2018年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第一套试卷听力及答案

2018年12月大年夜学英语四级测验真题第一套试卷听力及答案

2018年12月大年夜学英语四级测验阅读真题写作:

Part?I?Writing?(30?minutes)
Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?write?a?short?essay?on?the?challenges?of?living?in?a?big?city.?You?should?write?at?least?120?words?but?no?more?than?180?words.
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2018年12月大年夜学英语四级测验阅读真题第三套听力及答案

2018年12月英语四级听力真题及答案:第1套 点击收听:

2018年12月英语四级听力真题:第1套

Section?A?News?Report
Directions?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?three?news?reports。?At?the?end?of?each?news?report,?you?will?hear?two?or?three?questions。?Both?the?news?report?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once。?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),?B),?C)?and?D)。?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre。www.hyundaipaint.com

Questions?1?and?2?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.
1.?A)?Land?a?space?vehicle?on?the?moon?in?2019.
B)?Design?a?new?generation?of?mobile?phones.
C)?Set?up?a?mobile?phone?network?on?the?moon.
D)?Gather?data?from?the?moon?with?a?tiny?device.
2.?A)?It?is?stable.
B)?It?is?durable.
C)?It?is?inexpensive.
D)?It?is?sophisticated.

Questions?3?and?4?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.
3.?A)?It?lasted?more?than?six?hours.
B)?No?injuries?were?yet?reported.
C)?Nobody?was?in?the?building?when?it?broke?out.
D)?It?had?burned?for?45?minutes?by?the?time?firefighters?arrived.
4.?A)?Recruit?and?train?more?firefighters.
B)?Pull?down?the?deserted?shopping?mall.
C)?Turn?the?shopping?mall?into?an?amusement?park.
D)?Find?money?to?renovate?the?local?neighborhood.

Questions?5?to?7?are?based?on?the?news?report?you?have?just?heard.
5.?A)?Shrinking?potato?farming.
B)?Heavy?reliance?on?import.
C)?Widespread?plant?disease.
D)?Insufficient?potato?supply.
6.?A)?It?intends?to?keep?its?traditional?diet.
B)?It?wants?to?expand?its?own?farming.
C)?It?is?afraid?of?the?spread?of?disease.
D)?It?is?worried?about?unfair?competition.
7.?A)?Global?warming.
B)?Everrising?prices.
C)?Government?regulation.
D)?Diminishing?investment.

Section?B?Conversation
Directions?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?two?long?conversations。?At?the?end?of?each?conversations?you?will?hear?four?questions。?Both?the?conversations?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once。?After?you?hear?a?question。?You?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),B),Cand?D)。?Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Questions?8?to?11?are?based?on?the?conversation?you?have?just?heard.
8.?A)?Informative.
B)?Inspiring.
C)?Dull.
D)?Shallow.
9.?A)?She?types?on?a?keyboard.
B)?She?does?recording.
C)?She?takes?photos.
D)?She?takes?notes.
10.?A)?It?keeps?her?mind?active.
B)?It?makes?her?stay?awake.
C)?It?enables?her?to?think?hard.
D)?It?helps?her?kill?time.
11.?A)?It?enables?her?to?improve?her?pronunciation.
B)?It?helps?her?better?remember?what?she?learns.
C)?It?turns?out?to?be?an?enjoyable?way?of?learning.
D)?It?proves?to?be?far?more?effective?than?writing.

Questions?12?to?15?are?based?on?the?conversation?you?have?just?heard.
12.?A)?To?spend?her?honeymoon.
B)?To?try?authentic?Indian?food.
C)?To?take?photos?of?the?Taj?Mahal.
D)?To?trace?the?origin?of?a?love?story.
13.?A)?In?memory?of?a?princess.
B)?In?honor?of?a?great?emperor.
C)?To?mark?the?death?of?an?emperor?of?the?1600s.
D)?To?celebrate?the?birth?of?a?princess’s?14th?child.
14.?A)?It?looks?older?than?expected.
B)?It?is?built?of?wood?and?bricks.
C)?It?stores?lots?of?priceless?antiques.
D)?It?has?walls?decorated?with?jewels.
15.?A)?Their?streets?are?narrow.
B)?They?are?mostly?crowded.
C)?Each?one?has?a?unique?character.
D)?Life?can?be?tedious?in?some?places.

