2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验阅读真题第三套听力及答案

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验阅读真题第三套听力及答案

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验阅读真题写作:

Part?I?Writing?(30?minutes)

Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?write?a?short?essay?on?the?importance?of?speaking?ability?and?how?to?develop?it.?You?should?write?at?least?120?words?but?no?more?than?180?words.______________________________________________________________________
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2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验阅读真题第三套听力及答案

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验阅读真题写作:

Part?II?Listening?Comprehension?(30?minutes)

声名:因为2018年6月四级测验全国共考了两套听力, 本套真题听力与前两套内容不异, 只是选项依次不合, 是以在本套真题中不再一再显现。

具体点击:

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第一套听力及答案解析

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第二套听力音频及答案

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题阅读:

Part?Ⅲ?Reading?Comprehension?(40?minutes)

Section?A

Directions:?In?this?section,?there?is?a?passage?with?ten?blanks.?You?are?required?to?select?one?word?for?each?blank?from?a?list?of?choices?given?in?a?word?bank?following?the?passage.?Read?the?passage?through?carefully?before?making?your?choices.?Each?choice?in?the?bank?is?identified?by?a?letter.?Please?mark?the?corresponding?letter?for?each?item?on?Answer?Sheet?2?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.?You?may?not?use?any?of?the?words?in?the?bank?more?than?once./

Neon?(霓虹)?is?to?Hong?Kong?as?red?phone?booths?are?to?London?and?fog?is?to?San?Francisco.?When?night?falls,?red?and?blue?and?other?colors?26?a?hazy?(雾蒙蒙的)?glow?over?a?city?lit?up?by?tens?of?thousands?of?neon?signs.?But?many?of?them?are?going?dark,?27?by?more?practical,?but?less?romantic,?LEDs?(发光二极管).
Changing?building?codes,?evolving?tastes,?and?the?high?cost?of?maintaining?those?wonderful?old?signs?have?businesses?embracing?LEDs,?which?are?energy?28?,?but?still?carry?great?cost. “To?me,?neon?represents?memories?of?the?past,”?says?photographer?Sharon?Blance,?whose?series?Hong?Kong?Neon?celebrates?the?city’s?famous?signs. “Looking?at?the?signs?now?I?get?a?feeling?of?amazement,?mixed?with?sadness.”
Building?a?neon?sign?is?an?art?practiced?by?29?trained?on?the?job?to?mold?glass?tubes?into?30?shapes?and?letters.?They?fill?these?tubes?with?gases?that?glow?when?31?.?Neon?makes?orange,?while?other?gases?make?yellow?or?blue.?It?takes?many?hours?to?craft?a?single?sign.
Blance?spent?a?week?in?Hong?Kong?and?32?more?than?60?signs; 22?of?them?appear?in?the?series?that?capture?the?signs?lighting?up?lonely?streetsan?33?that?makes?it?easy?to?admire?their?colors?and?craftsmanship. “I?love?the?beautiful,?handcrafted,?oldfashioned?34?of?neon,”?says?Blance.?The?signs?do?nothing?more?than?35?a?restaurant,?theater,?or?other?business,?but?do?so?in?the?most?striking?way?possible.
A)?alternative?B)?approach?C)?cast?D)?challenging?E)?decorative?F)?efficient?G)?electrified?H)?identify?I)?photographed?J)?professionals?K)?quality?L)?replaced?M)?stimulate?N)?symbolizes?O)?volunteers

Section?B
Directions:
?In?this?section,?you?are?going?to?read?a?passage?with?ten?statements?attached?to?it.?Each?statement?contains?information?given?in?one?of?the?paragraphs.?Identify?the?paragraph?from?which?the?information?is?derived.?You?may?choose?a?paragraph?more?than?once.?Each?paragraph?is?marked?with?a?letter.?Answer?the?questions?by?marking?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2.

