?is?a?known?brain?booster.
46.?Why?does?the?author?say?that?one?needn’t?be?concerned?about?memory?slips?
A)?Not?all?of?them?are?symptoms?of?dementia.
B)?They?occur?only?among?certain?groups?of?people.
C)?Not?all?of?them?are?related?to?one’s?age.
D)?They?are?quite?common?among?fiftyyearolds.
47.?What?happens?as?we?become?aged?according?to?the?passage?
A)?Our?interaction?skills?deteriorate.
B)?Some?parts?of?our?brain?stop?functioning.
C)?Communication?within?our?brain?weakens.
D)?Our?whole?brain?starts?shrinking.
48.?Which?memoryrelated?symptom?should?people?take?seriously?
A)?Totally?forgetting?how?to?do?one’s?daily?routines.
B)?Inability?to?recall?details?of?one’s?life?experiences.
C)?Failure?to?remember?the?names?of?movies?or?actors.
D)?Occasionally?confusing?the?addresses?of?one’s?friends.
49.?What?should?people?do?when?signs?of?serious?memory?loss?show?up?
A)?Check?the?brain’s?cognitive?reserve.
B)?Stop?medications?affecting?memory.
C)?Turn?to?a?professional?for?assistance.
D)?Exercise?to?improve?their?wellbeing.
50.?What?is?Dr.?Daffner’s?advice?for?combating?memory?loss?
A)?Having?regular?physical?and?mental?checkups.
B)?Taking?medicine?that?helps?boost?one’s?brain.
C)?Engaging?in?known?memory?repair?activities.
D)?Staying?active?both?physically?and?mentally.

Passage?Two

Questions?51?to?55?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

A?letter?written?by?Charles?Darwin?in?1875?has?been?returned?to?the?Smithsonian?Institution?Archives?(档案馆)?by?the?FBI?after?being?stolen?twice.
We?realized?in?the?mid-1970s?that?it?was?missing,”?says?Effie?Kapsalis,?head?of?the?Smithsonian?Insitution?Archives. “It?was?noted?as?missing?and?likely?taken?by?an?intern?(实习生),?from?what?the?FBI?is?telling?us.?Word?got?out?that?it?was?missing?when?someone?asked?to?see?the?letter?for?research?purposes,”?and?the?intern?put?the?letter?back. “The?intern?likely?took?the?letter?again?once?nobody?was?watching?it.”
Decades?passed.?Finally,?the?FBI?received?a?tip?that?the?stolen?document?was?located?very?close?to?Washington,?D.C.?Their?art?crime?team?recovered?the?letter?but?were?unable?to?press?charges?because?the?time?of?limitations?had?ended.?The?FBI?worked?closely?with?the?Archives?to?determine?that?the?letter?was?both?authentic?and?definitely?Smithsonian’s?property.
The?letter?was?written?by?Darwin?to?thank?an?American?geologist,?Dr.?Ferdinand?Vandeveer?Hayden,?for?sending?him?copies?of?his?research?into?the?geology?of?the?region?that?would?become?Yellowstone?National?Park.
The?letter?is?in?fairly?good?condition,?in?spite?of?being?out?of?the?care?of?trained?museum?staff?for?so?long. “It?was?luckily?in?good?shape,”?says?Kapsalis, “and?we?just?have?to?do?some?minor?things?in?order?to?be?able?to?unfold?it.?It?has?some?glue?on?it?that?has?colored?it?slightly,?but?nothing?that?will?prevent?us?from?using?it.?After?it?is?repaired,?we?will?take?digital?photos?of?it?and?that?will?be?available?online.?One?of?our?goals?is?to?get?items?of?high?research?value?or?interest?to?the?public?online.”
It?would?now?be?difficult?for?an?intern,?visitor?or?a?thief?to?steal?a?document?like?this. “Archiving?practices?have?changed?greatly?since?the?1970s,”?says?Kapsalis, “and?we?keep?our?high?value?documents?in?a?safe?that?I?don’t?even?have?access?to.”
51.?What?happened?to?Darwin’s?letter?in?the?1970s?
A)?It?was?recovered?by?the?FBI.
B)?It?was?stolen?more?than?once.
C)?It?was?put?in?the?archives?for?research?purposes.
D)?It?was?purchased?by?the?Smithsonian?Archives.
52.?What?did?the?FBI?do?after?the?recovery?of?the?letter?
A)?They?proved?its?authenticity.
B)?They?kept?it?in?a?special?safe.
C)?They?arrested?the?suspect?immediately.
D)?They?pressed?criminal?charges?in?vain.
53.?What?is?Darwin’s?letter?about?
A)?The?evolution?of?Yellowstone?National?Park.
B)?His?cooperation?with?an?American?geologist.
C)?Some?geological?evidence?supporting?his?theory.
D)?His?acknowledgement?of?help?from?a?professional.
54.?What?will?the?Smithsonian?Institution?Archives?do?with?the?letter?according?to?Kapsalis?
A)?Reserve?it?for?research?purposes?only.
B)?Turn?it?into?an?object?of?high?interest.
C)?Keep?it?a?permanent?secret.
D)?Make?it?available?online.
55.?What?has?the?past?half?century?witnessed?according?to?Kapsalis?
A)?Growing?interest?in?rare?art?objects.
B)?Radical?changes?in?archiving?practices.
C)?Recovery?of?various?missing?documents.
D)?Increases?in?the?value?of?museum?exhibits.