Section?C?Passage
Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?three?passages。?At?the?end?of?each?passage,?you?will?hear?three?or?four?questions。?Both?the?passage?and?the?questions?will?be?spoken?only?once。?After?you?hear?a?question,?you?must?choose?the?best?answer?from?the?four?choices?marked?A),B),Cand?D)。Then?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?1?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.

Questions?16?to?18?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.
16.?A)?They?help?spread?the?latest?technology.
B)?They?greatly?enrich?peoples?leisure?life.
C)?They?provide?residents?with?the?resources?needed.
D)?They?allow?free?access?to?digital?books?and?videos.
17.?A)?By?helping?them?find?jobs.
B)?By?inspiring?their?creativity.
C)?By?keeping?them?off?the?streets.
D)?By?providing?a?place?of?relaxation.
18.?A)?Their?interaction?with?teenagers?proved?fruitful.
B)?They?used?libraries?less?often?than?teenagers.
C)?They?tended?to?visit?libraries?regularly.
D)?Their?number?increased?modestly.

Questions?19?to?21?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.
19.?A)?It?is?the?cleverest?cat?in?the?world.
B)?It?is?the?largest?cat?in?Africa.
C)?It?is?an?unusual?cross?breed.
D)?It?is?a?largesized?wild?cat.
20.?A)?They?are?as?loyal?as?dogs.
B)?They?have?unusually?long?tails.
C)?They?are?fond?of?sleeping?in?cabinets.
D)?They?know?how?to?please?their?owners.
21.?A)?They?shake?their?front?paws.
B)?They?teach?them?to?dive.
C)?They?shower?with?them.
D)?They?shout?at?them.

Questions?22?to?25?are?based?on?the?passage?you?have?just?heard.
22.?A)?Anxious?and?depressed.
B)?Contented?and?relieved.
C)?Excited?but?somewhat?sad.
D)?Proud?but?a?bit?nervous.
23.?A)?It?is?becoming?parents?biggest?concern.
B)?It?is?gaining?increasing?public?attention.
C)?It?depends?on?their?parents?for?success.
D)?It?starts?the?moment?they?are?born.
24.?A)?Set?a?good?example?for?them?to?follow.
B)?Read?books?and?magazines?to?them.
C)?Help?them?to?learn?by?themselves.
D)?Choose?the?right?school?for?them.
25.?A)?Their?intelligence.
B)?Their?home?life.
C)?The?effort?they?put?in?learning.
D)?The?quality?of?their?school.

2018年12月英语四级听力真题答案:第1套

1.?C
2.?A
3.?B
4.?B
5.?D
6.?C
7.?A
8.?C
9.?D
10.?A
11.?B
12.?A
13.?A
14.?D
15.?B
16.?C
17.?B
18.?D
19.?C
20.?A
21.?C
22.?C
23.?D
24.?A
25.?B

2018年12月英语四级听力真题阅读:

Part?III?Reading?Comprehension?(40?minutes)
Section?A

Directions:?In?this?section,?there?is?a?passage?with?ten?blanks.?You?are?required?to?select?one?word?for?each?blank?from?a?list?of?choices?given?in?a?word?bank?following?the?passage.?Read?the?passage?through?carefully?before?making?your?choices.?Each?choice?in?the?bank?is?identified?by?a?letter.?Please?mark?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2?with?a?single?line?through?the?centre.?You?may?not?use?any?of?the?words?in?the?bank?more?than?once.www.hyundaipaint.com

Millions?die?early?from?air?pollution?each?year.?Air?pollution?costs?the?global?economy?more?than?$5?trillion?annually?in?welfare?costs,?with?the?most?serious?___26___?occurring?in?the?developing?world.

The?figures?include?a?number?of?costs?___27___?with?air?pollution.?Lost?income?alone?amounts?to?$225?billion?a?year.

The?report?includes?both?indoor?and?outdoor?air?pollution.?Indoor?pollution,?which?includes?___28___?like?home?heating?and?cooking,?has?remained?___29___?over?the?past?several?decades?despite?advances?in?the?area.?Levels?of?outdoor?pollution?have?grown?rapidly?along?with?rapid?growth?in?industry?and?transportation.