New?Jersey?School?District?Eases?Pressure?on?StudentsBaring?an?Ethnic?Divide

A)?This?fall,?David?Aderhold,?the?chief?of?a?highachieving?school?district?near?Princeton,?New?Jersey,?sent?parents?an?alarming?16-page?letter.?The?school?district,?he?said,?was?facing?a?crisis.?Its?students?were?overburdened?and?stressed?out,?having?to?cope?with?too?much?work?and?too?many?demands.?In?the?previous?school?year, 120?middle?and?high?school?students?were?recommended?for?mental?health?assessments?and?40?were?hospitalized.?And?on?a?survey?administered?by?the?district,?students?wrote?things?like, “I?hate?going?to?school,”?and?“Coming?out?of?12?years?in?this?district,?I?have?learned?one?thing:?that?a?grade,?a?percentage?or?even?a?point?is?to?be?valued?over?anything?else.”
B)?With?his?letter,?Aderhold?inserted?West?WindsorPlainsboro?Regional?School?District?into?a?national?discussion?about?the?intense?focus?on?achievement?at?elite?schools,?and?whether?it?has?gone?too?far.?At?followup?meetings,?he?urged?parents?to?join?him?in?advocating?a?“whole?child”?approach?to?schooling?that?respects?“socialemotional?development”?and?“deep?and?meaningful?learning”?over?academics?alone.?The?alternative,?he?suggested,?was?to?face?the?prospect?of?becoming?another?Palo?Alto,?California,?where?outsize?stress?on?teenage?students?is?believed?to?have?contributed?to?a?number?of?suicides?in?the?last?six?years.
C)?But?instead?of?bringing?families?together,?Aderhold’s?letter?revealed?a?divide?in?the?district,?which?has?9,700?students,?and?one?that?broke?down?roughly?along?racial?lines.?On?one?side?are?white?parents?like?Catherine?Foley,?a?former?president?of?the?ParentTeacherStudent?Association?at?her?daughter’s?middle?school,?who?has?come?to?see?the?district’s?increasingly?pressured?atmosphere?as?opposed?to?learning. “My?son?was?in?fourth?grade?and?told?me,?‘I’m?not?going?to?amount?to?anything?because?I?have?nothing?to?put?on?my?resume,”?she?said.?On?the?other?side?are?parents?like?Mike?Jia,?one?of?the?thousands?of?AsianAmerican?professionals?who?have?moved?to?the?district?in?the?past?decade,?who?said?Aderhold’s?reforms?would?amount?to?a?“dumbing?down”?of?his?children’s?education. “What?is?happening?here?reflects?a?national?antiintellectual?trend?that?will?not?prepare?our?children?for?the?future,”?Jia?said.
D)?About?10?minutes?from?Princeton?and?an?hour?and?a?half?from?New?York?City,?West?Windsor?and?Plainsboro?have?become?popular?bedroom?communities?for?technology?entrepreneurs,?researchers?and?engineers,?drawn?in?large?part?by?the?public?schools.?From?the?last?three?graduating?classes, 16?seniors?were?admitted?to?MIT.?It?produces?Science?Olympiad?winners,?classically?trained?musicians?and?students?with?perfect?SAT?scores.
E)?The?district?has?become?increasingly?popular?with?immigrant?families?from?China,?India?and?Korea.?This?year, 65?percent?of?its?students?are?AsianAmerican,?compared?with?44?percent?in?2007.?Many?of?them?are?the?first?in?their?families?born?in?the?United?States.?They?have?had?a?growing?influence?on?the?district.?AsianAmerican?parents?are?enthusiastic?supporters?of?the?competitive?instrumental?music?program.?They?have?been?huge?supporters?of?the?district’s?advanced?mathematics?program,?which?once?began?in?the?fourth?grade?but?will?now?start?in?the?sixth.?The?change?to?the?program,?in?which?90?percent?of?the?participating?students?are?AsianAmerican,?is?one?of?Aderhold’s?reforms.
F)?AsianAmerican?students?have?been?eager?participants?in?a?state?program?that?permits?them?to?take?summer?classes?off?campus?for?high?school?credit,?allowing?them?to?maximize?the?number?of?honors?and?Advanced?Placement?classes?they?can?take,?another?practice?that?Aderhold?is?limiting?this?school?year.?With?many?AsianAmerican?children?attending?supplementary?instructional?programs,?there?is?a?perception?among?some?white?families?that?the?elementary?school?curriculum?is?being?sped?up?to?accommodate?them.