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验翻译第一套:

Part?IV?Translation?(30?minutes)

Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?translate?a?passage?from?Chinese?into English.?You?should?write?your?answer?on?Answer?Sheet?2.
畴昔,乘飞机出行对大年夜大年夜都中国人来讲是不可思议的。现在,随着经济的成长和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人搜罗很多农夫和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机达到所有大年夜城市,还有很多城市也在筹建机场。航空处事不竭改进,并且常常会有便宜机票。最近几年来,节假日时代选择乘飞机外出旅游的人数在不竭增添。

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题参考答案第一套:

Part?Ⅰ?Writing

The?Importance?of?Reading?Ability?and?How?to?Develop?It

As?the?most?frequently?used?way?to?get?access?to?the?original?material,?reading?has?always?been?considered?one?of?the?most?important?parts?of?language?learning.?This?explains?why?reading?skills?should?be?highly?emphasized.
Then?how?to?improve?our?reading?skills??First?of?all,?scan?the?material?before?we?begin.?Whatever?the?purpose?of?our?reading?is,?take?a?few?minutes?to?look?the?piece?over?to?check?and?see?how?the?work?is?structured?and?presented.?Secondly,?try?not?to?reach?for?the?dictionary?when?we?come?to?a?word?we?don’t?know.?Instead,?try?to?guess?the?meaning?of?the?word?based?on?the?context.?Last?but?not?least,?write?a?few?sentences?to?summarize?what?we’ve?read?since?it?is?a?way?of?checking?that?we?understand?what?we’re?reading./
Above?all,?reading?has?important?benefits?and?can?help?us?learn?the?language?faster?and?more?completely,?which?encourages?each?language?learner?to?develop?their?reading?skills?as?suggested.

Part?Ⅱ?Listening?Comprehension

1.?A)?The?return?of?a?bottled?message?to?its?owner’s?daughter.
2.?B)?She?wanted?to?honor?her?father’s?promise.
3.?B)?Several?cases?of?Zika?disease?had?been?identified.
4.?C)?It?lost?a?huge?stock?of?bees.
5.?A)?It?stayed?in?the?air?for?about?two?hours.
6.?C)?Inadequate?funding.
7.?D)?It?is?more?environmentally?friendly.
8.?A)?It?seems?a?depressing?topic.
9.?D)?They?can’t?make?it?to?the?theatre?in?time.
10.?C)?It?is?the?most?amusing?show?he?has?ever?watched.
11.?B)?Go?and?see?the?dance.
12.?D)?She?worries?she?won’t?fit?in?as?a?transfer?student.
13.?C)?Participate?in?afterschool?activities.
14.?A)?Give?her?help?whenever?she?needs?it.
15.?D)?She?has?just?transferred?to?the?college.
16.?B)?To?find?out?which?physical?drive?is?the?most?powerful.
17.?A)?When?they?are?hungry.
18.?C)?They?prefer?to?be?with?other?mice.
19.?D)?It?is?one?of?the?best?in?the?world.
20.?B)?To?move?troops?quickly?from?place?to?place.
21.?A)?In?the?1970s.
22.?B)?Messaging?while?driving.
23.?D)?A?device?to?ensure?people?drive?with?both?hands.
24.?C)?They?are?alerted?with?a?light?and?a?sound.
25.?B)?Using?a?connected?app.

Part?III?Reading?Comprehension

26-35:?EOFCN?IKLAJ
36-45:?KDMGB?LHFJC
46-55:?ACACD?BADDB

Part?IV?Translation

In?the?past,?traveling?by?plane?was?unimaginable?for?most?Chinese?people.?Today,?with?the?development?of?China’s?economy?and?the?improvement?of?people’s?living?standards,?more?and?more?Chinese?people,?including?many?farmers?and?migrant?workers,?can?travel?by?air.?They?can?fly?to?all?major?cities,?and?many?other?cities?are?also?planning?to?build?airports.?Air?services?continue?to?improve,?and?there?are?often?cheap?flights.?In?recent?years,?the?number?of?people?choosing?to?travel?by?air?during?holidays?has?been?increasing.

原创文┞仿,作者:刘青,如若转载,请注明出处:/16168.html

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