Director?of?Institute?for?Health?Metrics?and?Evaluation?Chris?Murray?___30___?it?as?an?“urgent?call?to?action.”?One?of?the?risk?factors?for?premature?deaths?is?the?air?we?breathe,?over?which?individuals?have?little?___31___,?he?said.

The?effects?of?air?pollution?are?worst?in?the?developing?world,?where?in?some?places?lostlabor?income?___32___?nearly?1%?of?GDP.?Around?9?in?10?people?in?low?and?middleincome?countries?live?in?places?where?they?___33___?experience?dangerous?levels?of?outdoor?air?pollution.

But?the?problem?is?not?limited?___34___?to?the?developing?world.?Thousands?die?prematurely?in?the?U.?S.?as?a?result?of?related?illnesses.?In?many?European?countries,?where?diesel?(柴油) ___35___?have?become?more?common?in?recent?years,?that?number?reaches?tens?of?thousands.

A)?ability
B)?associate
C)?consciously
D)?constant
E)?control
F)?damage
G)?described
H)?equals
I)?exclusively
J)?innovated
K)?regularly
L)?relates
M)?sources
N)?undermine
O)?vehicles

Section?B
Directions:?In?this?section,?you?are?going?to?read?a?passage?with?ten?statements?attached?to?it.?Each?statement?contains?information?given?in?one?of?the?paragraphs?Identify?the?paragraph?from?which?the?information?is?derived.?You?may?choose?a?paragraph?more?than?once.?Each?paragraph?is?marked?with?a?letter.?Answer?the?questions?by?marking?the?corresponding?letter?on?Answer?Sheet?2.

FoodasMedicine?Movement?Is?Witnessing?Progress

A)?Several?times?a?month,?you?can?find?a?doctor?in?the?aisles?of?Ralph’s?market?in?Huntington?Beach,?California,?wearing?a?white?coat?and?helping?people?learn?about?food.?On?one?recent?day,?this?doctor?was?Daniel?Nadeau,?wandering?the?cereal?aisle?with?Allison?Scott,?giving?her?some?idea?on?how?to?feed?kids?who?persistently?avoid?anything?that?is?healthy. “Have?you?thought?about?trying?fresh?juices?in?the?morning?”?he?asks?her. “The?frozen?oranges?and?apples?are?a?little?cheaper,?and?fruits?are?really?good?for?the?brain.?Juices?are?quick?and?easy?to?prepare;?you?can?take?the?frozen?fruit?out?the?night?before?and?have?it?ready?the?next?morning.”

B)?Scott?is?delighted?to?get?food?advice?from?a?physician?who?is?program?director?of?the?nearby?Mary?and?Dick?Allen?Diabetes?Center,?part?of?the?St.?Joseph?Hoag?Health?alliance.?The?center’s?“Shop?with?Your?Doc”?program?sends?doctors?to?the?grocery?store?to?meet?with?any?patients?who?sign?up?for?the?service,?plus?any?other?shoppers?who?happen?to?be?around?with?questions.

C)?Nаdеаu?nоt?се??thе рrе-mаdе?mасаrоn?(通心粉)-аndhее?е?bохе? ?n??соtt’? ?hорр?ng?саrtnd?suggests?she?switch?to?whole?grain?macaroni?and?real?cheese. “So?I’d?have?to?make?it?”?she?asks,?her?enthusiasm?fading?at?the?thought?of?how?long?that?might?take,?just?to?have?her?kids?reject?it. “I’m?not?sure?they’d?eat?it.?They?just?won’t?eat?it.”

D)?Nadeau?says?sugar?and?processed?foods?are?big?contributors?to?the?rising?diabetes?rates?among?children. “In?America,?over?50?percent?of?our?food?is?processed?food,”?Nadeau?tells?her. “And?only?5?percent?of?our?food?is?plantbased?food.?I?think?we?should?try?to?reverse?that.”?Scott?agrees?to?try?more?fruit?juices?for?the?kids?and?to?make?real?macaroni?and?cheese.?Score?one?point?for?the?doctor,?zero?for?diabetes.

E)?Nadeau?is?part?of?a?small?revolution?developing?across?California.?The?foodasmedicine?movement?has?been?around?for?decades,?but?it’s?making?progress?as?physicians?and?medical?institutions?make?food?a?formal?part?of?treatment,?rather?than?relying?solely?on?medications(药物).?By?prescribing?nutritional?changes?or?launching?programs?such?as?“Shop?with?Your?Doc“,?they?are?trying?to?prevent,?limit?or?even?reverse?disease?by?changing?what?patients?eat. “There’s?no?question?people?can?take?things?a?long?way?toward?reversing?diabetes,?reversing?high?blood?pressure,?even?preventing?cancer?by?food?choices,”?Nadeau?says.