G)?Both?AsianAmerican?and?white?families?say?the?tension?between?the?two?groups?has?grown?steadily?over?the?past?few?years,?as?the?number?of?Asian?families?has?risen.?But?the?division?has?become?more?obvious?in?recent?months?as?Aderhold?has?made?changes,?including?nohomework?nights,?an?end?to?high?school?midterms?and?finals,?and?an?initiative?that?made?it?easier?to?participate?in?the?music?program.
H)?Jennifer?Lee,?professor?of?sociology?at?the?University?of?California,?Irvine,?and?an?author?of?the?Asian?American?Achievement?Paradox,?says?misunderstanding?between?firstgeneration?AsianAmerican?parents?and?those?who?have?been?in?this?country?longer?are?common.?What?white?middleclass?parents?do?not?always?understand,?she?said,?is?how?much?pressure?recent?immigrants?feel?to?boost?their?children?into?the?middle?class. “They?don’t?have?the?same?chances?to?get?their?children?internships?(实习职位)?or?jobs?at?law?firms,”?Lee?said. “So?what?they?believe?is?that?their?children?must?excel?and?beat?their?white?peers?in?academic?settings?so?they?have?the?same?chances?to?excel?later. ”
I)?The?issue?of?the?stresses?felt?by?students?in?elite?school?districts?has?gained?attention?in?recent?years?as?schools?in?places?like?Newton,?Massachusetts,?and?Palo?Alto?have?reported?a?number?of?suicides.?West?WindsorPlainsboro?has?not?had?a?teenage?suicide?in?recent?years,?but?Aderhold,?who?has?worked?in?the?district?for?seven?years?and?been?chief?for?the?last?three?years,?said?he?had?seen?troubling?signs.?In?a?recent?art?assignments,?a?middle?school?student?depicted?(刻画)?an?overburdened?child?who?was?being?scolded?for?earning?an?A,?rather?than?an?A+ ,?on?a?math?exam.?In?the?image,?the?mother?scolds?the?student?with?the?words, “Shame?on?you!”?Further,?he?said,?the?New?Jersey?Education?Department?has?flagged?at?least?two?pieces?of?writing?on?state?English?language?assessments?in?which?students?expressed?suicidal?thoughts.
J)?The?survey?commissioned?by?the?district?found?that?68?percent?of?high?school?honor?and?Advanced?Placement?students?reported?feeling?stressed?about?school?“always?or?most?of?the?time.” “We?need?to?bring?back?some?balance,”?Aderhold?said. “You?don’t?want?to?wait?until?it’s?too?late?to?do?something. ”
K)?Not?all?public?opinion?has?fallen?along?racial?lines.?Karen?Sue,?the?ChineseAmerican?mother?of?a?fifthgrader?and?an?eighthgrader,?believes?the?competition?within?the?district?has?gotten?out?of?control.?Sue,?who?was?born?in?the?United?States?to?immigrant?parents,?wants?her?peers?to?dial?it?back. “It’s?become?an?arms?race,?an?educational?arms?race,”?she?said. “We?all?want?our?kids?to?achieve?and?be?successful.?The?question?is,?at?what?cost?”
36.?Aderhold?is?limiting?the?extra?classes?that?students?are?allowed?to?take?off?campus.
37.?White?and?AsianAmerican?parents?responded?differently?to?Aderhold’s?appeal.
38.?Suicidal?thoughts?have?appeared?in?some?students’?writings.
39.?Aderhold’s?reform?of?the?advanced?mathematics?program?will?affect?AsianAmerican?students?most.
40.?Aderhold?appealed?for?parents’?support?in?promoting?an?allround?development?of?children,?instead?of?focusing?only?on?their?academic?performance.
41.?One?ChineseAmerican?parent?thinks?the?competition?in?the?district?has?gone?too?far.
42.?Immigrant?parents?believe?that?academic?excellence?will?allow?their?children?equal?chances?to?succeed?in?the?future.
43.?Many?businessmen?and?professionals?have?moved?to?West?Windsor?and?Plainsboro?because?of?the?public?schools?there.
44.?A?number?of?students?in?Aderhold’s?school?district?were?found?to?have?stressinduced?mental?health?problems.
45.?The?tension?between?AsianAmerican?and?white?families?has?increased?in?recent?years.