F)?In?the?big?picture,?says?Dr.?Richard?Afable,?CEO?and?president?of?St.?Joseph?Hoag?Health,?medical?institutions?across?the?state?are?starting?to?make?a?philosophical?switch?to?becoming?a?health?organization,?not?just?a?health?care?organization.?That?feeling?echoes?the?beliefs?of?the?Therapeutic?Food?Pantry?program?at?Zuckerberg?San?Francisco?General?Hospital,?which?completed?its?pilot?phase?and?is?about?to?expand?on?an?ongoing?basis?to?five?clinic?sites?throughout?the?city.?The?program?will?offer?patients?several?bags?of?food?prescribed?for?their?condition,?along?with?intensive?training?in?how?to?cook?it. “We?really?want?to?link?food?and?medicine,?and?not?just?give?away?food,”?says?Dr.?Rita?Nguyen,?the?hospital’s?medical?director?of?Healthy?Food?Initiatives. “We?want?people?to?understand?what?they’re?eating,?how?to?prepare?it,?the?role?food?plays?in?their?lives.”

G)?In?Southern?California,?Loma?Linda?University?School?of?Medicine?is?offering?specialized?training?for?its?resident?physicians?in?Lifestyle?Medicinethat?is?a?formal?specialty?in?using?food?to?treat?disease.?Research?findings?increasingly?show?the?power?of?food?to?treat?or?reverse?diseases,?but?that?does?not?mean?that?diet?alone?is?always?the?solution,?or?that?every?illness?can?benefit?substantially?from?dietary?changes.?Nonetheless,?physicians?say?that?they?look?at?the?collective?data?and?a?clear?picture?emerges:?that?the?salt,?sugar,?fat?and?processed?foods?in?the?American?diet?contribute?to?the?nation’s?high?rates?of?obesity,?diabetes?and?heart?disease.?According?to?the?World?Health?Organization, 80?percent?of?deaths?from?heart?disease?and?stroke?are?caused?by?high?blood,?pressure,?tobacco?use,?elevated?cholesterol?and?low?consumption?of?fruits?and?vegetables.

H) “It’s?a?different?paradigm(范式)of?how?to?treat?disease,”?says?Dr.?Brenda?Rea,?who?helps?run?the?family?and?preventive?medicine?residency?program?at?Loma?Linda?University?School?of?Medicine.?The?lifestyle?medicine?specialty?is?designed?to?train?doctors?in?how?to?prevent?and?treat?disease,?in?part,?by?changing?patient’s?nutritional?habits.?The?medical?center?and?school?at?Loma?Linda?also?has?a?food?cupboard?and?kitchen?for?patients.?This?way,?patients?not?only?learn?about?which?foods?to?buy,?but?also?how?to?prepare?them?at?home.

I)?Many?people?don’t?know?how?to?cook,?Rea?says,?and?they?only?know?how?to?heat?things?up.?That?means?depending?on?packaged?food?with?high?salt?and?sugar?content.?So?teaching?people?about?which?foods?are?healthy?and?how?to?prepare?them,?she?says,?can?actually?transform?a?patient’s?life.?And?beyond?that,?it?might?transform?the?health?and?lives?of?that?patient’s?family. “What?people?eat?can?be?medicine?or?poison,”?Rea?says. “As?a?physician,?nutrition?is?one?of?the?most?powerful?things?you?can?change?to?reverse?the?effects?of?longterm?disease.”

J)?Studies?have?explored?evidence?that?dietary?changes?can?slow?inflammation(炎症),?for?example,?or?make?the?body?inhospitable?to?cancer?cell.?In?general,?many?lifestyle?medicine?physicians?recommend?a?plantbased?dietparticularly?for?people?with?diabetes?or?other?inflammatory?conditions.

K) “As?what?happened?with?tobacco,?this?will?require?a?cultural?shift,?but?that?can?happen,”?says?Nguyen. “In?the?same?way?physicians?used?to?smoke,?and?then?stopped?smoking?and?were?able?to?talk?to?patients?about?it,?I?think?physicians?can?have?a?bigger?voice?in?it.”

36.?More?than?half?of?the?food?Americans?eat?is?factoryproduced.
37.?There?is?a?special?program?that?assigns?doctors?to?give?advice?to?shoppers?in?food?stores.
38.?There?is?growing?evidence?from?research?that?food?helps?patients?recover?from?various?illnesses.
39.?A?healthy?breakfast?can?be?prepared?quickly?and?easily.
40.?Training?a?patient?to?prepare?healthy?food?can?change?their?life.
41.?One?foodas?–medicine?program?not?only?prescribes?food?for?treatment?but?teaches?patients?how?to?cook?it.
42.?Scott?is?not?keen?on?cooking?food?herself,?thinking?it?would?simply?be?a?waste?of?time.
43.?Diabetes?patients?are?advised?to?eat?more?plantbased?food.
44.?Using?food?as?medicine?is?no?novel?idea,?but?the?movement?is?making?headway?these?days.
45.?Americans’?high?rates?of?various?illnesses?result?from?the?way?they?eat.

Section?C

Directions:?In?this?section,?you?will?hear?a?passage?three?times.?When?the?passage?is?read?for?the?first?timeyou?should?listen?carefully?for?its?general?idea.When?the?passage?is?read?for?the?second?timeyou?are?required?to?fill?in?the?blanks?with?the?exact?words?you?have?just?heard.?Finallywhen?the?passage?is?read?for?the?third?timeyou?should?check?what?you?have?written.

Passage?One
Questions?46?to?50?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

California?has?been?facing?a?drought?for?many?years?now,?with?certain?areas?even?having?to?pump?freshwater?hundreds?of?miles?to?their?distribution?system.?The?problem?is?growing?as?the?population?of?the?state?continues?to?expand.?New?research?has?found?deep?water?reserves?under?the?state?which?could?help?solve?their?drought?crisis.?Previous?drilling?of?wells?could?only?reach?depths?of?1,000?feet,?but?due?to?new?pumping?practices,?water?deeper?than?this?can?now?be?extracted?(抽取).?The?team?at?Stanford?investigated?the?aquifers(地下蓄水层)below?this?depth?and?found?that?reserves?may?be?triple?what?was?previously?thought.

It?is?profitable?to?drill?to?depths?more?than?1,000?feet?for?oil?and?gas?extraction,?but?only?recently?in?California?has?it?become?profitable?to?pump?water?from?this?depth.?The?aquifers?range?from?1,000?to3,000?feet?below?the?ground,?which?means?that?pumping?will?be?expensive?and?there?are?other?concerns.?The?biggest?concern?of?pumping?out?water?from?this?deep?is?the?gradual?setting?down?of?the?land?surface.?As?the?water?is?pumped?out,?the?vacant?space?left?is?compacted?by?the?weight?of?the?earth?above.

Even?though?pumping?from?these?depths?is?expensive,?it?is?still?cheaper?than?desalinating(脱盐)the?ocean?water?in?the?largely?coastal?state.?Some?desalination?plants?exist?where?feasible,?but?they?are?costly?to?run?and?can?need?constant?repairs.?Wells?are?much?more?reliable?sources?of?freshwater,?and?California?is?hoping?that?these?deep?wells?may?be?the?answer?to?their?severe?water?shortage.

One?problem?with?these?sources?is?that?the?deep?water?also?has?a?higher?level?of?salt?than?shallower?aquifers.?This?means?that?some?wells?may?even?need?to?undergo?desalination?after?extraction,?thus?increasing?the?cost.?Research?from?the?exhaustive?study?of?groundwater?from?over?950?drilling?logs?has?just?been?published.?New?estimates?of?the?water?reserves?now?go?up?to?2,700?billion?cubic?meters?of?freshwater.www.hyundaipaint.com