Section?C

Directions:?There?are?2?passages?in?this?section.?Each?passage?is?followed?by?some?questions?or?unfinished?statements.?For?each?of?them?there?are?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D).?You?should?decide?on?the?best?choice?and?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Passage?One

Questions?46?and?50?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

For?thousands?of?years,?people?have?known?that?the?best?way?to?understand?a?concept?is?to?explain?it?to?someone?else. “While?we?teach,?we?learn,”?said?Roman?philosopher?Seneca.?Now?scientists?are?bringing?this?ancient?wisdom?uptodate.?They’re?documenting?why?teaching?is?such?a?fruitful?way?to?learn,?and?designing?innovative?ways?for?young?people?to?engage?in?instruction.
Researchers?have?found?that?students?who?sign?up?to?tutor?others?work?harder?to?understand?the?material,?recall?it?more?accurately?and?apply?it?more?effectively.?Student?teachers?score?higher?on?tests?than?pupils?who’re?learning?only?for?their?own?sake.?But?how?can?children,?still?learning?themselves,?teach?others??One?answer:?They?can?tutor?younger?kids.?Some?studies?have?found?that?firstborn?children?are?more?intelligent?than?their?laterborn?siblings?(兄弟姐妹).?This?suggests?their?higher?IQs?result?from?the?time?they?spend?teaching?their?siblings.?Now?educators?are?experimenting?with?ways?to?apply?this?model?to?academic?subjects.?They?engage?college?undergraduates?to?teach?computer?science?to?high?school?students,?who?in?turn?instruct?middle?school?students?on?the?topic./
But?the?most?cuttingedge?tool?under?development?is?the?“teachable?agent“—a?computerized?character?who?learns,?tries,?makes?mistakes?and?asks?questions?just?like?a?realworld?pupil.?Computer?scientists?have?created?an?animated?(动画的)?figure?called?Betty’s?Brain,?who?has?been?“taught”?about?environmental?science?by?hundreds?of?middle?school?students.?Student?teachers?are?motivated?to?help?Betty?master?certain?materials.?While?preparing?to?teach,?they?organize?their?knowledge?and?improve?their?own?understanding.?And?as?they?explain?the?information?to?it,?they?identify?problems?in?their?own?thinking.
Feedback?from?the?teachable?agents?further?enhances?the?tutors’?learning.?The?agents’?questions?compel?student?tutors?to?think?and?explain?the?materials?in?different?ways,?and?watching?the?agent?solve?problems?allows?them?to?see?their?knowledge?put?into?action.
Above?all,?it’s?the?emotions?one?experiences?in?teaching?that?facilitate?learning.?Student?tutors?feel?upset?when?their?teachable?agents?fail,?but?happy?when?these?virtual?pupils?succeed?as?they?derive?pride?and?satisfaction?from?someone?else’s?accomplishment.
46.?What?are?researchers?rediscovering?through?their?studies?
A)?Seneca’s?thinking?is?still?applicable?today.
B)?Better?learners?will?become?better?teachers.
C)?Human?intelligence?tends?to?grow?with?age.
D)?Philosophical?thinking?improves?instruction.
47.?What?do?we?learn?about?Betty’s?Brain?
A)?It?is?a?character?in?a?popular?animation.
B)?It?is?a?teaching?tool?under?development.
C)?It?is?a?cuttingedge?app?in?digital?games.
D)?It?is?a?tutor?for?computer?science?students.
48.?How?does?teaching?others?benefit?student?tutors?
A)?It?makes?them?aware?of?what?they?are?strong?at.
B)?It?motivates?them?to?try?novel?ways?of?teaching.
C)?It?helps?them?learn?their?academic?subjects?better.
D)?It?enables?them?to?better?understand?their?teachers.
49.?What?do?students?do?to?teach?their?teachable?agents?
A)?They?motivate?them?to?think?independently.
B)?They?ask?them?to?design?their?own?questions.
C)?They?encourage?them?to?give?prompt?feedback.
D)?They?use?various?ways?to?explain?the?materials.
50.?What?is?the?key?factor?that?eases?student?tutors’?learning?
A)?Their?sense?of?responsibility.
B)?Their?emotional?involvement.
C)?The?learning?strategy?acquired.
D)?The?teaching?experience?gained.