46.?How?could?California’s?drought?crisis?be?solved?according?to?some?researchers?
A)?By?building?more?reserves?of?groundwater.
B)?By?drawing?water?from?the?depths?of?the?earth.
C)?By?developing?more?advanced?drilling?devices.
D)?By?upgrading?its?water?distribution?system.
47.?What?can?be?inferred?about?extracting?water?from?deep?aquifers?
A)?It?was?deemed?vital?to?solving?the?water?problem.
B)?It?was?not?considered?worth?the?expense.
C)?It?may?not?provide?quality?freshwater.
D)?It?is?bound?to?gain?support?from?the?local?people.
48.?What?is?mentioned?as?a?consequence?of?extracting?water?from?deep?underground?
A)?The?sinking?of?land?surface.
B)?The?harm?to?the?ecosystem.
C)?The?damage?to?aquifers.
D)?The?change?of?the?climate.
49.?What?does?the?author?say?about?deep?wells?
A)?They?run?without?any?need?for?repairs.
B)?They?are?entirely?free?from?pollutants.
C)?They?are?the?ultimate?solution?to?droughts.
D)?They?provide?a?steady?supply?of?freshwater.
50.?What?may?happen?when?deep?aquifers?are?used?as?water?sources?
A)?People’s?health?may?improve?with?cleaner?water.
B)?People’s?water?bills?may?be?lowered?considerably.
C)?The?cost?may?go?up?due?to?desalination.
D)?They?may?be?exhausted?sooner?or?later.

Passage?Two
Questions?51?to?55?are?based?on?the?following?passage.

The?AlphaGo?programs?victory?is?an?example?of?how?smart?computers?have?become.

But?can?artificial?intelligence?(AI)?machines?act?ethically,?meaning?can?they?be?honest?and?fair?

One?example?of?AI?is?driverless?cars.?They?are?already?on?California?roads,?so?it?is?not?too?soon?to?ask?whether?we?can?program?a?machine?to?act?ethically.?As?driverless?cars?improve,?they?will?save?lives.?They?will?make?fewer?mistakes?than?human?drivers?do.?Sometimes,?however,?they?will?face?a?choice?between?lives.?Should?the?cars?be?programmed?to?avoid?hitting?a?child?running?across?the?road,?even?if?that?will?put?their?passengers?at?risk??What?about?making?a?sudden?turn?to?avoid?a?dog??What?if?the?only?risk?is?damage?to?the?car?itself,?not?to?the?passengers?

Perhaps?there?will?be?lessons?to?learn?from?driverless?cars,?but?they?are?not?superintelligent?beings.?Teaching?ethics?to?a?machine?even?more?intelligent?than?we?are?will?be?the?bigger?challenge.

About?the?same?time?as?AlphaGo’s?triumph,?Microsoft’s?‘chatbot’?took?a?bad?turn.?The?software,?named?Taylor,?was?designed?to?answer?messages?from?people?aged?18-24.?Taylor?was?supposed?to?be?able?to?learn?from?the?messages?she?received.?She?was?designed?to?slowly?improve?her?ability?to?handle?conversations,?but?some?people?were?teaching?Taylor?racist?ideas.?When?she?started?saying?nice?things?about?Hitler,?Microsoft?turned?her?off?and?deleted?her?ugliest?messages.

AlphaGo’s?victory?and?Taylor’s?defeat?happened?at?about?the?same?time.?This?should?be?a?warning?to?us.?It?is?one?thing?to?use?AI?within?a?game?with?clear?rules?and?clear?goals.?It?is?something?very?different?to?use?AI?in?the?real?world.?The?unpredictability?of?the?real?world?may?bring?to?the?surface?a?troubling?software?problem.

Eric?Schmidt?is?one?of?the?bosses?of?Google,?which?owns?AlphaGo.?He?thinks?AI?will?be?positive?for?humans.?He?said?people?will?be?the?winner,?whatever?the?outcome.?Advances?in?AI?will?make?human?beings?smarter,?more?able?and?“just?better?human?beings.”