Passage?Two

Questions?51?to?55?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

A?new?batch?of?young?womenmembers?of?the?socalled?Millennial?(千禧的)?generationhas?been?entering?the?workforce?for?the?past?decade.?At?the?starting?line?of?their?careers,?they?are?better?educated?than?their?mothers?and?grandmothers?had?beenor?than?their?young?male?counterparts?are?now.?But?when?they?look?ahead,?they?see?roadblocks?to?their?success.?They?believe?that?women?are?paid?less?than?men?for?doing?the?same?job.?They?think?it’s?easier?for?men?to?get?top?executive?jobs?than?it?is?for?them.?And?they?assume?that?if?and?when?they?have?children,?it?will?be?even?harder?for?them?to?advance?in?their?careers.
While?the?public?sees?greater?workplace?equality?between?men?and?women?now?than?it?did?20-30?years?ago,?most?believe?more?change?is?needed.?Among?Millennial?women, 75%?say?this?country?needs?to?continue?making?changes?to?achieve?gender?equality?in?the?workplace,?compared?with?57%?of?Millennial?men.?Even?so,?relatively?few?young?women?(15%)?say?they?have?been?discriminated?against?at?work?because?of?their?gender./
As?Millennial?women?come?of?age?they?share?many?of?the?same?views?and?values?about?work?as?their?male?counterparts.?They?want?jobs?that?provide?security?and?flexibility,?and?they?place?relatively?little?importance?on?high?pay.?At?the?same?time,?however,?young?working?women?are?less?likely?than?men?to?aim?at?top?management?jobs: 34%?say?they’re?not?interested?in?becoming?a?boss?or?top?manager;?only?24%?of?young?men?say?the?same.?The?gender?gap?on?this?question?is?even?wider?among?working?adults?in?their?30s?and?40s,?when?many?women?face?the?tradeoffs?that?go?with?work?and?motherhood.
These?findings?are?based?on?a?new?Pew?Research?Center?survey?of?2,002?adults,?including?810?Millennials?(ages?18-32),?conducted?Oct. 7-27, 2013.?The?survey?finds?that,?in?spite?of?the?dramatic?gains?women?have?made?in?educational?attainment?and?labor?force?participation?in?recent?decades,?young?women?view?this?as?a?man’s?worldjust?as?middleaged?and?older?women?do.
51.?What?do?we?learn?from?the?first?paragraph?about?Millennial?women?starting?their?careers?
A)?They?can?get?ahead?only?by?striving?harder.
B)?They?expect?to?succeed?just?like?Millennial?men.
C)?They?are?generally?quite?optimistic?about?their?future.
D)?They?are?better?educated?than?their?male?counterparts.
52.?How?do?most?Millennial?women?feel?about?their?treatment?in?the?workplace?
A)?They?are?the?target?of?discrimination.
B)?They?find?it?satisfactory?on?the?whole.
C)?They?think?it?needs?further?improving.
D)?They?find?their?complaints?ignored.
53.?What?do?Millennial?women?value?most?when?coming?of?age?
A)?A?sense?of?accomplishment.
B)?Job?stability?and?flexibility.
C)?Rewards?and?promotions.
D)?Joy?derived?from?work.
54.?What?are?women?in?their?30s?and?40s?concerned?about?
A)?The?welfare?of?their?children.
B)?The?narrowing?of?the?gender?gap.
C)?The?fulfillment?of?their?dreams?in?life.
D)?The?balance?between?work?and?family.
55.?What?conclusion?can?be?drawn?about?Millennial?women?from?the?2013?survey?
A)?They?still?view?this?world?as?one?dominated?by?males.
B)?They?account?for?half?the?workforce?in?the?job?market.
C)?They?see?the?world?differently?from?older?generations.
D)?They?do?better?in?work?than?their?male?counterparts.

2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题阅读翻译:

Part?IV?Translation?(30?minutes)

Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?translate?a?passage?from?Chinese?into English.?You?should?write?your?answer?on?Answer?Sheet?2.
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2018年6月大年夜学英语四级测验真题参考答案:

Part?Ⅰ?Writing

The?Importance?of?Speaking?Ability?and?How?to?Develop?It

As?we?all?know,?proficiency?in?speaking?is?necessary?for?us?to?become?wellrounded?communicators.?However,?the?capacity?to?put?words?together?in?a?meaningful?way?to?reflect?thoughts,?opinions,?and?feelings?is?not?something?we’re?born?with?but?needs?some?techniques?and?practice.
Firstly,?build?confidence?and?concentrate?on?getting?our?message?across,?which?help?us?gain?the?attention?of?the?audience?return.?Secondly,?experiment?with?the?things?we?know?well?instead?of?challenging?ourselves?with?difficult?words?since?fluency?appears?more?important?during?oral?communication.?Lastly,?create?some?opportunities?to?practice?like?narrating?our?daily?life?to?ourselves?or?maintaining?a?regular?chat?with?friends./
To?sum?up,?only?by?being?confident?enough?and?using?efficient?methods?can?we?enhance?our?speaking?ability.?Follow?the?steps?to?improve?our?speaking?skills?in?order?to?achieve?a?higher?standard?in?communication.

Part?Ⅱ?Listening?Comprehension

声名:因为2018年6月四级测验全国共考了两套听力, 本套真题听力与前两套内容不异, 只是选项依次不合, 是以在本套真题中不再一再显现。

Part?III?Reading?Comprehension

26-35:?CLFJE?GIBKH
36-45:?FCIEB?KHDAG
46-55:?ABCDB?DCBDA

Part?IV?Translation

In?recent?years,?more?and?more?cities?in?China?have?begun?to?build?subways.?The?development?of?subways?can?help?reduce?traffic?congestion?and?air?pollution?in?cities.?The?subway?has?the?advantages?of?safety,?speed?and?comfort.?More?and?more?people?choose?the?subway?as?the?main?means?of?transportation?to?work?or?school?every?day.?Nowadays,?it?is?becoming?more?and?more?convenient?to?take?the?subway?in?China.?In?some?cities,?passengers?can?use?a?card?or?a?mobile?phone?to?take?the?subway.?Many?local?elderly?citizens?can?also?take?the?subway?for?free.

原创文┞仿,作者:刘青,如若转载,请注明出处:/16697.html

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