51.?What?does?the?author?want?to?show?with?the?example?of?AlphaGo’s?victory?
A)?Computers?will?prevail?over?human?beings.
B)?Computers?have?unmatched?potential.
C)?Computers?are?man’s?potential?rivals.
D)?Computers?can?become?highly?intelligent.
52.?What?does?the?author?mean?by?AI?machines?acting?ethically?
A)?They?are?capable?of?predicting?possible?risks.
B)?They?weigh?the?gains?and?losses?before?reaching?a?decision.
C)?They?make?sensible?decisions?when?facing?moral?dilemmas.
D)?They?sacrifice?everything?to?save?human?lives.
53.?What?is?said?to?be?the?bigger?challenge?facing?humans?in?the?AI?age?
A)?How?to?make?superintelligent?AI?machines?share?human?feelings.
B)?How?to?ensure?that?superintelligent?AI?machines?act?ethically.
C)?How?to?prevent?AI?machines?doing?harm?to?humans.
D)?How?to?avoid?being?overdependent?on?AI?machines.
54.?What?do?we?learn?about?Microsoft’s?“chatbot”?Taylor?
A)?She?could?not?distinguish?good?from?bad.
B)?She?could?turn?herself?off?when?necessary.
C)?She?was?not?made?to?handle?novel?situations.
D)?She?was?good?at?performing?routine?tasks.
55.?What?does?Eric?Schmidt?think?of?artificial?intelligence?
A)?It?will?be?far?superior?to?human?beings.
B)?It?will?keep?improving?as?time?goes?by.
C)?It?will?prove?to?be?an?asset?to?human?beings.
D)?It?will?be?here?to?stay?whatever?the?outcome.

2018年12月英语四级听力真题阅读翻译:

Part?Ⅳ?Translation?(30?minutes)

Directions:?For?this?part,?you?are?allowed?30?minutes?to?translate?a?passage?from?Chinese?into?English.?You?should?write?your?answer?on?Answer?Sheet?2.www.hyundaipaint.com

因为通信收集的快速成长,中国智高手机用户数目最近几年来以惊人速度增添。这极大年夜地改变了很多人的阅读体例。他们此刻常常在智高手机上看新闻和文┞仿,而不买传统报刊。大年夜量移动应用法度榜样(apps)的开辟使人们能用手机读小说和其他形式的文学作品。是以,纸质书籍的发卖受到了影响。但查询造访显示,虽然智高手机阅读市场稳步增添,超半数成年人仍喜欢读纸质书。

2018年12月四级部分真题参考答案(完整版)

Part?Ⅰ?Writing

The?Challenges?of?Living?in?a?Big?City

With?the?development?of?economy?and?urbanization,?the?number?of?big?cities?is?constantly?increasing?in?China. ②While?big?cities?are?attracting?more?and?more?people,?they?also?bring?many?challenges,?such?as?traffic?jam?and?pollution,?just?to?name?a?few.

The?first?problem?that?really?bothers?me?is?the?traffic?congestion?during?rush?hours.?I?hate?waiting?for?buses?and?being?late?for?school?or?work. ④The?next?problem?is?that?the?large?population?in?big?cities?makes?them?so?crowded?that?we?can?hardly?find?a?peaceful?place?unless?staying?at?home.?Supermarkets?are?always?crowded,?so?are?cinemas?and?parks. ⑤Another?consequence?of?the?large?population?is?that?it?intensifies?the?inadequacy?of?highquality?medical?and?educational?resources,?thus?decreasing?residents’?sense?of?happiness.

As?a?result,?although?I?am?frequently?asked?whether?I?like?to?live?in?a?big?city?or?not,?my?answer?is?always: “no,?definitely?not.”?What?about?you?

Part?Ⅱ?Listening?Comprehension

1.?C
2.?A
3.?B
4.?B
5.?D
6.?C
7.?A
8.?C
9.?D
10.?A
11.?B
12.?A
13.?A
14.?D
15.?B
16.?C
17.?B
18.?D
19.?C
20.?A
21.?C
22.?C
23.?D
24.?A
25.?B

Part?III?Reading?Comprehension

26-35:FBMDG?EHKIO
36-45:DBGAI?FCJRG
46-55:BBADC?DCBAC

Part?IV?Translation

Because?of?the?rapid?development?of?communication?network,?the?number?of?smartphone?users?in?China?has?increased?at?an?astonishing?rate?in?recent?years,?which?has?significantly?changed?the?way?many?people?read.?Nowadays?they?often?read?news?and?articles?on?smartphones?instead?of?buying?traditional?newspapers?and?periodicals.?The?development?of?numerous?mobile?apps?has?enabled?people?to?read?novels?and?other?forms?of?literary?works?on?their?mobile?phones.?Therefore,?the?sales?of?paper?books?have?been?affected.?But?surveys?show?that?though?smartphone?reading?market?has?grown?steadily,?over?half?of?adults?still?enjoy?reading?paper?books.

原创文┞仿,作者:刘青,如若转载,请注明出处:/54235.html

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